Thursday, September 22, 2016

186.) CAS - Close Air Support (Air Combat Tactics) - Közeli légitámogatás (Harcászati fogások) HICs, ERIP - FACP, JTAC

 Uploaded 118%-12.04.2017.-Refreshed:++++++++++++++++++

above: Juci'bacsi's scan collect: HiRes! CASing Rhino Dinamics F-16 "Fighting Falcon"  from: 'Defence Weekly' newspaper 1990's - caricature with Nashorn - Orrszarvú/Rinocérosz

above: NoHigher! A-10 JTAC sover M1commander art

above: NEW! MedRes! Israeli Air Force: Hu. text: Több nő repül Izraelben F-16-on mint amennyi nő autót vezet Szaúd-Arábiában.  artwork by JOFF
The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrewזְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל‎‎, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as חֵיל הָאֲוִיר‎, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces. It was founded on May 28, 1948, shortly after the Israeli Declaration of Independence. As of May 2012 Aluf Amir Eshelserves as the Air Force Commander.
above: NoHigher! "Bombs Away" (out of Service)
above: HiRes! USAF JTAC in US ARMY's BDU - Battle Dress Uniform - JAJJTEK

above: NEW! MedRes! Hungarian JTAC members in new Hu. BDU on Firing Exercise in Iraq. Photo: Pápai  source: facebook Takács István

above: NoHigher! World famous Hungarian model Ms. Mihalik Enikő as most important JTAC - Joy Terminal Amor Client in military fashion.

above: NEW++! MedRes! I: Juci'bácsi looks into Air Defense Arty binocular TZK - Tyuba Zenhitnaya Komandhirovka (Tábori Zöldkukker) position similar to FAC, near to Veszprém city, at Várpalota Firerange - Hajmáskér "0-Point" sector occasion of Mi-24s live firing exercise ~2010
above: MedRes! The Mihalik's photographer?
aboveNEWMedRes! Hu. Retro advert: Tóth Adrienn supermodel with "Kiev" photo tripod

NEW+above: NoHigher! Normal conventional targeting telescope   below: HiRes! HuDF live shooting targeting telescope  source:

above: NEW! NoHigher! Chromed beauty WW-Two Japanese Maritime Telescope

above: NEW! HiRes! Cyrillic text Cutaway of telescope
above: NoHigher! Civilian handle LASER Rangefinder for Hunting
above: MedRes! Telemetre de Golf
above: MedRes! Comparison of technical parameters of the F-16 and MiG-29
above: HiRes! G.D. /L.M. F-16 Block IV "Desert Falcon" komponovka shema chertesy

 above: NoHigher! General Dinamics/Lockheed Martin F-16 Block-IV ''Desert Falcon'

 above & below: NEW! HiRes! F-16 BlockIV Leslie Angyal László "AVIATOR" IAF collection
NEW++MedRes! HuAF delegation at Balgian Air Force HQ Bruxelles. 1999. summer four days long: BAF's Base Florennes due BAF/NAF common operated F-16s in rent (first negotation) its for HuAF, before "Gripen" treaty/engagement. from Left: Head Ops. Lt.Col. Juci'bácsi delegation leader from HDF Bakony Combat heli. Regt. Szentkirályszabadja HB, from HuAF-HQ Veszprém: Maj. Gerőfi Szilárd comm. & electronic expert, Capt. Szűcs Lórándt HQ Mi-24's Pilot Training Inspector. - Küldöttség a közös üzemelésű F-16-osok bérléséről a Belga és Holland légierőtől első tárgyalás még a Gripen szerződés előtt.  also Courtesy FREE!
above: NoHigher! De. text. F-16 cockpit  
above: MedRes! F-16 longitudinal cross section
above: MedRes! US Integrated Strike Mission - Egyesített Csapásmérő Küldetés/Feladat
above: MedRes! FACP, JTAC - ERIP precaution mix of later theme
above: NoHigher! NAVY McDonnell Douglas A-4 "Skyhawk" bombing practice
above: NoHigher! Methods of Bomb release (Soviet VVS)
above: NoHigher! "Paveway" loft dropping maneuver   below: NEW+! MedRes! profiles

above: Grumman A-6 "Intruder" from US. NAVY: Left: MedRes! William Phillips  going in 'Hot'   Right: MedResBig! A-6E "Intruder" releasing a GBU "Walleye-II" guided bomb.
above: HiRes! Grumman A-6 "Intruder" Komponovka

above: NoHigher! "Board Boss" before A-6 NAVY "Intruder" on the Sea - Air & Space museal 'Essex' class AC Carrier 'USN USS CV-11  "Intrepid" in New York City.   Pinterest

above: NoHigher! Close Air Support in Afhganistan   photo: USAF

Forward air control FAC is the provision of guidance to close air support (CAS) aircraft intended to ensure that their attack hits the intended target and does not injure friendly troops. This task is carried out by a forward air controller (FAC).
A primary forward air control function is ensuring the safety of friendly troops during close air support. Enemy targets in the front line FEBA ("Forward Edge of the Battle Area" in US terminology) are often close to friendly forces and therefore friendly forces are at risk of friendly fire through proximity during air attack. The danger is twofold: the bombing pilot cannot identify the target clearly, and is not aware of the locations of friendly forces. Camouflage, a constantly changing situation and the fog of war all increase the risk. Present day doctrine holds that Forward Air Controllers (FACs) are not needed for air interdiction, although there has been such use of FACs in the past. A secondary concern of forward air controllers is the avoidance of harm to noncombatants in the strike area.
Early air ground support efforts:
Even as close air support began during World War I, there were pioneer attempts to direct the trench strafing by the ground troops marking their positions by laying out signal panels on the ground, firing flares, or lighting smoke signals. Aircrews had difficulty communicating with the ground troops; they would drop messages or use messenger pigeons. Benno Fiala von Fernbrugg, an Austro-Hungarian pilot, pioneered the use of radio for fire control; at the Battle of Gorlice he used a radio transmitter in his airplane to send changes via morse code to an artillery battery on the ground. Colonel Billy Mitchell also equipped his Spad XVI command airplane with a radio, and the Germans experimented with radios in their Junkers J.I all-metal-structure, armored-fuselage sesquiplanes.

The Marines in the so-called Banana Republic wars of the 1920s and 1930s used Curtiss Falcons and Vought Corsairs that were equipped with radios powered by airstream-driven generators, with a range of up to 50 miles. Another method of communication was for the pilot to drop messages in a weighted container, and to swoop in and pick up messages hung out by ground troops on a "clothesline" between poles. The objective was aerial reconnaissance and air attack. Using these various methods, the Marine pilots combined the functions of both FAC and strike aircraft, as they carried out their own air attacks on the Sandinistas in Nicaragua in 1927. The commonality of pilots and ground troops belonging to the same service led to a close air support role similar to that sought by use of FACs, without the actual use of a FAC. On 27 October 1927, a Marine patrol used cloth panels to direct an air strike—arguably the first forward air control mission. This distinctive U.S. Marine doctrine of interaction between Marine infantry and aviation would persist, recurring in the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

French colonial operations in the Rif War from 1920–1926 used air power similarly to the Marines in Nicaragua against the Sandinistas but in a different environment, the desert. The French Mobile Groups of combined arms not only used aircraft for scouting and air attack; the airplanes carried trained artillery officers as observers. These aerial observers called in artillery fire via radio.

The German military noted close air support operations in the Spanish Civil War and decided to develop its forward air control capability. By 1939, they had forward air control teams called Ground Attack Teams attached to every headquarters from regiment level upwards. These Teams directed air strikes flown by Luftwaffeclose air support units. Extensive coordinated training by air and ground troops had raised this system to state of the art by the beginning of World War II.

When the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was founded on 20 June 1941, it included provisions for Air Ground Control Parties to serve with the United States Army at the division, corps, and Army headquarters. The Air Ground Control Parties functions were to regulate bombing and artillery in close conjunction with the ground troops, as well as assess bomb damage. They were thus the first of similar units to try to fulfill the functions of the FAC without being airborne. However, these units were often plagued by turf wars and cumbersome communications between the respective armies and air forces involved. As a result, it could take hours for an air strike requested by ground troops to actually show up. ...

above: MedRes! RAF Regiment Forward Air Controllers from the Air Land Integration Cell, based at RAF Honington, guide a Typhoon from 6 Squadron onto their target at the Cape Wrath practice range in Scotland. source: wikipedia
In British Army usage, a Fire Support Team (FST) is responsible for directing artillery fire and close air support (ground attack by attack aircraft) onto enemy positions. The term FST replaced the previous name of Forward Observation Party and reflects the inclusion of fires other than artillery into their control.
The FST can comprise six people:
- A FST Commander
- The Team 2IC (second in command) - known as an Ack.
- A Forward Air Controller to terminally control Close Air Support (CAS) and manage airspace.
- Signallers
- Drivers
above: MedRes! A very calm lazy female Controller on other side
above: MedRes! "Kukk to FAC object & Moon LLDR Northrop-Grumman AN/PED-2nd Brigade Combat Team Soldiers compete for Best Fire Support Team of Army   photo: ARMY

above: MedRes! SACi - #Steampunk Ancient Airspace Coordinator   painting   Pinterest

above: NEW! NoHigher! #Victorian age's Forward Air Controller as Steampunk  facebook

above: NoHigher! A-10 Airspace Coordination - Légtér Koordináció

above: NoHigher! NATO/Western Map Symbols - Törzsszolgálati Térképjelek

above: Juci'bá's brainstorming - agyfingás séróbólNoHigher! Hu. text: A Magyar Államhatalmi Rendszer és a Fegyveres Erők - Testületek felépítése összetevői, Haderőnemek, Fegyvernemek és Szakcsapatok az MH-ban. Na mi maradt ki?  also FREE!

aboveHiRes! Hu. text: Általános haditechnikai ismeretek  FREE! Csak tanuljátok meg!
The Tactical Air Control Party, commonly abbreviated TACP, is a small team of Air Force or Marine personnel who provide airspace deconfliction and terminal control of close air support at battle group level or below. It usually consists of an officer Forward Air Controller (FAC), a senior non-commissioned officer (SNCO) FAC and usually a pair of signallers/drivers.
A USAF TACP is usually a team of two or more United States Air Force enlisted TACP journeymen or craftsmen (AFSC 1C4X1) aligned with a conventional or special operational United States Army combat maneuver unit to advise ground commanders on the best use of air power, establish and maintain command and control communications, and provide precision terminal attack guidance of U.S. and coalition fixed-wing and rotary-wing close air support aircraft, artillery, and naval gunfire. A TACP always includes at least one Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) qualified to control attack aircraft. It can also include an Air Liaison Officer (ALO), an Air Force commissioned officer who is typically aeronautically rated as a pilot or navigator/combat systems officer in fighter or attack aircraft who is often JTAC qualified and serves in a senior advisor capacity. As of 2009 the TACP career field has created a full time TACP officer, the 13L. The 13L is also known as a Tactical Air Control Officer (TACO) and if JTAC qualified they are known as a JTACO. JTAC teams are primarily stationed with and support Army combat units.
Marine Corps FAC:
Traditional Marine Corps infantry battalions each have a Forward Air Controller (FAC), who is a Marine Corps Naval Aviator or Naval Flight Officer acting liaison between their fighter/attack jets and/or attack helicopters and the infantry battalion. A Marine Corps FAC (7502 MOS) is commonly referred to as the Air Officer. Underneath him, he has two other FACs and three Joint Terminal Attack Controllers (JTACs – 8002 MOS). Ideally the three FACs (including the Air Officer) come from three different aviation backgrounds: one tactical jet pilot or NFO (F/A-18 or AV-8B), one tactical helicopter pilot (AH-1W or UH-1Y), and one assault support pilot (CH-46, CH-53, KC-130 or MV-22). Ideally, the three JTACs come from an artillery background (Forward Observer – 0861 MOS). In addition to the three FACs and three JTACs, the infantry battalion also has eight Joint Fires Observers (JFOs) distributed among the rifle companies.
above: MedRes! PanAvia MRCA "Tornado" IDS strike version (Multi-Role Combat Aircraft - Interdiction Strike - Többfeladatú Harci Repülőgép - Elszigetelő (vbo.) változat van még ADV
above: NEW+! HiRes! Hu. text labels. PANAVIA TORNADO csapásmérő vbo. repülőgép.
above: NoHigher! Painting: RAF Blackburn 'Buccaneer' S.2-B and a PANAVIA 'Tornado' IDS attacking with GBU "Paveway" bombs Iraqi Positions in the First Gulf War 1991. painter: Hardy
above: MedRes! JTAC during fire control   source: US ARMY

above: MedRes! "The other side of the opposit hill": #California, #Los Angeles, #Beverly Hills - Hollywood emblem on the slope if hill and it's top the communication antennes. #Cosplay: Tallis   source:

above: NoHigher! Hollywood film; Lily Bell: ancient Surveyor in movie "Hell on Wheels" Wiki

above: NoHigher! Vintage brass Theodolite from late 1880's Ancient optic of LLDRs  Google
above: NEW+! MedRes! The vintage signal & search reflector by Skinner

NEWNoHigher! above: Victoria's era - korabeli FAC Steampunk lady girl: make this for Rashida so badly.  source: facebook steamunk group    below: K.u.K. Albatros D III

above: NoHigher! 49M Swiss Made Rangefinder Stopwatch - Hungarian Home Defence Forces - Honvédség 49M Távmérő óra  1950's  with wind correction table on back.  source: Haditechnika
above: MedRes! Swiss HEUER "Carrera" Calibre 18 with 'Telemeter' dial for Observers  Pint

above: MedRes! Hollywood starring: Jennifer Lawrence, Radiant as fire itself. District 12's victor Quarter Quell - Katniss Everdeen   Pinterest

Jennifer Shrader Lawrence (born August 15, 1990) is an American actress. Born and raised in Louisville, Kentucky, she was spotted by a talent scout in New York City at the age of 14. She soon moved to Los Angeles and began her acting career by playing guest roles in television shows. Her first major role came as a main cast member on the sitcom The Bill Engvall Show (2007–09). She made her film debut with a supporting role in Garden Party (2008), following which she had her breakthrough with the acclaimed role of a poverty-stricken teenager in the independent drama Winter's Bone (2010).  ...
Four pics: HiRes! by Saudia cargo B-747 capt. Hu. Szüle Zsolt: Danish AF F-16 in museum facebook

above: HiRes! DAF F-16 "Fighting falcon"s muzzle of M60 20 mm six barrel "Gatling" cannon
above: MedRes! Fantasy artwork: Precision Delivery to Teheran by MDD F-15 Strike Eagles source: Pinterest
F-15 "Eagle":
above: NoHigh! Fairchild A-10 after delivery bomb  source:
above: NoHigher! AGM-65 "Maverick" Guided Missile - Irányított L-F Rakéta
above: NEW! MedRes! CAS firing: Launches of "Maverick" over firing range   source: facebook -
above: MedRes! A-10 "Warthog" after GAU-8 fireattack  source:
above: MedRes! Soviet Tanks: The A-10 born for ballancing the Soviet & WP Tanks supremacy in Cold War era early 1980's
above: HiRes! Fairchild A-10 'Thunderbolt-II' "Warthog" during firehit with GAU-8 'Avenger'
The Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II is a single seat, twin turbofan engine, straight wing jet aircraftdeveloped by Fairchild-Republic for the United States Air Force. Commonly referred to by its nicknames"Warthog" or "Hog", its official name comes from the Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, a fighter particularly effective at close air support. The A-10 was designed for close-in support of ground troops, close air support (CAS), providing quick-action support for troops against helicopters, vehicles, and ground troops. It entered service in 1976 and is the only production-built aircraft that has served in the USAF that was designed solely for CAS. Its secondary mission is to provide forward air controller – airborne (FAC-A) support, by directing other aircraft in attacks on ground targets. Aircraft used primarily in this role are designated OA-10.  ...

above: NoHigher! The GAU-8 "Avenger" seven barrels 'Gatling' system cannon beside VW "Bug"

above: MedRes! GAU-8 AP shells impacts in to M48 "General Patton" MBT armor target  Pinterest
above: HiRes! GE M61A1 20mm six barrell "Gatling" system cannon of MDD F-4E "Phantom II"
 above: NoHigher! Douglas AC-47 "Spooky" equipped 7,62 mm "Minigun"s
The Douglas AC-47 Spooky (also nicknamed "Puff, the Magic Dragon") was the first in a series of gunshipsdeveloped by the United States Air Force during the Vietnam War. It was designed to provide more firepower than light and medium ground-attack aircraft in certain situations when ground forces called for close air support.  ...
above: NoHigher! Lockheed AC-130H "Spectre" with: M102 105 mm howitzer, 40 mm 'Bofors' L40, Two 20 mm 'Gatling'/ or upgraded GD GAU-12 "Equalizer" & FLIR-TV sight
The Lockheed AC-130 gunship is a heavily armed, long-endurance ground-attack variant of the C-130 Herculestransport fixed-wing aircraft. It carries a wide array of anti-ground oriented weapons that are integrated with sophisticated sensors, navigation, and fire-control systems. Unlike other military fixed-wing aircraft, the AC-130 relies on visual targeting. Because its large profile and low operating altitudes (around 7,000 ft) make it an easy target, it usually flies close air support missions at night. ...
NoHigher! above: 105 mm Howitzer - Tarack     below:  GAU-12-U 25 mm "Equalizer"

above: NEW! NoHigher! She is a 'Gatling' "Minigun" blonde moving operator  Pinterest

The General Dynamics GAU-12/U Equalizer is a five-barrel 25 mm Gatling-type rotary cannon. The GAU-12/U is used by the United States, Italy and Spain, which mount the weapon in their fighter jets such as the AV-8B Harrier II, airborne gunships such as the Lockheed AC-130, and land-based fighting vehicles.  ...
above: AC-130 method of mass fire supression of from single side
above: NoHigher! Target circle - Célkör: Fruitvale-Station Actress Melonie Diaz -Vanity Fair
above: MedRes! ATAF CAS Attack Mission by A-10  source: Hu. PPS ZMKA
above: NoHigh! One of my favorite combat jet-plane   USAF

above: NoHigher! Swiss Breitling-Navitimer Chronometer World White Dial Watch  Pinterest
above: Strike Aircraft - Támadó Repülőgépek osztályozása
aboveNoHigh! 750 px. Juci'bacsi's created sheet of Attack Aircraft category of place - For A-10 post by own mind from My brain. Also Courtesy FREE! - A Támadó/Csatarepülőgépek kategória helye diagram - Saját kútfős alkotás/kreálmány az A-10 poszthoz.
above: NEW+! MedRes! WW-Two: Ilyushin IL-2 "Shturmovik" -  Штурмови́к — боевой летательный аппарат (самолёт или вертолёт), относящийся к штурмовой авиации и предназначенный для непосредственной поддержки сухопутных войск над полем боя, а также для прицельного поражения наземных и морских целей.  source:
Hu. text: Az Il–2 Sturmovik (i-L-kettő oroszul: Ил–2, sturmovik = rohamozó) a második világháborúban, majd az azt követő években használt szovjet csatarepülőgép, amelyet a Szergej Iljusin (OKB) vezetése alatt álló Központi Tervezőirodában (CKB) fejlesztettek ki az 1930-as évek második felében. Első prototípusa BS–2 típusjellel (gyári jelzése: CKB–55) 1939. október 2-án emelkedett először a levegőbe Vlagyimir Kokkinaki berepülőpilótával a fedélzetén. Továbbfejlesztett változata az 1944-ben megjelent Il–10.  ...  Wikipedia
aboveNEW+MedRes! Junkers JU 87 "Stuka" (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") was a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft. Designed by Hermann Pohlmann, it first flew in 1935. The Ju 87 made its combat debut in 1937 with the Luftwaffe's Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War. It served the Axis forces in World War II.  ...  wikipedia.Junkers_Ju_87
above: NEW+! Juci'bácsi's coll. from 1967. HuModellezés Magazin of MHSz:HiRes! My best favourite CASA: Postwar 1950-1960's Douglas A-1 'Skyraider' - "Sandy" for CSAR action. FREE!
above: NEW+! HiResTerry Richardson with Douglas AD-1 "Skyraider" on the Sea - Air & Space museal 'Essex' class AC Carrier 'USN USS CV-11  "Intrepid" in New York City.  source: Google  Collector: Bányiczki Zoltán

 above: MedRes! ОКБ П. О. Сухого Су-25 «Грач» - Sukhoi Su-25 - Szuhoj Szu-25 "Frogfoot"

The Sukhoi Su-25 "Grach" (Russian: "Грач", meaning rook, gracs varjú; NATO reporting name: "Frogfoot") is a single-seat, twin-engine jet aircraft developed in the Soviet Union by the Sukhoi Design Bureau. It was designed to provideclose air support for the Soviet Ground Forces. The first prototype made its maiden flight on 22 February 1975. After testing, the aircraft went into series production in 1978 at Tbilisi in the Soviet Republic of Georgia.
Early variants included the Su-25UB two-seat trainer, the Su-25BM for target-towing, and the Su-25K for export customers. Some aircraft were being upgraded to Su-25SM standard in 2012. The Su-25T and the Su-25TM (also known as the Su-39) were further developments, not produced in significant numbers. The Su-25, and theSu-34, were the only armoured, fixed-wing aircraft in production in 2007. Su-25s are in service with Russia, other CIS states, and export customers.

The type has seen combat in several conflicts during its more than 30 years in service. It was heavily involved in the Soviet war in Afghanistan, flying counter-insurgency missions against the Mujahideen. The Iraqi Air Forceemployed Su-25s against Iran during the 1980–88 Iran–Iraq War. Most were later destroyed or flown to Iran in the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Abkhazian separatists used Su-25s during the Abkhazian War from 1992 to 1993. The Macedonian Air Force used Su-25s against Albanian insurgents in the 2001 Macedonia conflict and, in 2008, Georgia and Russia both used Su-25s in the Russo-Georgian War. African states, including the Ivory Coast, Chad, and Sudan have used the Su-25 in local insurgencies and civil wars. Recently the Su-25 has seen service in the Russian intervention in the Syrian Civil War. ...
HiRes! above: subsonic Su-25 cutaway drawing key
MH17 Malaysian B-777 - Su-25:
above: NEW! HiRes! Tree-frog - Leveli béka   source:

above: NEW! NoHigher! #Greenpeace target - Tree-girl - Leveli nő  source:

above: NEW+!  NoHigher! HuAF MLE early 1950's Iljusin IL-10 'Sturmovik' "Panther - Párduc" (Hu. nickname) battle acf. - csatarepülőgép a Tapolca-i csare.ho. állományában.  source: facebook; Bárdi László: Képek a felszabadulás utáni magyar katonai repülésről'.   below: NoHigher! "Top Gun" Hu. magazine early 1990's  HuAF machine pair of IL-10 géppár

above: NoHigher! Ilyushin IL-102 subsonic battle acf. proto   below: NoHihger! SU A-G Missiles
above: HiRes! Sukhoi Su-22M4 "Fitter-K" supersonic Recce Bomber/Fighter
Su-25 maquette scale 1:48?: above: MedRes!   below: MedRes!   bottom: MedRes!

aboveMedRes! Russian Sukhoi Su-25's "Frogfoot" ladder use by Veteran's Wife "Ladyfoot".
"Original Close Support"
above: MedRes!     below: MedRes! Su-25 cockpit  source: Tankasan
aboveNoHigher! After and She like goes out fom cockpit - és így szállt ki a pilótafülkéből  Pint

above: NEW++! NoHigher! modelle Gisele Bündchen investigates after strike at target area

Gisele Caroline Bündchen (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒiˈzɛli kaɾoˈlini ˈbĩtʃẽj], German pronunciation: [ɡiˈzɛlə kaʁoˈliːnə ˈbʏntçn̩]; born 20 July 1980) is a Brazilian fashion model and actress. Since 2004, Bündchen has been among the highest-paid models in the world, and as of 2007 was the 16th richest woman in the entertainment industry. In 2012, she placed 1st on the Forbestop-earning models list. In 2014, she was listed as the 89th Most Powerful Woman in the World by Forbes.  ...

above: NEW! MedRes! Red suit actress Penelope Cruz tames a "Gracs"-"Crow/Raven" in hotel room with a glass of Campari - Varjú/Holló-idomítás vöröscuccban a Hotelszobában egy pohár kámpárival.  source: Google open galerie

Penélope Cruz Sánchez (Spanish pronunciation: [peˈnelope kɾuθ ˈsantʃeθ]; born 28 April 1974) is a Spanish actress and model. Signed by an agent at age 15, she made her acting debut at 16 on television and her feature film debut the following year in Jamón, jamón (1992) to critical acclaim. Her subsequent roles in the 1990s and 2000s included Open Your Eyes (1997), The Hi-Lo Country (1999), The Girl of Your Dreams (2000) and Woman on Top (2000). Cruz achieved recognition for her lead roles in the 2001 films Vanilla Sky, All the Pretty Horses, Captain Corelli's Mandolin and Blow.  ...
above: MedRes! Indian Air Force: MiG-27 "Flogger-D" Avionics developing
NEW++! RAF: above: MedRes! Harrier GR.9    below: HiRes! GR.3 conventional cockpit  Pint

NEW++! Juci'ba's collect: above: NoHigher! Harrier english 'Ferranti' PPI - Plan Position Indicator (Moving Map) in the Inertial Navigation INS & Attack System - Tehetetlenségi (Pörgettyűs, Accelerométeres) rendszer    below Two: Juci'bacsi's scan collect from Aviazione & INTERAVIA early 1980's: MedRes! Hawker Siddeley /BAE P-1154 "Harrier" cockpit & 'Ferranti' Avionics

Ferranti or Ferranti International plc was a UK electrical engineering and equipment firm that operated for over a century from 1885 until it went bankrupt in 1993 (the Belgian subsidiary lives on as Ferranti Computer Systems and is now part of the Nijkerk Holding). Known primarily for defence electronics, the company was once a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index.
The firm was known for work in the area of power grid systems and defence electronics. In addition, in 1951 Ferranti began selling the first commercially available computer, the Ferranti Mark 1.  ...

above: NEW+! HiRes! British Aerospace "Harrier" GR Mk5 cutaway by Keith Fretwell  Pinterest

above: NEWMedRes! Juci'bacsi's collect: Aviazione late 1980's  BAE-SAAB JAS-39 "Gripen"

above: HiRes! former Yugoslavian & Rumanian (socialist) SOKO - IAR J22/IAR93 "Orao" - "Eagle" Light Attack subsonic aircraft  Serbian Military Forum
Hu. text: A J–22 Orao (sas) az 1970-es évek jugoszláv-román fejlesztésű transzszonikus csapásmérő és felderítő repülőgépe, melyet a mostari SOKO repülőgépgyár gyártott. Exportja a nemzetközi érdeklődés hiánya miatt elmaradt, a román repülőgépek az 1990-es évek végéig álltak rendszerben, a Szerb Légierőben néhány példánya még hadrendben áll. Romániában gyártott változata a IAR 93.
Hr. text: SOKO -Mostar- J-22 Orao je jurišni zrakoplov jugoslavenske proizvodnje koji je izrastao u 1970-tim godinama iz kooperativnog projekta između SFR Jugoslavije i Rumunjske zvano JUROM. 
above: NEW++! MedRes! Czech 'Aero Vozdochody' L-159 "Alca" (Advanced Light Combat Aircraft) Trainer & Light CAS  photo: Kizmus Szabolcs had. at ILA 2016. Berlin
Cz. text: Aero L-159 ALCA (Advanced Light Combat Aircraft) je jednomístný jednomotorový víceúčelový lehký bojový podzvukový letoun. Dvoumístné varianty L-159T1 a L-159B jsou primárně určeny pro výcvik a kondiční létání pilotů, sekundárně mohou působit jako víceúčelové lehké bojové letouny.
Letoun je vybaven pro bojovou činnost proti pozemním i vzdušným cílům a je schopen plnění bojových úkolů ve dne, v noci a za ztížených povětrnostních podmínek. Hlavním určením letounu je přímá letecká podpora. Je rovněž schopen vedení taktického vzdušného průzkumu a vzdušného boje na krátkou vzdálenost. Druhotným určením letounu je plnění výcvikových úloh při přechodu na plnohodnotné bojové letouny (tzv. lead-in-fighter training) a rovněž výcvik v použití zbraňově-navigačního kompletu a samotných zbraní.  ...
above & below: HiRes! Juci'bacsi's scan from Flieger Revue ~1998': Advanced Jet-Trainer - De. text: Strahltrainer Jakowlew Jak-130 - Haladó Sugárhajtású Kiképző/Gyakorló repgép   below: NoHigh!
above: MedRes! Yakovlev Yak-130 Trainer-Combat acf.  source: Minoborony Rossyy
above: MedRes! Diagram of Air Strike Capabilities
above: MedRes! Northrop-Grumman B-2 "Spirit" stealth strike - bomber
above: NEW++! MedRes! Rockwell B-1B "Lancer" Supersonic Wingstep Strategics Bomber   photo: Hu. Veszprém, Kizmus Szabolcs had in ILA Berlin 2016.
 above: MedRes! Italian & Brazilian coproduction made AMX Light Attack Subsonic Aircraft
 above: HiRes! Brasil AF AMX Ground Attack Aircraft
 above & below: NoHigher! Armament & Locator variation & Cutaway 
En. text: The AMX International AMX is a ground-attack aircraft for battlefield interdiction, close air support andreconnaissance missions. As a result of a memorandum between Italy and Brazil for the type's joint development in 1981, AMX International, an Italian-Brazilian joint venture, was formed to develop, manufacture, and market the aircraft. The AMX is designated A-11 Ghibli by the Italian Air Force and A-1 by the Brazilian Air Force.
The AMX is capable of operating at high subsonic speed and low altitude, by day or night, and if necessary, from bases with poorly equipped or damaged runways. It possesses a low infrared (IR) signature and a reduced radar-equivalent cross-section to help prevent detection, while low vulnerability of structure and systems aid survivability and a compliment of integrated electronic countermeasures (ECM), air-to-air missilesand nose-mounted guns provide self-defence capabilities. 
It. text: L’AMX International AMX (denominato Ghibli nell'Aeronautica Militare Italiana); è un aereo da attacco al suolomonomotore a getto ad ala alta a freccia prodotto in Italia e Brasile dagli anni ottanta ed ancora in attività. Nato a seguito di un requisito dell'Aeronautica Militare e della Força Aérea Brasileira per un aereo da appoggio tattico (CAS, Close Air Support), e per le specifiche italiane, risulta il naturale sostituto del G-91Y. È stato acquisito dall'Aeronautica Militare in 110 esemplari, insieme con 26 esemplari biposto (AMX-T). La produzione è stata distribuita tra Aeritalia (46,5%), Aermacchi (23,8%) ed Embraer (29,7%), con lo sviluppo di 6 prototipi.

Port. text (Brazil): O AMX A-1, ou simplesmente AMX é um avião de ataque ar-superfície usado para missões de interdição,apoio aéreo aproximado e reconhecimento aéreo. Foi desenvolvido pelo consórcio internacional AMX Internacional. Na Força Aérea Brasileira, ele é designado A-1 (A-1A para a versão monoplace e A-1B para a versão de dois lugares). Com a modernização o A-1 passa a incorporar o M em sua designação na FAB, tornando-se então A-1M. Na Itália, ele tem o apelido de "Ghibli". O AMX é capaz de operar em altas velocidades subsônicas a baixa altitude, tanto de dia quanto de noite, e se necessário, a partir de bases pouco equipadas ou com pistas danificadas. O caça conta com relativamente baixa assinatura em infravermelho e reduzida secção frontal ao radar, para melhorar seu percentual de sucesso nas missões. A auto-defesa é proporcionada por mísseis ar-ar, canhões integrados e sistemas decontramedidas eletrônicas. 

Hu. text: Az AMX (A Brazil Légierőben A–1) negyedik generációs, szubszonikus, könnyű vadászbombázó repülőgép, melyet nemzetközi kooperációban Olaszország és Brazília közösen fejlesztett ki az 1980-as évek végére. Az Olasz Légierőben a G.91 Ginát váltotta le. A viszonylag kis mennyiségben legyártott repülőgépet nem exportálták, a gyártó országokban napjainkban is hadrendben áll. A főként közvetlen légitámogató és felderítő bevetésekre tervezett típussal olasz részről 252 bevetést repültek az Allied Force hadműveletben Koszovó felett, veszteség nélkül.
above: HiRes! Jucibacsi's 'Praktica'-MTL photo: AMX Istrana 51st Stormo "Caccia" CSBM 1992.
above: NoHigher! Cessna O-2 "Skymaster" CAS Observer FAC
The Cessna O-2 Skymaster (nicknamed "Oscar Deuce") is a military version of the Cessna 337 Super Skymaster, used for forward air control (FAC) and psychological operations (PSYOPS) by the US military between 1967 and 2010. In 1966 the United States Air Force (USAF) commissioned Cessna to build a military variant to replace the O-1 Bird Dog and the O-2 resulted.
above: NEW! NoHigher! FFAC Cessna O-2 "Skymaster" in Vietnam during rocket marker for USAF's Douglas F-4 "Phantom"  pics: Willie Peter
 above & below: NoHigher! North American Rockwell OV-10 "Bronco" - "be nem tört ló"
En. text: The North American Rockwell OV-10 Bronco is an American turboprop light attack and observation aircraft. It was developed in the 1960s as a special aircraft for counter-insurgency (COIN) combat, and one of its primary missions was as a forward air control (FAC) aircraft. It can carry up to three tons of external munitions, internal loads such as paratroopers or stretchers, and can loiter for three or more hours.
Hu. text: Az 1960-as évek elején az Amerikai Egyesült Államok Tengerészgyalogsága (USMC) egy, a felkelők elleni harcra tervezett (COIN) repülőgépet igényelt, ami egy új repülőgépfajta, a könnyű fegyveres felderítő repülőgép (LARA) megalkotását eredményezte. A beszerzésre kiírt versenytárgyalást a North American NA–300 tervezete nyerte az 1964. év augusztusi eredményhirdetésén.
Az előszerződésben hét prototípust rendeltek YOV–10A jelzéssel, melyek közül az első 1965. július 16-án hajtotta végre az első felszállást. Meghajtásáról két 492 kW (660 LE) Garrett T76 turbólégcsavaros hajtómű gondoskodott, a fejlesztési vizsgálatok során több hiányosság is felmerült. A hibák javítása során újratervezték a hajtómű gondolákat és odébb is helyezték a pilótafülkében fellépő zaj csökkentése érdekében, a szárnyak fesztávolságát ezért 3,05 méterrel megnövelték. Az átépített új prototípus 1966. augusztus 15-én szállt fel, a hetedik prototípus pedig alternatív megoldásként Pratt & Whitney Canada T74-es (PT6A katonai típus jele) hajtóműveket kapott az összehasonlításhoz.
A gépet különleges kialakítás jellemzi. A felső, állandó húrtényezőjű szárnyaival, a két, hajtómű gondoláktól a vízszintes vezérsíkig nyúló, függőleges vezérsíkban végződő faroktartójával semmi más géppel össze nem téveszthető alakja van. A karcsú törzsben a kétfős személyzet tandem elrendezésben foglal helyet.
- OV–10A: A Tengerészgyalogság számára épített 114 gép jele melyek közül az elsőket 1967. augusztus 6-án állították szolgálatba. A típussal a könnyű fegyveres felderítés mellett előrevetett légi irányításra és helikopterkísérésre használta. A légierő 157 gépet rendelt hasonló feladatkörre, mint a Tengerészgyalogság.
- OV–10B: Németország számára gyártott légicéltárgy-vontatónak 6 példányban. Hasonló kialakításban, mint az OV–10A.
- OV–10B(Z): u.a., mint az OV–10B annyi eltéréssel, hogy erősebb, 1338 kp tolóerejű General Electric J85–GE–4típus jelű, szárny feletti gázturbinás hajtóművel. 12 elkészült típussal.
- OV–10C: 40 darab gép az OV–10A alapján a Thai Királyi Légierőnek
- OV–10E: 16 darab a Venezuelai Légierő számára (lásd OV–10C)
- OV–10F: 16 darab az Indonéz Légierőnek (lásd OV–10C)
 above: NoHigher! Original Industrial drawing:
 NEW! aboveMedRes! Missions capabilities   below Three: HiRes! Cockpit arrangement

above: NoHigher! Recoilles Gun Install - HSN - Hátrasikás Nélküli löveg/ágyú beszerelése
above: HiRes! OV-10 cutaway - shema Cyrillic text
above: NEW+! HiRes! Juci'bacsi's coll: Similar cutaway than OV-10 from Hu. book: eng. Vass Balázs: 'Aircraft & Rotorcraft types' Tchnician Publisher, Budapest 1968. also Courtesy FREE!

belowMedRes! Diagram of StandOff mission

above: NEW! HiRes! U.S. Marine Corps -USMC- Improved OV-10 NOS

above: NoHigher! Made in Argentina, FMA IA.58 "Pucará" COIN turboprop
Es. text: El IA-58 Pucará (en quechua, «fortaleza») es un bimotor turbohélice de diseño y construcción argentina(designación Fábrica Militar de Aviones).
Está diseñado para operar en pequeñas, y no necesariamente preparadas, pistas de tierra, en posiciones de combate adelantadas. Su misión primordial es la de apoyo a tierra, antihelicópteros y especialmente misionescontrainsurgencia (COIN). Esta aeronave es inusual debido a su cabina en tándem en un bimotor a hélice, sin embargo, comparte similitudes con el OV-10 Bronco estadounidense.
Participó activamente en la Guerra de las Malvinas, siendo utilizado por la Fuerza Aérea Argentina para misiones de apoyo aéreo cercano a fuerzas del Ejercito Argentino, como también para el ataque de campamentos y helicópteros ingleses. También fue utilizado en combate contrainsurgente por la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana y por la Fuerza Aérea de Sri Lanka.

above: HiRes! Fuerza Aerea Argentina - Argentina Air Force FMA IA.58A #Pucara Lofting wiki

above: NoHigh! OA-10 OCAS
above: MedRes! OA-10   source: Wings palette:
above: NEW+! NoHigher! The Hungarian amateaur mistery design plan for Attack acf.
 above: A-10 payload and range
below: A-10 weapons
above: NoHigher! ATAF A-10 CAS Mission    source: Hu. PPS ZMKA
 NEW+aboveNoHigher! Profile of  Close Air Support Mission
 above: HiRes! A-10 during AAR action from KC-135   source: USAF
 above: HiRes! A-10 simulator HUD  source:

above: MedRes! Swiss Geneva URWERK MP UR110RG

Urwerk is a Swiss watch manufacturer.: Felix Baumgartner and Martin Frei build exceptional watches in a yet unseen avant-garde style under the brand name Urwerk. They have attracted large attention right away. Baumgartner was born 1975 in Schaffhausen into a family with a long tradition of watchmaking. He is a member of the prestigious watch artist association AHCI. Martin Frei was born in 1966 in Winterthur and is graphic designer, designer and artist. The first watch that they created together was a job for the luxury watch manufacturer Harry Winston.The models of Urwerk are all priced in the upper range of luxury watches.  ...
above: CAS - Közeli Légitámogatás, BAI - Harcmező Légi Elszigetelés, AI - Légi Elszigetelés, TSAR - Harcászati Légimegfigyelés és Felderítés. xxx = Corps - Hadtest Hdt., FLOT - Forward Line of Own Troops - Saját Csapatok Első (Harcérintkezési) Vonala, FSCL - Fire Support Coordination Line - Tűztámogatás Koordinációs Vonal   To Right the Enemy's deep - Jobbra az ellg. mélysége
above: HIDACZ - Nagyforgalmú/-sűrűségű Légtér Irányítási Zóna  NFLIZ
 above: LLTR - Kismagasságú Áttérési Úrtvonal KÁÚ
above: Air Corridor & Air Axis - Légifolyosók és Légi Tengelyek   ZMNE/
above: NoHigher! Coordinating Altitude (Level)    source: Hu. PPS ZMKA/Globalsecurity
A-10 flying Formations: above: NoHigher!   below: MedRes!   source: Hu. Pdf. RTI

above: NEW! NoHigher! Military JTAC's style order of formation of pigeons - Madáretetés

 MedRes! above: Attack with AGM-65 "Maverick" YP - Upravhlenie Raketa - Rocket    below: A-10 attack profile
above: NoHigh! A-10 "Warthog" delivers to enemy tanks   source:
above: MedRes! A-10 BGM "Pave Penny" attack scenario: The AAS-38 Pave Penny pod, standart equipment on the A-10, is able to acquire targets designated ba laser-equipped forward air controllers FAC. The pod detects the reflected radiation and indicates the target on the pilot's HUD, enabling the pilot to manoeuvre for an attack.

aboveMedRes! The view of battlefield landscape in exercise time with MBT T-72
above: NEW++! NoHigher! Hu. text: The Threats to moderne Tank   source: Google
above Three: NoHigher!: Cyrillic: UAB - Laser Guided Bomb
below: "Штора-1" — комплекс электронно-оптической активной защиты (комплекс оптико-электронного противодействия — КОЭП) для защиты от противотанковых управляемых ракет с полуавтоматической командной системой наведения или корректируемых артиллерийских боеприпасов.   upper: MedRes! BMP-3 IFV - GyHJ  Google
above: MedRes! T-90 with lighting "Shtora" ElOp Light Countermeasure TSU-1-7 storch/projector
above: MedRes! Diagram of Shtora Laser detector optics cross section schema
Shtora (Russian: Штора, "curtain") is an electro-optical active protection system or suite for tanks, designed to disrupt the laser target designation and rangefinders of incoming anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). The system is mounted on the Russian T-80 and T-90 series tanks, the Ukrainian T-84. The existence of Shtora was revealed in 1980 by Adolf Tolkachev.
Shtora-1 is an electro-optical jammer that disrupts semiautomatic command to line of sight (SACLOS) antitank guided missiles, laser rangefinders and target designators. Shtora-1 is a soft-kill, or passive-countermeasure system. The system was shown fitted to a Russian main battle tank during the International Defense Exposition, held in Abu Dhabi in 1995. The first known application of the system is the Russian T-90 main battle tank, which entered service in the Russian Army in 1993. It is also available on the BMP-3M infantry fighting vehicle.  ...

above: HiRes! Hu. text: Lézer és Infravörös "Függöny" zavaróberendezéssel felszerelt T-90

Hu. text: Az orosz hadsereg jelenleg legmodernebb harckocsija, amelyet az 1990-es évek elejére fejlesztettek ki. E harckocsi (amely tulajdonképpen egy, a T–80-as sikeresebb elemeit felhasználó, modernizált T–72-es) közbenső megoldást jelent Oroszország számára egy modernebb harckocsi kifejlesztéséig. A Nyizsnyij Tagil-i Ural-Vagon-Zavod által kifejlesztett és gyártott harckocsit jelenleg az orosz hadseregen kívül India hadereje alkalmazza (valamint helyben, licenc alapján gyártja). ...
above: MedRes! T-90 Threaten sphere - zashitnaya sfera - Fenyegetettségi szféra
above: NEW! NoHigher! Deutsches cartoon, caricature
above: Pop-Up - Ugrásból támadás/bombavetés/lövészet
above: MedRes! Rocket tossing - Nem Irányított Rakéta - NIR ballisztikája

above: MedRes! A-10 L-L gun attack & A-A ZSzU-23-4 "Shilka" avoidance tactics   source: PPS ZMNE/NKE     below: NoHigher! "Shilka" battery's Radar coordinated aerial targets
above: NoHigher! Japanese HASEGAWA:
The Hasegawa Corporation (株式会社ハセガワ Kabushiki Gaisha Hasegawa?) is a company that manufactures plastic model kits of a variety of vehicles, including model aircraft, model cars, model ships, model armor, model space craft and science fiction kits. Based in Shizuoka, Japan, Hasegawa competes against its neighbor, Tamiya, though it does not have as large a line of products.

above: MedRes! Gulfwar-1990.  source:
A-10 Warthog:
above: NoHigher! Arty's US M109 SPH's 155 mm M712 "Copperhead" warheads cannon-launched, fin-stabilized, terminally laser guided, explosive shell delivery - udarnoe - csapás to T-90 platoon - szakaszra - fantasy artwork
Star Wars:
above: NEW+! MedRes! Fantasy ASER battletech kharon by shimmering sword
above: MedRes! Optimal light reflected armored surfaces Imperial Crawler Vehicle   REUTERS
above: MedRes! USAF Close Air Support table
above: MedRes! A-10 CAS mission with JTAC
above: NoHigher! AN/PED-1 LLDR equipped FAC during work in inhabited sorround
above: NEW! MedRes! She enjoys the UV beam and waits the delivery  Shakilov photo
above Two: MedRes! A-10 CAS mixy
above: MedRes! A tactical air controller TACP aims a IR - laser target designator on a simulated target - Éjszakai nézőkészülékes lézeres célmegjelölés - USAF handheld laser beam as seen under night vision, 2007

above: NoHigher! Very Famous - Popular singer, Katy Perry similar NVG condition

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson (born October 25, 1984), known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer and songwriter. After singing in church during her childhood, she pursued a career in gospel music as a teenager. Perry signed with Red Hill Records and released her debut studio album Katy Hudson under her birth name in 2001, which was commercially unsuccessful. She moved to Los Angeles the following year to venture into secular music after Red Hill ceased operations and she subsequently began working with producers Glen Ballard, Dr. Luke, and Max Martin. After adopting the stage name Katy Perry and being dropped by The Island Def Jam Music Group andColumbia Records, she signed a recording contract with Capitol Records in April 2007.
above: NoHigher! US Paratrooper with LLDR AN/PED-1 during night "Fan Member"

above: MedRes! French Ikon, Brigitte Bardot with Zeiss Jhagee Dresden "Exakta" VX: famous Jimmy Stewart's camera, choice in Alfred Hitchcock's "Rear Window"-1954.

Fr. text: Brigitte Bardot, née Brigitte Anne-Marie Bardot le 28 septembre 1934 à Paris, est une actrice de cinéma, ancien mannequin et chanteuse française, militante de la cause animale, fondatrice et présidente de lafondation qui porte son nom.
Figure féminine des années 1950 et 1960, elle est une star mondiale, l'égérie et la muse des plus grands artistes de l'époque. Emblème de l'émancipation des femmes et de la liberté sexuelle, elle passe des rôles de femme enfant à ceux de femme fatale. Elle tourne avec les plus grands réalisateurs, incarnant des personnages à l'élégante légèreté et à la sensualité photogénique. Elle devient rapidement un sex-symbol et acquiert une renommée internationale. Avec à son actif 48 films et plus de 80 chansons en près de vingt et un ans de carrière, Brigitte Bardot, tout aussi connue sous les initiales de « BB », est une des artistes françaises les plus célèbres au monde.
Elle met un terme à sa carrière d'actrice en 1973 et se consacre depuis lors à la défense des animaux.
above: NEW! NoHigher! The Chief of Staff in LASER beam filter glasses. Photo by artist: John Farrar   source: 
above: NoHigher! "The Newton Sight of Exakta" Anatomy of a Counter
above: NoHigher! Integrated Air Command & Control  Courtesy: Bharat Electronics Limited
Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) is the term used in the United States Armed Forces and some othermilitary forces for a qualified service member who directs the action of combat aircraft engaged in close air support and other offensive air operations from a forward position. The term that is used in most other countries, as well as previously in the US and in the relevant NATO standard is Forward Air Controller. The term became effective in the US on September 3, 2003 with the publishing of Joint Publication (JP) 3-09.3 Close Air Support.
United States:
A qualified and current JTAC is recognized across the U.S. Department of Defense as being capable and authorized to perform terminal attack control.
United States Marine Corps students are trained at the Expeditionary Warfare Training Group, Pacific (EWTGPAC), and Atlantic (EWTGLANT). United States Air Force students receive their training at Nellis Air Force Base in Nevada, while United States Navy students are trained at the Naval Strike and Air Warfare Center (NSAWC) at Naval Air Station Fallon in Nevada bySEALs assigned to NSAWC.
The USMC requires that FACs:
Must be winged Naval Aviators or NFO with at least 2 years operational flying experience.
Must have attended and graduated from the Expeditionary Warfare Training Group (EWTG) Tactical Air Control Party (TACP) course.
Must be male.
At the completion of the TACP course Aviators are granted the 7502 FAC MOS and are considered certified and qualified JTACs.
Non-aviator FACs in the United States Marine Corps must meet the following requirements:
They must be a Noncommissioned Officer or above, and must have a combat arms Military Occupational Specialty with one year of operational experience.
Must complete JTAC primer course via MarineNet (distance online training).
Must attend and graduate from either EWTGPAC or EWTGLANT TACP School.
When deployed on operations each USMC infantry company is allocated a FAC or JTAC. It is proposed that standard squad leaders will be trained as Joint Fires Observers.
The Air Force trains JTACS at two locations, Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada and Spangdahlem Air Base, Germany. At Nellis the 6th Combat Training Squadron has two JTAC courses; Joint Terminal Attack Controller Qualification Course, Joint Terminal Attack Controller Instructor Course. The JTAC course at Spangdahlem is through the Joint Firepower Center of Excellence (JFCOE).

Nellis is also home to the graduate-level JTAC Advanced Instructor Course through the U.S. Air Force Weapons School which is open to TACPs/ALOs and Combat Controllers/STOs. The course requires applicants to be qualified JTACs for three years and a JTAC Instructor for one year. The 5.5 month-long course is held twice per year and includes 752 total hours in classrooms and on ranges. The first class graduated in December 2012. They train in conjunction with pilots attending the Weapons School. As of June 24, 2015 29 airmen have graduated from the JTAC Advanced Instructor Course.
Members of special operations units may attend the Special Operations Terminal Attack Control Course (SOTACC) at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona. SOTACC was established 2003 under the Army's John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and was subsequently transferred to the Air Force Special Operations Command's Special Tactics Training Squadron in 2008.
JDAT, formerly JFIIT, provided SMEs for the revision of the NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 3733, the JFIRE Multi-Service Procedures for the Joint Application of Firepower publication, and Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) Memorandums of Agreement for DoD and partner nations. ...
above: MedRes! JTAC - SOTACC - Special Operations Terminal Attack Controller C? - Különleges Műveleti Támadás Irányító - KMTI - from Green Barrets - Zöldsapkások-tól
above: NoHigher! Ranger watch indicator     below: MedRes! Ranger with Night Model

above: NEW+! MedRes! Hollywood very famous actor Danny Trejo "Machete" as "Ranger boss"

Danny Trejo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtɾexo]; (born May 16, 1944) is an Americanactor who has appeared in numerous Hollywood films, often as villains and anti-heroes. His films include Heat (1995), Con Air (1997), and Desperado (1995), the latter with frequent collaborator Robert Rodriguez. Trejo is perhaps most recognized as the character Machete, originally developed by Rodriguez for the Spy Kids series of movies and later expanded into Trejo's own series of films aimed at a more adult audience. He also appeared in TV shows such as Breaking Bad, The X-Files and Sons of Anarchy.  ...

above: NEW++! MedRes! The North American Indians were the Ancestor of the rangers. 'Cherookes' staff with Chieftain - Törzsfőnök   Pinterest

above: NEW! NoHigher! 'Mattel' "Iriquois Indiana" Barbie doll - "Irokéz indián" Barbi-baba

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Hollywood star actress Diane Kruger on Mytheresa shoot  source: Pinterest

En text: Diane Kruger (German pronunciation: [diˈa:nə ˈkru:ɡɐ]; born Diane Heidkrüger; 15 July 1976) is a German actress and former fashion model. She is known for roles such as Helen in the epic war film Troy (2004), Dr. Abigail Chase in the adventure/heist film National Treasure (2004) and its sequel (2007), Bridget von Hammersmark in Quentin Tarantino's war film Inglourious Basterds (2009), Anna in the sci-fi drama Mr. Nobody (2009), Gina in the psychological thriller film Unknown (2011), Marie Antoinette in the French-language film Farewell, My Queen (2012) and Jessie in the drama-thriller Disorder (2015). She also starred as Detective Sonya Cross in the FX crime drama series The Bridge.  ...

De. text: Diane Kruger (auch Diane Krüger; * 15. Juli 1976 in Algermissen, Niedersachsen als Diane Heidkrüger) ist eine deutsche Schauspielerin. Sie tritt überwiegend in englisch- und französischsprachigen Filmen auf. Bekannt wurde sie als Helena in Troja (2004), Dr. Abigail Chase in Das Vermächtnis der Tempelritter (2004) und Das Vermächtnis des geheimen Buches (2007) sowie als Bridget von Hammersmark in Inglourious Basterds (2009).
above: NoHigher! Ranger Amazon without 'Ranger' watch!!! with portable ATGM tube  Geliographic Russian artwork Pin-Up Girl painting    artist: Tatiana Doronina
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. text. Humor - Humour: - "Susie wait! I able to change!

above: HiRes! #Chameleon - #Kaméleon  Wow!!!

Hu. text: A kaméleonfélék (Chamaeleonidae) a hüllők (Reptilia) osztályába a pikkelyes hüllők (Squamata) rendjébe és a gyíkok (Sauria) alrendjébe tartozó család. 2 alcsalád, 10 nem és 184 faj tartozik a családba. ...

below: JTAC & A-10

Hu. text: ERIP: Az előretolt repülésirányítás arról szól, hogy van a levegőben egy repülőeszköz, a földön pedig saját erők és a célpont, amit el kell pusztítani. Ha a cél közel van a saját erőkhöz, vagy civilekhez, a repülőgép személyzete számára egyértelművé kell tenni, hogy mi a célpont, azért, hogy elkerülhessük a járulékos veszteséget. Ekkor használják az előretolt repülésirányítókat. Előretolt Repülésirányító Pont. írta: Szórád Tamás
above: HiRes! USAF TACP JTACs provide over watch and call in air support at Contingency Operating Post Jaghato, Afghanistan, May 1, 2010. equipp AN/PED-1 LLDR  source: Wikipedia
above: NEW+! HiRes! LLDR man  photo: ARMY
above: MedRes! JTAC ex. US & UK with LLDR AN/PED-1   source: flickr google
U.S. Air Force Joint Terminal Air Controllers and Marine Corps Forward Air Controllers typically employ a lightweight device, such as the AN/PED-1 Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR), permitting them to designate targets for Close Air Support aircraft flying overhead and in close proximity to friendly forces. Northrop Grumman's LLDR, using an eye-safe laser wavelength, recognizes targets, finds the range to a target, and fixes target locations for laser-guided, GPS-guided, and conventional munitions. This lightweight, interoperable system uniquely provides range finding and targeting information to other digital battlefield systems allowing the system to provide targeting information for non-guided munitions, or when laser designation is unreliable due to battlefield conditions. Wiki
above: NEW+! HiRes! The towing Observer House for FAC "Black Widows"
above: NEW! HiRes! Other ideal watching & designation forest point: The Castle of Kinizsi vár in Nagyvázsony village close to Veszprém city.  photo: 2017. january, Kovács "Koko" István fb.

above & below: NEW! HiRes! JTAC's LASER LLDR's light reflection from Castle of Veszprém - St. Michael chatedral at 20 january of 2017.? - Lézer reflekció a Veszprémi-vár Szent Mihály székesegyházból?  In front visible the Hotel Giselle and Hu.DF's, AF's CRC & AOC (Control & Reporting Centre & Air Operation Centre) "Rock" - "SziklaMH LVIK - Magyar Honvédség Légi Vezetési és Irányítási Központ (Irányító és Jelentő Központ és a Légi Műveleti Központ) former HUAF's command after Western Hu. Recruitment Command - a volt MH NyMHP - Nyugat Magyarországi Hadkiegészítő Parancsnokság in Jókai utca-street photo: Ret.avn.WO Steve Kovács "Koko" István nyá.rep.zls. Mi-8-8/17 "Hip" board technician - fedélzeti technikus from MH.87. BHHE LHSA HuAFHB Szentkirályszabadja repülőtér - heli bázis - CANON EOS-7D  source: facebook Kovács István Landscape photoartist - tájkép fotóművész  below: MedRes! "Laserstar - Lézercsillag" over Veszprém - Castle

aboveNEWHiRes! Renovated Füzér-castle beside Füzér village in Hungary close Sátoraljaújhely city in Norhern-East district - A felújított Füzéri-vár.  photo (cropped for remain resolution) : res. Trkr.. arty corporal Valkóczi "Dunyhás" Balázs hő. t. tüz. szkv. MATASz  2017. 01. 28. XVII. "Doni Hősök" emléktúra - remebance tour.  source: facebook V. B.

above: NEW! HiRes! Hu. topmodel than Miss. Pataki Ágnes (now Film-producer) before "Barrel" bastion (on West side) of Budaer Castle in Budapest, may be cover 'Ez a Divat' fashion magazine in 1980's  source:  'Manökenek (a 80-as évekből) csoport

above: NEW! HiRes! Night-CAS scene in city with APC LAV & MBT M1 & F/A-18
above: ATO - Air Traffic Order Planning Cycle - a Légi Feladatszabás tervezési ciklusa
above: NEW! NoHigher! The ATO's Typewriter - "Gizike" a gépírónője a Harcparancsnak
above: NEW! NoHigher! For Sale! - Eladó! Qualitet antique 'Mercedes' "Prima" typewriter from 1920's with Hu. letter buttons - Magyarnyelvű gombokkal. 125,-€ - 38.500,-HUF (This photo from Internet)
above: F. Arty. Laser Semiactive Homing Guidance - Lézeres Félektív Irányított Lövedék Táb.tü.
 above: MedRes! USMC M777A2 155 mm Light Towed Howitzer   photo: US ARMY
En. text: The M777 howitzer is a towed 155mm artillery piece, since 2005 successor to the M198 howitzer in the United States Marine Corps and United States Army. The M777 is also used by the ground forces of Canada and Australia. It made its combat début in the War in Afghanistan.
The M777 is manufactured by BAE Systems' Global Combat Systemsdivision. Prime contract management is based in Barrow-in-Furness in the UK as well as manufacture and assembly of the titanium structures and associated recoil components. Final integration and testing of the weapon is undertaken at BAE's facility in Hattiesburg, Mississippi.  ...

Hu. text: Az M777 155 mm-es vontatott tarack, melyet a nagy-britanniai Vickersfejlesztett ki és a BAE Systems Land Systems vállalat gyártja az Egyesült Államokban. Az M777 tarackkal az Egyesült Államok Tengerészgyalogságánál és a szárazföldi erőknél az M198 tarackokat cserélik le, ezen kívül Kanada is hadrendbe állította. A tarackot az afganisztáni műveletekben is alkalmazzák, ahol az M982 Excalibur GPS-irányítású 155 mm-es lövedékeket tüzelik vele. A tarack képes bármely ma gyártott 155 mm-es lőszerrel üzemelni.  ...
above: MedResSgt. 1st Class Alberto Castillo, a fire support noncommissioned officer (NCO) assigned to 210th Field Artillery Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division (101st Airborne Div. "Screaming Eagles") calls for fire and laser targets. The Army is starting to field a lightweight laser target designator that uses GPS to call for more accurate hits on targets. Courtesy of U.S. Army
above: NoHigher! LSHG
above: NoHigher! 3D Representation of joint fires area using global area reference system

aboveNoHigher! Field Artillery - Fighter Lateral & Altitude Separation   source: Hu. PPS ZMKA
above: MedRes! A-10 Arrives over to JTAC    photo: USAF Moody AFB

above: NoHigher! Hu. "Cicciolina"  original Ms. Staller Ilona Hu. & Italy celeb - pornstar

It. text: Ilona Staller, nome completo Elena Anna Staller (Budapest, 26 novembre1951), è un'ex attrice pornografica, cantante e politica ungherese naturalizzataitaliana.  ... /it.wikipedia/Ilona_Staller
above: NEW! MedRes! Juci'bacsi's collection drom 1999. Belgian Gift book: Welkom in België for B. Armed Forces from BAF F-16 AFB: Belgian Para FAC with ? LASER RF - Designator

above: NEW! MedRes! The Sensors of Spider - a Pók érzékekői
above: NoHigher! "Star camera": CILAS DHY-207 AN-PEQ-17- esam for US ARMY SOF
Hu. text: HTKA Bevetések típusai (harceljárások), bevetési profilok;
CAS – Close Air Support.- Közvetlen légi támogató bevetés, de FACP (Forward Air Controller Post) - ERIP - Előretolt Repülésirányító Pont (Földi vagy Légi)/JTAC segítsége nélkül, csak az AWACS (Airborne Early Warning & Control System – Levegőbe Telepített Korai Előrejelző és Irányító Rendszer LTKEIR)  vagy E-8 "Joint Star" gép rávezetésével.
On call CAS – A FAC (Forward Air Controller) ERIP (Előretolt Repülésirányító Pont) vagy JTAC (Joint Terminal Air Controller) EHLI (Egyesített Harcászati/Végponti Légi Irányító) ezeket a bevetéseket repülő gépeket irányítja. Közvetlen támogató bevetés a fronton (az Ellenséggel közvetlen harcérintkezésben lévő csapatok részére) küzdőknek. Harckocsik, páncélozott szállítójárművek, gyalogság és tábori tüzér ütegek - harcrendi elemek a fő célpontok. A gépek a frontvonaltól néhány perc repülési távolságra vagy egy kijelölt szárazföldi egység/alegység közelében operálnak.
   - Repülőtéri (hdm. reptér) készültségből (from Airfield Readiness) vagy
   - Őrjáratozási Légtérből -ÖL- (fom Patrol Airspace)
Ha nincs fenyegetés, akkor a váltás megérkezése után, az őrjáratozási idő letelte vagy az összes fegyverzet elhasználása után hazatérnek, de a "hívás" harceljárás esetén nagyon hamar rendelkezésre állnak. Egy adott körzet vagy frontszakaszért felelnek a gépek adott ideig. Nagyon nagy terület és alacsony intenzitás esetén a nagy hatótáv (hosszú őrjáratozási idő) nem hátrány, így lett CAS képességgel bíró "harcászati" gép még az interkontinentális hadászati nehézbombázókból B-52 is az USAF állományában.
Pre plan CAS – Ismert-Előre megadott célpontok elleni támadó bevetés harceljárás, gyakran FAC segítség nélkül. Akkor jellemző ez mikor a frontvonal merev és jól behatárolható.
Interdiction – Közvetlenül a front felé tartó erősítés, menetoszlopok és a logisztika célok megsemmisítése.
Kicsit mélyebben berepülés a front/harcérintkezési vonal mögé, a felvonuló szétbontakozás előtt vagy alatt lévő csapatok megsemmisítése a cél. Mivel az ellenség ilyenkor még nincs szétbontakozva a nagy célsűrűség miatt – mint egy menetoszlopban – iszonyatos pusztításra képes néhány kazettás bomba is. -Végtelen nagy térközzel meg nem haladhat egy menetoszlop, mert a világ összes útja sem lenne elég a felvonuláshoz. 
source: - ("MolniBalage" 2012.) Haditechnikai összefoglaló PDF alapján
aboveNEWHiRes! USAAF "Calling" Tactics - "Hívás" Harceljárás by SRTA Roxanne.  Photo by: Guillermo Pozuelo   source: Google open galery: Bányiczki Zoltán
above & below: NEW! HiRes! Ideal Watching Point: Near to Hungary - Veszprém, Hajmáskér village former Arty Castle E-1 towerhead Northern side - Ideális Figyelőpont: -~ nagyközség volt tüzérkastély Toronyfej Északi oldal.   photo by: Steve Varsányi István táborkutató - researcher.   source: Varsányi István

above: NEW! NoHigher! Hajmáskér "Hotel arty-residence porter/gate-guard - Tüzérkastély Hotel-portás/kapuőr" - Miss. Dukai Regina Hu. model & singer   photo: Miss. Tuba Enikő

Dukai Regina (Kapuvár, 1983. augusztus 5. –) magyar modell, énekesnő.
above: NEW++! MedRes!  Desert watching buildings and FAC camo suit- Sivatagi Figyelő és cucc  source:
above: MedRes! Warthog under JTAC's control   photo: Casmainpix,

above: NoHigher! model Candice Swanepoel from "Victoria's Secret" in desert as Devil winged Marker Point   Pinterest

above: MedRes! A-10 from Moody AFB to JTAC 2014.12.14   photo: USAF Moody AFB
above: MedRes! She was the "Enemy"s Optical Observer of  'Redflag' exercise in a desert  Pinterest
above: NoHigher! Or .. She watches what does Her Housband, Sgt. Nick McMillan, a native of Folsom, Calif., and a 1st Cavalry div. army whith They son by LLDR AN/PED-1 " oh Mother!!"
above: MedRes! AN/PED-1 LLDR Rangefinder US-Army  Defencetalk

aboveNoHigher! former Türkish Prime Minister Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu during watching at Turkish & Syrian state border 2015.   On Other side the Kurdish Militarnhicas. The binocular army color Soviet/Russian mil. standart isn't

above: HiRes! & 'Cougar' MRAPs , HMMWV, Toyota 'Hilux'  source:
above: NoHi! JTAC in communication   USAF
above: NEW! NoHigher! God Bless Our Troops
above: NEW++ ! MedRes! American Army's Femine JTAC in control action beside Jeep Pinterest
above: HiRes! A-10 M109A6 'Paladin' 155 mm SPH  source: USAF  2014.12.14.
above: NoHigher! a Cameraman with LLDR Northrop - Grumman AN/PED-1

above: NoHigher! Hollywood vintage Ikon, Raquel Welch a popular Hollywood actress in the 1960's and 70' movie: "Conan the Barbar"?

Racquel will long be remembered for her role as the cavegirl Loana in One Million Years 
Raquel Welch (born Jo Raquel Tejada; September 5, 1940) is an American actress and singer.

above: Zeiss a "DuraVision Platinum" image

 above: Progressive lens design - alkalmazkodó szemüveglencse

 "#Varilux" glasses lens

above: MedRes! Aerial photo appreCIAtion expert wears Varilux glasses

above: Robots - Gynoids: Upper: MedRes! ISRA VISION   Lower: NoHigher! Lasereyes
A fembot is a humanoid robot that is gendered feminine. It is also known as a gynoid, though this term is more recent. Fembots appear widely in science fiction film and art. As more realistic humanoid robot design is technologically possible, they are also emerging in real-life robot design.
above: NEW+! HiRes! Nathalie as FAC's supervisor in Willy's jeep  source: Google  Collector: Bányiczki Zoltán
MedResabove: A-10 AFB Woodbridge   below: Bentwaters AFB 1986.
above: NoHigher! "Warthoggirl" in Readiness Duty in service building (below right up) Pinterest
above: MedRes! American Geodetic Surveyor Woman "Theodora"  in Alaska with Digital Theodolite.   photo: Patrick J. Endres
above: NEW! NoHigher! Vintage Soviet military theodolitre TB1 from 1961.  source:

below: JTAC, FACP - HICs, ERIP

above: MedRes! Old former WP & 1990's FACP - Hu. made 'Rába' ERIP FUG - Felderítő Úszó Gépkocsi - FACP ARV Armored Reconnainsance -Swimming- Vehicle. We had got it  three FUGs at LHSA Szentkirályszabadja MH.87.BHHE Combat Helicopter Regiment.
MedRes! Juci'bacsi's sketch from 1990 for the FACP ARV - ERIP-Harcjárműhöz
above: NEW+! HiRes! Juci's design sketch from 1972.: Panorama Targeting Periscope for water & land vehicle  also Courtesy FREE!
above: HiRes! BTR-60PU HuDF HICs - TACP command vehicle  photo: AD Missile S-125 exp. ret.Lt.Col. Hibácskó "Hibu" Ferenc nyá.alez. volt Lérakos: Kecel HM.HIM Haditechnikai Park 2012.    below: NEW+! NoHigher! BMD-1 1V119 "Reostat" 1V118 "Spektr" BTR-D artillery battalion fire direction vehicle Russian Army

aboveNEWMedRes! armor technics - бронетехника: Боевой транспорт БTР-60 - BTR-70PU Arty 1V17 Laser. Recon. artwork by: Aleksey Ansorenko

above: NEW! Juci'bacsi's repro slide/dia by 'Pentacon' copy collection from germany 'Wehrtechnik' revue NoHigher! Soviet 1V13 AARV -Armored Artillery Reconnaissance Vehicle for 2Sz1 "Gvozdika" & 2Sz3 "Akaciya" Sp howitzers 1974. It's in turret equipped with LASER RangeFinder. - Mittel der Artillerieaufklärung: Artillerie Kommando- und Beobactung sonder panzerwagen Typ II. - Ütegparancsnoki felderítő jármű

above: HiRes! Tiger binocular streo look - "Cilóka"
above: NoHigher! M113 JTAC/AOS armored vehicle mounted tracker
above: NoHigher! British M113 LASER Designator Armored Vehicle (APC): Vetstory 44B-6 Scamp Crewing and Lambert driving - John Guilk - facebook source

above: MedRes! English rock star singer, Spice Girls' Geri Halliwell in crossing light of M113 reflectors  source:

Geraldine Estelle "Geri" Horner (/ˈdʒɛəri/; née Halliwell; born 6 August 1972) is an English pop singer-songwriter, clothes designer, author and actress. Halliwell came to international prominence in the 1990s as Ginger Spice, a member of the successful girl group the Spice Girls; together they sold over 80 million records worldwide, making them one of the best selling girl groups of all time. In 1998 Halliwell left the Spice Girls, though she rejoined the group when they reunited in 2007. Halliwell reportedly amassed a $30 million fortune during her last two years in the group. ...
above: NEW++! NoHigher! Tourist Viewer telescope   Pinterest
 NoHigher! USA 'Raytheon' above: DRS  below: LRAS on ARV
The Raytheon Company is a major U.S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics. It was previously involved in corporate and special-mission aircraft until early 2007. Raytheon is the world's largest producer of guided missiles.  ...

above: NoHigher! She is a Training leader "Dress for less" in military look

above: HiRes! Pacific Thunder FAC.   photo: ARMY
above: NoHigher! British and French artillery observers Battle of Langemarck 1917.  wiki
A military artillery observer or spotter (AO/S) is responsible for directing artillery and mortar fire onto a target, and may be a Forward Air Controller (FAC) for close air support and spotter for naval gunfire support. Also known as "Forward Observer", "Fire Support Specialist", or "FISTer". Most commonly observers accompany a tank or infantry manoeuvre unit. More recently a mission controller for an Army Unmanned Air System (UAS) may also act as an artillery observer and some armies use special artillery patrols behind the enemy's forward elements.
Broadly, there are two very different approaches to artillery observation. Either the observer has command authority and orders fire, including the type and amount of ammunition to be fired, to batteries. Or the observer requests fire from an artillery headquarters at some level, which decides if fire will be provided, by which batteries, and the type and amount of ammunition to be provided. The first is characterised by the British, the second by the United States. In World War II both Germany and the Soviet Union tended towards the British method.
Because artillery is an indirect fire weapon system, the guns are rarely in line-of-sight of their target, often located miles away. The observer serves as the eyes of the guns, by sending target locations and if necessary corrections to the fall of shot, usually by radio.
In the US System the observer sends a request for fire, usually to his battalion or battery Fire Direction Center (FDC). The FDC then decides how much fire to permit and may request additional fire from a higher artillery headquarters. FDC(s) convert the observer's target information into firing data for the battery's weapons.
In the British system the observer sends a fire order to his own and any other batteries authorised to them, and may request fire from additional batteries. Each battery command post converts the fire orders into firing data for its own guns. Until post-World War II the observer would usually order actual firing data to the guns of his own troop, this was enabled by the use of calibrating sights on the guns.
On land, artillery observers are considered high-priority targets by enemy forces[citation needed], as they control a great amount of firepower, are within visual range of the enemy, and may be located within enemy territory.

U.S. Army / U.S. Marine Corps
Main article: Forward observers in the U.S. military

A U.S. Marine artillery forward observer in a tree to get a better view of the battlefield in Guadalcanal, 1942.
In the U.S. Army, a Light, Heavy, or Stryker Infantry company Fire Support Team (FIST) consists of a Fire Support Officer (FSO), a Fire Support Sergeant, three Forward Observers (FO), two Fire Support Specialists and three Radio Telephone Operators (RTO). Armored/Cavalry FIST teams usually consist of just one FSO and three enlisted personnel. Brigade COLT teams operate in groups of two individuals, a Fire support specialist in the grade of E-1 to E-4 and a Fire Support Sergeant in the grade of E-5. Currently in unit training is beginning to incorporate more close air support and close combat attack missions into the field artillery team's mission.
In the U.S. Marine Corps, scout observers also act as naval gunfire spotters and call for, observe and adjust artillery and naval gunfire support, and coordinate fire support assets to include mortars, rockets, artillery, NSFS and CAS/CIFS. FO teams are usually attached to infantry weapons companies to provide indirect fire support to the company's movements.

above: NEW! NoHigher! WW-Two Royal Canadian Arty Observers/Surveyors or Topos with theodolite at D-Day.  source: Pinterest
above: NEW! NoHigher! Grashopper for Field Artillery Interface. The 105 mm M2A1 (M101A1) howitzer.
above: NEW+! MedRes! Artillery Aerial Fire Control Officer with Willy's jeep & Piper J-3 Cub L-19 "BirdDog" ("Grashopper") surveillance -arty observer aircraft in USAAF  source: Google  Collector: Bányiczki Zoltán

above: MedRes! WW-II. 'Carl Zeiss Jena' binocular Rm-F 12x60 für Em 4m R40 - #Doppelfernrohr   below: NEW! HiRes!

above: NEW! MedRes! Binocular USSR D49 / Carl Zeiss BLC 12 x 60 Flak Anti-aircraft  source:

above: MedRes! Germany Bunker arty Ziel saule - sight
above: MedRes! Danish artillery observer using a thermal imaging camera and a laser rangefinder in a live fire exercise   source: wiki
above: NoHigher! Arty call for fire   source: wiki
above: NoHigher! Arty LR
above: NEW! NoHigher! Juci'bacsi's repro dia/slide copy from WEHRTECHNIK 1970's. Laser Theodolite Rangefinder.
above: Juci'bacsi's OLYMPUS photo: HiRes! "Clever Ferret-2010" - Okos menyét" Exercise - gyaxa at Várpalota"0-Ponti" szektor Kőröshegyi figyelőpont: MOTAS-10 arty LASER Rangefinder
above: NoHigher! Hu. Field Arty Observer Point with MOTAS-10 Laser Rangefinder & PAB-2 arty bussol at Várpalota Fire Range   source: ZMNE/NKE 'Tüzérfigyelő' 2011-12 issiue Pdf.
above: NEW+! MedRes! made in Germany MOTAS-10 Maalinpaikantamislaite   below: at Bundeswehr artillerie observer point demo
above: NEW+! NoHigher! China made Arty LRF measures up to 40 Km-ig mér

above Three: NEW+! Soviet Arty RF 1D11 in Hu. Army: Top Left: MedRes! Arty FO  source:   Right: MedRes!   Bottom: I.M. "Tanky" looks into it at Várpalota Fire Range
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Russian LASER Rangefinder & Designator
above: NoHigher! HuDF -Tata- MH.25st Infantry Bde's D-20 152 mm Gun-How. battery FST - Fire Support Team AOP - Arty Observation Point - TüFiP at Várpalota Fire Range. Left: american Vector-21 Laser rangrfinder  Right: Soviet PAB-2 arty bussol - Periszkópos Tüzér Tájoló műszer - PTT.
Hu. text: Nálunk a Vector 21 lézeres céltávmérő használatos, ami GPS-szel kombinálva célkoordinátát is biztosít az irányítónak, de az adatokat rádión olvassák be a pilótának. cikk: Szórád Tamás  BLOGger
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Design furniture F-4 "Phantom" ejection seat barstool
above: NoHigher! SU./W.P./Hu. Field Arty:  Fire Control Plotter/Plotting board: PUO-9 for assesment of ballistic elements. -ПУО-9 Прибор Управление Огном - Tűzvezető Műszer
below: Juci'bacsi's HiRes! photos of collection.  It's material is Aluminium with spec elox. The using-pencil writing is very easy and rubbergum also. 

 Mixture Battle Map (Scale 1:25.000 GaK) by Juci'bácsi: above: NoHigher! armor Tanky's exc. map from Mil. Coll. KLKF - Szentendre mid 1980's     below: HiRes! WP & little NATO map symbols for PUO's princip of procedures.
above: MedRes! The Mixture Situ Map on PUO and spcial III./2. quarter available to 45-00
aboveNoHigher! PUO-32 Fire-Control Instrument/Plotter with paralell arms similar to marine navigation plotter.
above: NoHigher! Procractor: NATO's Mils 64-00" vonás & Degrees 360 fok
Enzsöl Gyula ezds.: A Tüzérség ma is él.  Zrínyi kiadó 1973. Budapest
aboveNoHigher! The cyclic quarters: change the X & Y co-ordinates at edge vinkel rulers depend the Main Fire Angle. - A tábla szélén lévő vonalzók x- y értékeinek körkörös cserélődése a kör 4 negyedében a lövészeti alapirány (Ai) függvényében.
above: NoHigher! Princip of Quarters -1/4- of 3600=6000' Mils - Vonás (W.P., the NATO mils of ring 6400")  Észak - North,  Kelet - East, Dél - South, Nyugat - West. Change of x - y coordinates 
above: NoHigher! Cleaned & Colorized PUO-9 by Juci'bácsi:  Upper "Map of Mixture Battle" conversion for Fire Control skeetch in III. quarter 'Standart'.  also Courtesy FREE!
above: NoHigher! Transformation Angles of  Target between JTAC & Arty FOP & Air Force by Juci'bacsi: also Courtesy FREE!
Blogger remark: I had organized an one PUO-9 from ordnance depo as official in 1995 for Our FAC/TACP at HuDF 87th Combat Helicopter Regiment LHSA Szentkirálszabadja Helikopter Base. We had changed the outer angle measuring mils dial to degrees (3600). It was very succesful. I had remanin in 2000 My follower Recon Officer "Füles" - "Earses". - I don't know what about the instrument since 2000. - Hivatalosan szereztem egy PUO-9-et 1995-ben a Tüzér Fegyverzeti Raktárból az MH 87. Bakony Harcihelikopter Ezred FAC/HiCs (FUG/BTR-60PU) részére. A külső szögmérő vonásskálát átcseréltük fokosra. Nagyon sikeres volt. "000-ben hátrahagytam az utód FEF-re "Fülesre". Azóta nem tudom mi van a műszerrel Szolnokon.
above: NEW! NoHigher! JTAC simulator in HuDF Szolnok (LHSN) MH 89. Helicopter regt. Middle: HuMoD Dr. Simicskó István HM and HuDF CoS Army Gen. Dr. Benkő Tibor vezds. HVkf.
aboveNoHigher! Russian arty Fire Control with conventional PUO-9s - Tűzvezetési - simulator room St.Petersburg CAOK nowadays.

above: NEW! MedRes! "Matilda in military khaki color fashion suit as the General Advisor from Russian Simulation Study Centre"  source:

  above: NEW++! NoHigher! Russian Arty Forward Observer equipment simulator sortie 1D13 LPR-1 Laser Rangefinder with IR and comm equip. & classic scope, binocular

NEW+! above: NoHigher! Fw. Obs's simulator equipment LLDR   below: MedRes! Classroom
above: NEW+! MedRes! Komplett arty training symulator - with Grumman LLDR AN/PED-1 
above: NEW++! NoHigher! Ideal binocular for narrow small area and simultan action
Michelle Marie Pfeiffer (/ˈfaɪfər/; born April 29, 1958) is an American actress and occasional singer. She began her acting career in 1978 and had her first starring film role in Grease 2 (1982), before receiving mainstream attention for her breakout performance in Scarface (1983). Her greatest commercial successes include Batman Returns (1992), Dangerous Minds (1995), What Lies Beneath (2000) and Hairspray (2007).
Pfeiffer was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress and won the BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Dangerous Liaisons (1988), and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actressand won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama for The Fabulous Baker Boys (1989). She received a third Oscar nomination for Love Field (1992). Her other notable film roles include The Witches of Eastwick(1987), Married to the Mob (1988), Frankie and Johnny (1991), The Age of Innocence (1993), Wolf (1994) and White Oleander (2002).

above: NEW! NoHigher! VOGUE theatre binocular

above: NEW! NoHigher! True  useful terrain layout in Russia Infantry brigade - Terepasztal
above: NEW++! HiRes! Juci'bacsi's collect: HuAF's from 1970's HBK-1 (Hargitai - Berkes - Kiss) Navigation Plotter/Rule - Navihációs celluloid vonalzó   photo: Steve Ürmös  also Courtesy FREE!
above: NoHigher! Hu. Mil. map scale 1:50.000 Gauss-Krüger GAK Projection - Vetület: Dombóvár
above: NEW++! MedRes! UTM Z13 to East declination
 Magnetic Declination, Meridian Convergence - a Mágneses Elhajlás, Meridián Konvergencia
above: NEW! MedRes! US NAVY Maneuvering Board sheet - Manőver papír

above: Left: MedRes! NATO UTM Grid Reader protractor   Right: MedRes! SU AK-4  plot Hu.txt.
AK-4 Soviet artillery plotter NoHigher! above: Measuring schema   below: Juci'bacsi's scan & collection: from My arty era: AK-4  also Courtesy FREE!
above: NoHigher! Degrees 360-ISOM Goniometer 30 cm plastic -műanyag szögfelrakó
above: NoHigher! Vintage brass primatic compass - tájoló & Scale plotting compass - körző
above: NEW! MedRes! Sextant compass angle plotter

above: NEW! NoHigh! Empty Plotting table with Gisele Bündchen - Felrakó nélkül  mellbimbo

De. text: Gisele Caroline Bündchen (* 20. Juli 1980 in Horizontina, Rio Grande do Sul) ist ein brasilianisches Model. Bündchen und ihre zweieiige Zwillingsschwesterwurden als die mittleren von sechs Töchtern des Universitätsprofessors und Autors Valdir Bündchen und der Bankangestellten Vânia Nonnenmacher geboren. Sie entstammt einer deutschbrasilianischen Familie, die seit sechs Generationen in Brasilien lebt. 1993 nahm sie auf Wunsch ihrer Mutter an einem Kurs der Dilson Stein Modeling School teil.  ...
 above: NoHigher! Arrange of Observer Points
 above & below: NoHigher! The skeetch of Konwn Points of terrain - Tájékozódási Pont-vázlat

above: MedRes! US FAC's LLDR N-G AN/PED-1 & NOMEX gloves   photo:
aboveHiRes! Deep view Landscape sim to Arty FOP - Tü.FiP  source:
aboveNoHigher! The determninate of object distance by knowing height mof object and readest Mils (Scale) - egy Objektum távolságának meghatározása annak magassága ismeretében a leolvasott vonás (1/6000' or 1/6400" mils reticle) (skála) alapján.  Bottom the direction scale
above: Mils" formula OMK - Vonásképlet MVK - "Megyek Vasárnap Kimenőre" mondóka: m/V x Km= x1000 or /1000 - O/M x Km

above: NEW! NoHigher! USA, California state, San Francisco city - Prison "#Alcatraz" - börtön, 27 m. height of Lighting-Tower/Maritime Light Marker   source: 

above: NEW+! MedRes! Artisty terrain "Frumos" In caz ca nu va plac, n-am ce sa fac! Vladut.
OEM-2 Arty Stereo Rangefinder:
above: MedRes! Hungarian FACP's landscape on Balaton-overland over Tapolca town at Nyírád village from "Cseket"-hill in Military Exercise-range Újdörögd sector.  Opposit the Haláp-hegy-hill  photo: Kizmus Szabolcsáp_(hegy)
above: NEWMedResTapolca scale 1:50.000 Hu. Mil. GAK Projection Map over lake-Balaton. Upper sector is Cseket-hegy-hill & Haláp-hegy-hill
Hu. text: Haláp (magasság: 358 m) a Tapolcai-medence tanúhegyeinek északi, leginkább lebányászott tagja. Az 1912-1980-as évek között folytatott intenzív bazaltbányászat során a hegy jelentős részét - a hegy bazaltsapkájának közepét - elhordták, a bányaüreg pereme körben megmaradt, szép, oszlopos elválású bazalttal. A megmaradt peremrészről szép panoráma nyílik a Tapolcai-medencére, a Csobáncra és a többi tanúhegyre. A kettős csonkakúp alakú hegy déli lábánál található a neves hagyományokkal rendelkező Zalahaláp községe.
above: NoHigher! Classical scope reticle - szálkereszt (Parti Őrség hajója)
above: MedRes! LLDR reticle Range Mark: 1845 m AZ=Azimuth, XMT=?   EL=Elevation
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Soviet military LRF prototype early 1970's
 MedRes! Russian Civilian LASER handle Rangefinders.  above: LDM-2   below: LDM-3

above: NEW! NoHigher! Norwegian SIMRAD Optronics LP-7 LASER Rangefinder

En. text: Simrad Optronics AS is the holding company of Simrad Optronics Group located in Nøtterøy, Norway. Simrad Optronics Group is a global niche supplier to the defence industry, with production facilities in Norway and Maine, United States. Daughter companies include Vinghøg AS at Nøtterøy, Norway and Vingtech Corporation in Maine, United States. The company was listed on Oslo Stock Exchange until July 2010. As of July 12, 2010 Rheinmetall AG is the company's sole shareholder; following a voluntary offer of May 12 to acquire all issued and outstanding shares in the company. ...
No. text: Rheinmetall Nordic AS (tidligere Simrad Optronics ASA) har hovedkontor på Nøtterøy utenfor Tønsberg og avdelingskontor i Stockholm. Selskapet er eier av bl.a. Vinghøg AS, lokalisert med hovedkontor på Nøtterøy utenfor Tønsberg og med avdeling i Oslo. Vinghøg AS driver produktutvikling og produksjon. I selskapets operative portefølje inngår også Vingtech LLP i den amerikanske staten Maine, hvor det drives produksjon. Gjennom Vinghøg AS og Vingtech LLP er selskapet en global leverandør av utstyr og systemintegrasjoner for observasjon, overvåking, måldetektering og ildgivning. Selskapet leverer nisjeprodukter for montering og stabilisering av små- og medium kaliber våpen. Selskapet har hatt stor suksess med løsninger og utstyr for fjernstyrte våpenstasjoner (blant annet Protector RWS levert av Kongsberg Defence Systems). Rheinmetall Nordic AS er også representant for Rheinmetall Defence og konsernets samlede produktportefølje inn i det nordiske markedet. Selskapet er dessuten hovedkontor for produktområdet Elecro Optics som er ett av forretningsområdene i Rheinmetall Defence.  ...
aboveNEW+MedRes!  Hu. text: Szovjet/Orosz "KTD" tüzérségi kézi lézertávmérő állványon
 NEW+! HiRes! LPR-1  from a very good Russian site
above: NEW+! NoHigher! LPR-1 Russian Arty FOP - Előretolt TüFiP
aboveNEWMedRes! Hu. Retro advert: Tóth Adrienn supermodel with "Kiev" photo tripod
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Due W.P. mils (1/6000') circle S.U.  laser RF or Inrarot ocular
above: NoHigher! Russian Military Arty Laser Rangefinder 1D13 LPR-1   below: NoHigher!
above: NoHigher! Russian 'GLONASS' military GPS receiver   Pinterest

below: NEW! STAR WARS' Binoculars Luke Skywalker

above: NEW! MedRes! Star Wars: Luke Skywalker's binocular & lifescanner set & LASER pistol   source: pinterest /

 NoHigher!  Multifunction Binocular: Scope, Rangefinder, Night Vision,   Pinterest
above: HiRes! SONY's new $2000 DEV-50 digital3D binoculars are about the same size as conventional 12X binoculars, except that they're packed with electronics instead of   source: TechHive
above: HiRes! View of Elektro Binocular
 above: MedRes! Luke Skywalker-Mark Hamill- uses the Macrobinoculars were handheld viewing devices that allowed users to observe distant objects... Fandom:   below: HiRes! with camera objectives
above: NoHigher! Viewing into macrobinocular

above: NEW! NoHigher! The  Dogtag in USAF Pilot Survival kit as Laser beam reflector. -  A Túlélő készlethez tartozó dögcédula nyaklánc mint lézerfényvisszaverő.  source: Pinterest

above: NEW! NoHigher! The Smaragd crystal jewellery necklace would be a Laser crystal diode too - Ez az ékszer smaragd kristály nyaklánc jó lenne Lézer diódának is.

above: MedRes! Swisstek 'Kern' Military DKM-2 with LASER adapter
NEW+! aboveMedRes! LASER Hand Rangerfinder   below: LASER entfernungmessgerate
above: MedRes! ELRF-2
above: NoHigher! American handheld AN/PED-NG

above: MedRes! songwriter  #Rihanna during counter watch  photo: Splash News Pinterest

Robyn Rihanna Fenty (/riˈænə/; born February 20, 1988) is a Barbadian singer and songwriter. Born in Saint Michael and raised in Bridgetown, she first entered the music industry by recording demo tapes under the direction of record producer Evan Rogers in 2003. She ultimately signed a recording contract with Def Jam Recordings after auditioning for its then-president, hip hop producer and rapper Jay Z. In 2005, Rihanna rose to fame with the release of her debut studio album Music of the Sun and its follow-up A Girl like Me(2006), which charted on the top 10 of the U.S. Billboard 200 and respectively produced the hit singles "Pon de Replay" and "SOS". ... 

above: NEW++! NoHigher! Presidental Control with lens filtered binocular: Barack Obama Commander in Chief in leather pilot jacket of Air Force One VC B-747   Pinterest

above: NEW+! MedRes! NYXUS Rangechecker (Jenoptik) - Távolságellenőrző (Hair dryer -Hajszárító) with presentation optics bra - bemutató optikai melltartóval
above: NoHigher! "The True Paparazzi" The Emerald-SR is a lightweight, handheld, targeting device for today’s warfighter. It combines LWIR and day cameras with an eyesafe laser range finder and digital magnetic compass. The MARS also offers image.  ...
above: NoHigher! TLSI ELBIT AN/PAS-25 Army-Green    below: MedRes! FO's LASER
below: CILAS’ Laser Target Designators have been successfully fielded by major defense forces such NATO armed forces, the French Defense Forces and modern defense forces around the world.
A solid reputation
In operation for more than 20 years, CILAS Laser Target Designators have demonstrated their reliability under all critical environments by day and night. They are suited for closed air support missions, forward observer operations and forward air control missions.  ..  cilas/en/laser-target

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Laser entfernungsmessgerate laser modul LDM-28

above: NoHigher! Soviet stereofényképezőgépek az 1960'-as évekből: aboveNoHigher! Full stereo "Industar" objectives caricatura (Steampunk?) LOMO's FED style photocamera   Pinterest

French made CILAS DHY 307 has:
  • A range finding up to 20 kms 
  • An extended illumination duration 
  • A NATO and Russian standards compatibility
above: MedRes! a Similar Spider head - egy Hasonló Pókfej   Pinterest
above: NoHighger! Every Seen Gogle - NVG - Mindentlátó Éjszakai Nézőkészülék
above: MedRes! Hu. text: Szárazföldi Haditechikák  also Courtesy FREE!
above: HiRes! Soviet KTD-1 LASER Rangefinder late 1970's source:
above: NEW! NoHigher! Juci'bacsi's repro dia/slide by PENTACON - PRACTICA copy from late 1970's from Soviet MoD's  'Voennaya Tehnika' magazine: KTD-Topo

above: NEW! NoHigher! LASER car speedometer - #Traffipax

above: NoHigher! USAF JTAC member smiles?   source:
HiRes! Desert camo NIKON D4 repainted without take to pieces

above: NEW++! MedRes! Blacky NIKON in shoot positure "She during photomaking of the 'Jeanneke Pis' & 'Manneken Pis' staues in Bruxelles downtown."  source:

above: NEW++! MedRes! Juci'bacsi's PRAKTICA MTL-2 1999. Brussel by F-16 negotiation: Pisilő kislány (kevésbé ismert és eldugott helyen egy zsákutcában) és a pisilő kisfiú

above: NEW! Juci'bacsi's scan collect: MedRes! NIKON F70 Nikkor small film camera cutaway

above: NoHigher! Japan #NIKON D3 digit photocamera real cutaway Two view   below: MedRes!

above: NoHigher! #Steampunk photo brass camera device

En. text: Victor Hasselblad AB is a Swedish manufacturer of medium-format cameras, photographic equipment and image scanners based in Gothenburg, Sweden. The company is best known for the classic medium-format cameras it produced since World War II.
Perhaps the most famous use of the Hasselblad camera was during the Apollo program missions when humans firstlanded on the Moon. Almost all of the still photographs taken during these missions used modified Hasselblad cameras.

Se. text: Victor Hasselblad AB är ett svenskt företag med säte i Göteborg som blivit världsberömt genom tillverkning avkameran Hasselblad. Det fusionerades 2004 med det danska företaget Imacon A/S och fokuserar uteslutande på digital fotografi. Sedan juni 2011 ägs Hasselblad av det tysk-schweiziska rikskapitalbolaget Ventizz.
Hu. text: A Victor Hasselblad AB egy svéd középformátumú fényképezőgépeket és fotográfiai felszereléseket gyártó cég. Székhelye Göteborg Svédországban.
A Hasselblad egy nagyon egyszerű feladatot tűzött maga elé több mint ötven évvel ezelőtt, a világ legjobb fényképezőgépét gyártani.
A céget kereskedelmi vállalkozásként alapították 1841-ben Göteborgban F.W. Hasselblad & Co. néven. Fő termékük a termosz volt.
Az alapító fia, Arvid Viktor Hasselblad érdeklődött a fotográfia iránt, ezért létrehozta a cég fotóosztályát. Nem gondolta, hogy ez hoz valami nyereséget is, de mint megjegyezte, legalább ingyen készíthet képeket. Arvid Hasselbalad 1877-ben megépíttetett egy irodaépületet, ami egészen 2002-ig megvolt. Megismerkedett George Eastmannel, az Eastman Kodakcég alapítójával. 1888-tól az Eastman Kodak svéd disztribútorává váltak, és sikeres üzleteket nyitottak az egész országban.
A cég fokozatosan az alapító unokája, Karl Erik Hassleblad irányítása alá került, aki 1924-től, tizennyolc éves korátólDrezdában néhány évig optikát tanult, majd Rochesterbe ment az Eastmenhez. 
1937-ben saját üzletet nyitott Göteborgban. ...

above: MedRes! The act similar to a FACP - Akár egy ERIP with 'Hasselblad' camera: Sammy Davis Jr., Marylin Monroe,  Photo: american Bunny Yeager amerikai fotós source: Gallery Schuster Berlin    below: NEW! NoHigher! The finder matte glas - kereső mattüveg

above: Left: MedRes! Right: NoHi! SLR - Single Lens Reflex camera cross section & schema - Egy Objektíves (lencsés) Reflex - Felcsapódó tükrös fényképezőgép

above: NoHigher! swedish '#Hasselblad' 500C SLRC with "#Planar" objective  Pinterest

above: NEW+! NoHigher! In Memoriam: David Bowie with Hasselblad camera

David Robert Jones (8 January 1947 – 10 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie (/ˈboʊi/), was an English singer, songwriter and actor. He was a figure in popular music for over five decades, regarded by critics and musicians as an innovator, particularly for his work in the 1970s. His career was marked by reinvention and visual presentation, his music and stagecraft significantly influencing popular music. During his lifetime, his record sales, estimated at 140 million worldwide, made him one of the world's best-selling music artists. In the UK, he was awarded nine platinum album certifications, eleven gold and eight silver, releasing eleven number-one albums. In the US, he received five platinum and seven gold certifications. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996.  ...
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hasselblad: Beautiful viewfinder. by Thi Lo - model Anastasia 
above: NoHigher! Prismas reader glasses for back positure - Prizmás olvasószemüveg
aboveNEW+! Divide  spectrum of Ray of White light - A Fehér fény színekre bontása
above: HiRes! Commercial laser lines.  source: Wikipedia
above: MedRes! Hu. text: Az Elektromágneses Spektrum
above: NoHigher! History of laser intensity   Wikipedia
 above & below Two: NoHigher! Hu. text: Princip of LASER   Haditechnikai Szemle - Zrínyi
above: Passive IR NVG - Night Vision Gogle - Infravörös Éjszakai Nézőkészülék
above: LASER - Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
above & below: Basic Princip of Laser: Cyrillic text
Hu. text: LASER = Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation - Fényerősítés Gerjesztett Sugárzás Kibocsájtásával - FEGSK A lézer olyan fényforrás, amely indukált emissziót használ egybefüggő fénysugár létrehozására. A lézerek tekintetében fény alatt bármilyen frekvenciájú elektromágneses sugárzást érthetünk, nem kizárólag csak látható fényt. Ennek megfelelően beszélhetünk például infravörös sugárzást és ibolyántúli sugárzást kibocsátó lézerekről is.
Legegyszerűbben kifejezve a lézer egy összetartott (koncentrált) fénysugár.

En. text: A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission ofelectromagnetic radiation. The term "laser" originated as an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation". The first laser was built in 1960 by Theodore H. Maiman at Hughes Laboratories, based on theoretical work by Charles Hard Townes and Arthur Leonard Schawlow. A laser differs from other sources of light in that it emits light coherently. Spatial coherence allows a laser to be focused to a tight spot, enabling applications such as laser cutting and lithography. Spatial coherence also allows a laser beam to stay narrow over great distances (collimation), enabling applications such as laser pointers. Lasers can also have high temporal coherence, which allows them to emit light with a very narrow spectrum, i.e., they can emit a single color of light. Temporal coherence can be used to produce pulses of light as short as a femto-second.
Among their many applications, lasers are used in optical disk drives, laser printers, and barcode scanners; fiber-opticand free-space optical communication; laser surgery and skin treatments; cutting and welding materials; military and law enforcement devices for marking targets and measuring range and speed; and laser lighting displays in entertainment.

above: MedRes! 3-Level Lasers: The Ruby LASER - Rubin Lézerek

aboveStimulated Emission - Fénykisugárzás Ösztönzése

above: NEW+! NoHigher! The hanging ruby crystal on "Victoria's Secret" demo diamant fitted lingerie by Candice Swanepoel - Rubin kristály függő a bemutató gyémántberakásos fehérneműn.

above: NoHigher!  HeNe Laser head construction    below: HiRes! HeNe tube
 above: MedRes! Laser Pointer structure - Lézermutató szerkezete
 above & belowMedRes! LP structure
above: NEW++! NoHigher! Crystal-Mirror cube as finger-ring on Tetona   source:
above: NoHigher! Laser Pointer Driver circuit
A laser pointer or laser pen is a small handheld device with a power source (usually a battery) and a laser diode emitting a very narrow coherent low-powered laser beam of visible light, intended to be used to highlight something of interest by illuminating it with a small bright spot of colored light. Power is restricted in most jurisdictions not to exceed 5 mW.  ...
 above: NoHigher! No Laser Pointer! It was 1970' HuDF's NBC Personal Nuclear DKP-50 Gamma-Ray Dose -Dosimeter - Dozimeter - személyi Dózismérő Gamma Művek - Works -Budapest-Hu.

above: MedRes! #HP #Hewlett-Packard LASER

The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California. It developed and provided a wide variety of hardware components as well as software and related services to consumers, small- and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) and large enterprises, including customers in the government, health and education sectors.  ...
above: NEW! MedRes! Block-diagram precision Laser Rangefinder
 NoHigher! LASER Basic Block diagrams
MedRes! US Patent; above: Schema of blocks   below: Pointing system
 above: HiRes! Schematics Block Diagram of US Patent    below: NEW! MedRes! US Patent LRF

above: MedRes! De. text: CO2 LASER
above Two: MedRes! Russian optical princip
above: MedRes! DPSS Laser Layout

above: NEWMedResHeidi Klum with special very expensive monolite glass-crystal eye (diamant) with "LASER crystal - Igen drága lézerkristállyal as Optical Quality Investigator - mint MEO-s." -"Victoria's Secret" exhibition

De. text: Heidi Klum (* 1. Juni 1973 in Bergisch Gladbach) ist ein deutsches Model. Seit 2008 besitzt sie auch die US-amerikanische Staatsbürgerschaft. Sie ist Jurorin, Moderatorin und Produzentin der Fernsehsendungen Germany’s Next Topmodel undProject Runway.  ...  
above: NEW! NoHigher! LASER Camera
Ru. text: Лида́р (транслитерация LIDAR англ. Light Identification Detection and Ranging — световое обнаружение и определение дальности) — технология получения и обработки информации об удалённых объектах с помощью активных оптических систем, использующих явления отражения света и его рассеяния в прозрачных и полупрозрачных средах.
Лидар как прибор представляет собой, как минимум, активный дальномер оптического диапазона. Сканирующие лидары в системах машинного зрения формируют двумерную или трёхмерную картину окружающего пространства. «Атмосферные» лидары способны не только определять расстояния до непрозрачных отражающих целей, но и анализировать свойства прозрачной среды, рассеивающей свет. Разновидностью атмосферных лидаров являются доплеровские лидары, определяющие направление и скорость перемещения воздушных потоков в различных слоях атмосферы.

Устоявшийся перевод LIDAR как «лазерный радар» не вполне корректен, так как в системах ближнего радиуса действия (например, предназначенных для работы в помещениях), главные свойства лазера: когерентность, высокие плотность и мгновенная мощность излучения — не востребованы; излучателями света в таких системах могут служить обычные светодиоды. Однако в основных сферах применения технологии (метеорология, геодезия и картография) с радиусами действия от сотен метров до сотен километров можно использовать только лазеры.

Hu. text: A LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) magyarul lézer alapú távérzékelés, vagy röviden lézerszkennelés, egy saját energiaforrással rendelkező távérzékelési rendszer. Eltérően a radartól a LIDAR az ultraviola, a látható vagy az infravörös tartományban működik. Működésének alapelve megegyezik más elektromágneses alapú geodéziai mérőállomás-nál (Electronic Distance Measuring Instrument) alkalmazott elvvel.
A LIDAR alapját képező lézer által kibocsátott energia-impulzus a terjedés irányában lévő tárgyakról objektumokról visszaverődik. A rendszer rögzíti az egyes impulzusok kibocsátása és visszaverődése között eltelt időt. Az elektromágneses energiaterjedési sebessége ismert, így a tárgy által visszavert sugár kibocsátásának és visszaérkezés idejének különbségéből meghatározható a tárgyaknak a lézertől való távolsága. ...

above: MedRes! LASER Seeker & Sight - Nabludatelny & Pricel
 above: NoHigher! Precision Laser rangefinders work by emitting beams.

above: NEW! HiRes! LASER beam reflector suit on Eva Green french star actress during movie "Dark Shadows" premiere.

En. text: Eva Gaëlle Green (French: [ɡʁin]; Swedish: [ˈɡɾeːn]; born 6 July 1980) is a French actress and model. She started her career in theatre before making her film debut in 2003 in Bernardo Bertolucci's film The Dreamers. She achieved international recognition when she appeared as Sibylla, Queen of Jerusalem in Ridley Scott's historical epic Kingdom of Heaven (2005), and portrayed Bond girlVesper Lynd in the James Bond film Casino Royale (2006). In 2006, Green was awarded the BAFTA Rising Star Award.
Since 2006, Green has starred in independent films Cracks (2009), Womb (2010), and Perfect Sense (2011). She has also appeared in the television series Camelot (2011), and played Angelique Bouchard in Tim Burton's big-screen adaptation of Dark Shadows (2012). In 2014, she played Artemisia in the 300 sequel, 300: Rise of an Empire, and Ava Lord in Frank Miller's and Robert Rodriguez's Sin City sequel, Sin City: A Dame to Kill For. She also starred as Vanessa Ives in Showtime's horror drama Penny Dreadful. Her performance in the series earned her a nomination for Best Actress in a Television Series – Drama at the 73rd Golden Globe Awards. In 2016, she played the titular character in Tim Burton's fantasy film Miss Peregrine's Home for Peculiar Children.  ...

Fr. text: Eva Green est une actrice française, née le 6 juillet 1980 à Paris.
Elle fait ses débuts au théâtre au début des années 2000 et décroche une nomination aux Molières. Elle se fait remarquer en 2003 dans le film de Bernardo Bertolucci, Innocents: The Dreamers. Lauréate d'un Rising Star Award en 2006, elle alterne par la suite superproductions, telles que Casino Royale - où elle interprète la « James Bond girl » Vesper Lynd - Kingdom of Heaven ou 300 : La Naissance d'un empire, et films indépendants comme Cracks, Womb, Dark World, White Bird,Dark Shadows ou encore Perfect Sense avec comme partenaire à l'écran Ewan McGregor. Elle a également joué dans la série Penny Dreadful de 2014 jusqu'à la fin de celle-ci en 2016.

aboveMedRes! 'NIKON' "Foresty Pro" LASER rangefinder
above: NoHigher! DDR hergestellt Carl Zeiss Jena: AHLTA-010 Tachymeter-Theodolite

above: Juci'ba's collect from MOM prospekt 1972.: NEW++! MedRes! MOM - Magyar Optikai Művek - Hungarian Optical Works' - Ungarische OIptische Werke Automatic precision Niveller "A" classe Ni-A3 from 1969. Winner of Brussel Messe by Gold slot. -Juci'bá a MOM-nevelt-
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Cutaway of Swiss Kern GKO-A automatische niveller  - szintező
above: NoHigher!  Cohetrent Sapphire Laser

above Two: MedRes! JDS Uniphase model SLM Laser Head  below: NoHighsource: repairfaq
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplificationbased on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation. The term "laser" originated as an acronym for "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation  ...
#LASER-Pointer: above: MedRes! 635nm Red Laser Pointer mountable on a tripod - DANGER
above: NEW! MedRes! Star-Wars light saber as LASER-Pointer - StarWars fénykard mint Lézer Pointer

above: NoHigher! Very High Dangerous Electromagnetic entity: celeb Carmen ELECTRA

Hu. text: Tara Leigh Patrick művésznevén: Carmen Electra (Sharonville, Ohio, 1972. április 20. –) amerikai glamour modell, színésznő, televíziós személyiség, énekes, táncos és szex szimbólum. A hírnevet a Playboy magazin címlapjával, a Baywatch televíziós sorozattal, a Pussycat Dolls táncosaként, a Horrorra akadva, a Csajozós film, a Bazi nagy film, a Spárta a köbön és a Katasztrófafilm-mel szerezte. 2005 óta minden évben jelölik Arany Málna díj-ra.  ...  wiki/Carmen

above: NEW! MedRes! Juci'bacsi scanned collection from Hu. magazine: Carmen Electra

above: NEW++! MedRes! US actress Tiffani Amber Thiessen with red micro marker

Hu. text: Tiffani Amber Thiessen (1974. január 23. –) amerikai színésznő. Legismertebb szerepe a Beverly Hills 90210-ből Valeria Malone.  ...

above: NoHighert! Other miniature Rubin LipStick Human Designators & Pointer & Markers:
Rouge charges; #L'Oreal #Paris,  Charms-Polyvore key holder, #Revlon #New-York

above: #HiTech filters #UV - #LASER - IR - #Disco glasses
above: NoHigher! T-90U in TZK reticle    below: NoHigher! T-90 "Shtora" ATGM IR Jammer
above: NoHigher! Ukraine T-80UK with "Stora" LASER & IR Jammer  equipments   Pinterest
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Soviet 1D15 LCD
above: MedRes! T-80 KAZD "Drozsd"
above: MedRes! T-90 "Shtora"-"Curtain"-"Függöny" Anti-Laser/IR system

above: NEW++! NoHigher! The "Shtora - Curtain" in light filter application

above: NoHigher! Russian SANTIMETR - Kitolov
The 30F39 Krasnopol is a Russian 152/155 mm cannon-launched, fin-stabilized, base bleed-assisted, semi-automatic laser-guided, explosive projectile. It automatically 'homes' on a point illuminated by a laser designator, typically operated by a ground-based artillery observer. It is intended to engage small ground targets such as tanks, other direct fire weapons, strong-points, or other significant point targets visible to the observer. It can be used against both stationary and moving targets (providing these remain within the observer's field of view).
In February 1986 the Krasnopol system was adopted by the Soviet Army and began mass production inIzhmash and Izhmeh factories. Since 2002 it is augmented by the 120-122 mm Kitolov-2 laser-guided system. ...    below: MedRes! Ammo - Guided Shell
«Краснополь» — корректируемый артиллерийский боеприпас калибра 152 или 155 мм. Предназначен для поражения бронированных целей и военных объектов с первого выстрела. Коррекция выполняется аэродинамическими рулями на конечном участке полета по лазерной отметке на цели. Для увеличения дальности стрельбы снаряд имеет реактивный двигатель или донный газогенератор. Развитые аэродинамические поверхности обеспечивают планирование к цели, увеличивая дальность и уменьшая ограничения по высоте облачности.
Входит в российский комплекс управляемого артиллерийского вооружения, разработанный в тульском КБ Приборостроения. Экспортные версии снаряда адаптированы к соответствующим комплексам стран-импортеров. Серийное производство ведётся ОАО «Ижмаш», головка самонаведения (ГСН) для снаряда изготавливается ЛОМО

above: NoHigher! Left: Russian "Krasnopol" complex    Right: "Kitolov"-M2
above: NoHigher! 'Kitolov' with SPH/PzH 2S3 "Akacija" 152 mm Canone-Howitzer
above: NEW! NoHigher! Same as optic on "Kornet" ATGM complex - Állványos IPTR.
The Kornet (Russian: "Корнет"; English: Cornet) is a Russian anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). It is intended for use against main battle tanks, but is not intended to fully replace previous systems, due to its high cost. The missile carries the GRAU designation 9M133 and the NATO reporting name AT-14 Spriggan. It was first introduced into service with the Russian Army in 1998. Its export designation is the Kornet-E.  ...  below: 9M MedRes!
above: HiRes! "Kitolov" LDRF & TIS 1D26 Laser Designator Range Finder with 1PN79M-3 Thermal Imaging Sight at Engineering Technologies Exchibition 2012.
above: NEW++! NoHigher! Fig.ur 2: Mount legs
above: NEW++! NoHigher! 1D21 "Krasnopol" 1PN79M  photo: Korotchenko -

above: NEW! MedRes! "Kornet" hordozható IPTR - Irányítható Páncéltörő Rakéta komplexum

Метис (индекс комплекса/ракеты — 9К115, по классификации НАТО и МО США — AT-7 Saxhorn) — советский/российский переносной противотанковый ракетный комплекс ротного звена с полуавтоматическим командным наведением по проводам. Относится к ПТРК второго поколения. Разработан тульским КБ Приборостроения. Комплекс предназначен для поражения визуально наблюдаемых неподвижной и движущейся, с фланговыми скоростями до 60 км/ч, бронированных техники и огневых точек.  ...  /
above: NEW+! NoHigher! 'Metis'-Mulat
The 9K115-2 Metis-M is a Russian anti-tank missile system. "9K115-2" is the GRAU designation of the missile system. Its NATO reporting name is AT-13 Saxhorn-2. The system is designed to augment the combat power of company-levelmotorized units.  ...  /
above: NoHigher! LCD-3 - 1D26 mezhdunarodnyi voenno morskoi salon lazernyi

above: NoHigher! GRU Spetsnaz Spotter officer using a 1D26 “Atoll” laser rangefinder/target designator during Russian operation in Georgia, 2008.  source:

En. text: Spetsnaz (Russian: спецназ; IPA: [spʲɪt͜s'nas]), abbreviation for Войска специального назначения, tr. Voyska spetsialnogo naznacheniyapronounced [vɐjsˈka spʲɪt͡sɨˈalʲnəvə nəznɐˈt͜ɕenʲɪjə] (English: Special Purpose Forces or Special Purpose Military Units), is an umbrella termfor special forces in Russian and is used in numerous post-Soviet states. Historically, the term referred to special military units controlled by the military intelligence service GRU (Spetsnaz GRU). It also describes special purpose units, or task forces of other ministries (such as the Ministry of Emergency Situations' special rescue unit) in post-Soviet countries.

As Spetsnaz is a Russian term, it is typically associated with the special forces units of Russia; but other post-Soviet states often refer to their special forces by the term as well since they inherited their special purpose units from the now-defunct Soviet security agencies. The 5th Spetsnaz Brigade of Belarus or the Alpha Group of the Security Service of Ukraine are both such examples of non-Russian Spetsnaz forces.
Hu. text: A szpecnaz (oroszul: Войска специального назначения, jelentése különleges rendeltetésű erők, röviden спецназ) az orosz hadsereg és biztonsági szolgálat különleges alakulatainak összefoglaló elnevezése. Legismertebb szervezeti ága a Szpecnaz GRU, mely egyben az orosz szárazföldi hadsereg különleges műveleti alakulata is.

Ru. text: Подразделе́ния специа́льного назначе́ния Росси́йской Федера́ции — специальные подразделения и части различных специальных органов (спецслужб) Российской Федерации, Вооружённых сил и полиции (милиции), а также антитеррористические подразделения, предназначенные для обезвреживания и уничтожения террористических организаций, проведения специальных мероприятий в глубоком тылу противника, диверсий и выполнения прочих сложных боевых задач.  На военном жаргоне и в просторечии — спецназ.
NEW+! above: HiRes!    below: NEW! HiRes! Fairy IDF panzerkillergirl
below: NoHigher! Israeli made 'Spike' Portable Manpad ATGM
Spike is an Israeli fourth generation man-portable fire-and-forget anti-tank guided missile and anti-personnel missile with a tandem-chargeHEAT warhead, developed and designed by the Israeli company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems. As of 2016, some 25,600 missiles of the Spike family have been sold to 25 nations.
As well as engaging and destroying targets within the line-of-sight of the launcher ("fire-and-forget"), some variants of the missile are capable of making a top-attack profile through a "fire, observe and update" guidance method; the operator tracking the target, or switching to another target, optically through the trailing fiber-optic wire (or RF link in the case of the vehicle-mounted, long-range NLOS variant) while the missile is climbing to altitude after launch. This is similar to the lofted trajectory flight profile of the US FGM-148 Javelin.

aboveHiResTaylor Swift american star singer as FACP / Lader of JTAC
Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. Throughout her career, she has become one of the most popular female contemporary singers. She is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which has received much media attention.
above: NoHigher! Taylor's desired Cameraman in Her concert with AN/PED-1
Star Wars LASER:

belowMedRes! Logo of LASER light -the Danger! multi language - a Veszély! több nyelven; En./Fr.: DANGER!/HAZARD!, Fr.: DANGEROSITÉ!, De.: GEFAHR!, Nl.: BEDREIGING!, It.: PERICOLO!, La.: Periculum!, Es.: PELIGRO!, Tr.: TEHDIT!, Cz.: OHROŽENÍ!, Ru.: ОПАСНО!, Fa.: مخاطره!, Ja.: 危険有害性!, Hu.: VESZÉLY!

Risk = Hazard hazard is a situation that poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment. Most hazards are dormant or potential, with o: nly a theoretical risk of harm; however, once a hazard becomes "active", it can create an emergency. A hazardous situation that has come to pass is called an incident. Hazard andpossibility interact together to create risk. Identification of hazard risks is the first step in performing a risk assessment.

above: NoHigher! "The Designator's Trainer: Aussie american star actress #Nicole #Kidman

"To Die For" is a comedy film released in 1995. It is based on the book "To Die For" by Maynard, Joyce. . The film stars Nicole Kidman as Suzanne Stone Maretto, Matt Dillon as Larry Maretto and Joaquin Phoenix as Jimmy Emmett. To Die For was produced for $20,000,000. Since it's release it has grossed over $21,000,000 in ticket sales.  Hu. text: "Majd megdöglik érte/To Die For/. prev. next. színes ... Golden Globe-díj (1996) - Legjobb színésznő - zenés film és vígjáték kategória
Nicole Mary Kidman, AC (born 20 June 1967) is an Australian actress and film producer. Kidman's breakthrough roles were in the 1989 feature film thriller Dead Calm and television thriller miniseries Bangkok Hilton.  ...
above: NoHiGher! CORBIS LWLD
above: NoHigher! Hungarian MOM "Photobox" 6 x 6 cm SLR Box camera late 1950's  Retro
above: HiRes! Canon 30-300 Videocamera  source: Pinterest: photo: Jap. AkibaPhotography 2014.
above: MedRes! CILAS DHY AN/PEQ-17 SOF-USAF's TACP, operating a SOFLAM
The French CILAS DHY 307 family of Ground Laser Target Designators (GLTDs) includes laser modules providing ultra-compact solution for optronics payloads of helicopters, UAVs and land platforms. They have been designed with proprietary, ITAR-free, laser athermal technology to provide high performance Semi Active Laser guidance.
The DHY 307 LWS has:
  • A 4 kg class 
  • No warm-up 
  • A laser see spot camera
above: NEW! NoHigher! JTAC's wife "Lana" at home with Her toys  photo: Alexander Lobanov
 above Two: NoHigher! CORBIS CILAS LASER Designator    below: AN/PEQ-17 SOFLAM - Special Operations Forces Laser Marker - Klgs.Müv. Lézer Megjelölő - KMLMJ   Pinterest
Magyarország NATO csatlakozása után 2000-ben kezdődött el a közvetlen légi támogatás (CAS4 ) gyakorlása Szolnokon a harci helikopter zászlóaljnál. A harci helikopterek irányítását, földi célokra történő rávezetését a földről – levegő-föld fegyverzetalkalmazásban jártas – kijelölt helikoptervezetők hajtották végre. Nyilvánvalóvá vált azonban, hogy a hatékony fegyverzetalkalmazáshoz magas szinten képzett, a légierő és a szárazföldi csapatok harceljá- rásait ismerő bevetésre alkalmas előretolt repülésirányítókra van szükség, ezért 2006-ban megalakították az MH 86. Szolnok Helikopter Bázison (MH 86. SZHB) az Előretolt Repülésirányító Csoportot (ERICS). A magyar erőfeszíté- seket támogatva és elismerve 2012-ben az Egyesült Államok által vezetett5 ellenőr csoport felmérte a hazai képesség helyzetét, melyről tájékoztatták a Honvéd Vezérkar vezetését. Cikkemben be szeretném mutatni az értékelés menetét, eredményét, valamint javaslataimat a további teendők megtételére a képesség fenntartása érdekében. THE HUNGARIAN FORWARD AIR CONTROLLER (JTAC/FAC) PROGRAM EVALUATION IN THE LIGHT OF THE DUAL SURVEY After Hungary’s accession to NATO in 2000 began the exercise of close air support at Szolnok in the attack helicopter battalion. Initially control of combat helicopters from the ground, attacking ground targets was executed by assigned experienced helicopter pilots. However it became apparent that the effective use of weapon systems needed highly trained, qualified forward air controllers aware of air force and ground forces procedures. Consequently in 2006 the Hungarian Forward Air Controller Unit was established at the 86th Szolnok Helicopter Base. In 2012 recognizing and supporting the efforts of Hungary a team of evaluators led by the United States Joint Staff assessed the state of the domestic capability, and the outcome was informed to the leadership of the Hungarian Defence Staff. In my study I will show the steps taken in order to reach current standards, the result of the evaluation, and to make my suggestions for further action in order to maintain the capability. BEVEZETÉS 2012. szeptember 10 és 14 között került sor Magyarországon a hazai „JTAC/FAC Program” (a továbbiakban: Program) felmérésére, akkreditációjára. Az akkreditációk történetében ez volt az első olyan alkalom, hogy az amerikai- és a NATO követelményeknek való megfelelésnek a vizsgálatát egyszerre, egy közös ellenőri csoporttal hajtották végre. A JFS ESC és az FCS kijelölt ellenőreinek vizsgálniuk kellett a Program és a két alapdokumentum – Összhaderőnemi Közvetlen Légi Támogatás Egyetértési Megállapodás (JCAS MOA6 , a továbbiakban: MOA) és 1 alezredes, főtiszt, NATO Légierő Parancsnokság (AIRCOM), Ramstein, korábbi JTAC Program menedzser,, 2 Joint Terminal Attack Controller/Forward Air Controller 3 Lektorálta: Dr. habil. Krajnc Zoltán alezredes, egyetemi docens NKE, 4 Close Air Support 5 JFS ESC – Joint Fire Support Executive Steering Committe által delegált (USA, CAN) ellenőrök és a NATO FCS – FAC Capability Section (AIRCOM Ramstein) (CZE, ITA ) képviselői 6 JCAS MOA – Joint Close Air Support Memorandum of Agreement 8 az előretolt repülésirányítókra vonatkozó NATO Egységesítési Megállapodás (NATO STANAG 3797 Ed. 47 , a továbbiakban: STANAG) – kompatibilitását. Az ellenőrök nem először jártak Magyarországon: 2008 és 2012 között8 különböző csoportokban, a MOA és a STANAG által előírt lépéseknek megfelelően már előzetesen felmérték a Program helyzetét, illetve olyan tájékoztatókat, kiképzési rendezvényeket tartottak, melyekkel elősegítették a magyar JTAC/FAC képesség létrehozását . ...
above: LASER Designator Illuminate for missile strike   below: MedRes! Princip of Triangulation
above & belowMedResSlide: AN/PAQ-1: Reconnaissance índ Surveillance Leader Course
above: AN/PAQ-3 MULE   slide   origin source:
above: HiRes! AN/PAQ-3 Modular Universal Laser Equipment (MULE)
above: NEW+! NoHigher! AN/TVQ-2
A laser designator is a laser light source which is used to designate a target. Laser designators provide targeting for laser-guided bombs, missiles, or precision artillerymunitions, such as the Paveway series of bombs, AGM-114 Hellfire, or the M712 Copperhead round, respectively.
When a target is marked by a designator, the beam is invisible and does not shine continuously. Instead, a series of coded pulses of laser-light are fired. These signals bounce off the target into the sky, where they are detected by the seeker on the laser guided munition, which steers itself towards the centre of the reflected signal. Unless the people being targeted possess laser detection equipment or can hear aircraft overhead, it is extremely difficult for them to tell whether they are being marked or not. Laser designators work best in clear atmospheric conditions. Cloud cover, rain or smoke can make reliable designation of targets difficult or even impossible. - Deployment
Laser designators may be mounted on aircraft, ground vehicles, naval vessels, or handheld.  Wikipedia
above: NEW+! NoHigher! similar Ray - Rája
above: NoHigher! LLDR AN/PED-1W Laser Rangefinder & IR block   source: flickr
above: NoHigher! G/VLLD AN/PED-1 in Afghanistan
above: NoHigher! Diagrams - Procedures   pics: source: PPTs - ZMKA
aboveMedResSlide: Reconnaissance índ Surveillance Leader Course
above: NoHigh! GLLD COLT team laser designator   source: Combatreform,org
above: MedRes! USAF's JTAC AN/PED-1 LASER Designator
AN/PED-1 Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR) man-portable, modular target locator and laser designation system. The primary components Target Locator Module and the Laser Designator Module. 
The AN/PED-1 LLDR provides a unique capability to Forward Observers, Forward Air Controllers and Naval Gunfire Spot Teams. The system can recognize targets in day/night/obscurant conditions, range to the target at an eyesafe wavelength, and calculate grid coordinates with its own GPS/Elevation/Azimuth capability.
The system then provides this information to other members of the Digital Battlefield. Also included is a NATO coded laser designator for use with Semi-Active Laser Guided Missiles and Laser Spot Trackers.
Service and Support
LLDR Service Line: 866-669-5537
General LLDR request for information  ...

above: NoHigher! Catadioptric Mirror objective

above: NEW! NoHigher! Newtonian Reflector - Cassegrainian Reflector

above: NoHigher! 'Galileo' star-scope in living room
NoHigher! above: pri mirror-focus    below: Reflecting Objective
above: NoHigher! Northrop-Grumman  handheld LLDR
source: Google gallery
The new laser designator incorporates its own GPS to determine its location, along with a digital compass, celestial navigation system, thermal imager and camera. It costs $340,000 and weighs just over 31 pounds, five pounds less than older laser designators. The first of 200 new units was fielded at Fort Bragg in February, and they will be rolled out Army-wide in coming months, officials said.
above & below: NoHigher! ELEC LLDR - Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder

above: NEW+! NoHigherRobert Downey Jr., Iron Man  "with Laser designator"  Pinterest

Robert John Downey Jr. (born April 4, 1965) is an American actor. His career has included critical and popular success in his youth, followed by a period of substance abuse and legal troubles, and a resurgence of commercial success in middle age. For three consecutive years from 2012 to 2015, Downey has topped the Forbes list of Hollywood's highest-paid actors, making an estimated $80 million in earnings between June 2014 and June 2015. ...
above: MedRes! AN/PED-1W   source: flickr
above: MedRes! LLDR AN/PED-1 - William Hill
LASER Designators
A laser designator is a laser light source which is used to designate a target. Laser designators provide targeting for laser-guided bombs, missiles, or precision artillery munitions, such as the Paveway series of bombs, AGM-114 Hellfire, or the M712 Copperhead round, respectively.
When a target is marked by a designator, the beam is invisible and does not shine continuously. Instead, a series of coded pulses of laser-light are fired. These signals bounce off the target into the sky, where they are detected by the seeker on the laser guided munition, which steers itself towards the centre of the reflected signal. Unless the people being targeted possess laser detection equipment or can hear aircraft overhead, it is extremely difficult for them to tell whether they are being marked or not. Laser designators work best in clear atmospheric conditions. Cloud cover, rain or smoke can make reliable designation of targets difficult or even impossible.
Laser designators may be mounted on aircraft, ground vehicles, naval vessels, or handheld.

Airborne: The U.S. Air Force selected the Lockheed Martin's Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod (ATP) in 2004. It equipped multiple USAF platforms such as the F-16, F-15E, B-1, B-52, and A-10C. It also operates on multiple international fighter platforms. The U.S. Navy currently employ LITENING and ATFLIR targeting pods on a variety of strike aircraft. The Litening II is widely used by many other of the world’s air forces. The United Kingdom’s Royal Air Force use the Litening III system and the French use the Damocles and ATLIS II.

Ground-based: U.S. Air Force Joint Terminal Air Controllers and Marine Corps Forward Air Controllers typically employ a lightweight device, such as the AN/PED-1 Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR), permitting them to designate targets for Close Air Support aircraft flying overhead and in close proximity to friendly forces. Northrop Grumman's LLDR, using an eye-safe laser wavelength, recognizes targets, finds the range to a target, and fixes target locations for laser-guided, GPS-guided, and conventional munitions. This lightweight, interoperable system uniquely provides range finding and targeting information to other digital battlefield systems allowing the system to provide targeting information for non-guided munitions, or when laser designation is unreliable due to battlefield conditions. Pakistan Army uses home made laser designator LDR-4. ...
above: MedRes! Slide: Reconnaissance índ Surveillance Leader Course
above: MedRes! ELEC LLDR AN/PED1 in Field Use   below: NoHigh! Med: Simulator

aboveMedRes! LLDR game ?? reticle

aboveMedRes! GBU-12 "Paveway-II?" LASER guided bomb profile artwork.
below: MedRes! "Brimstone" AGM schema of Producers
British Surveillance System and Range Finder - The SSARF units are the size of a large pair of binoculars and are used in a similar way. The all-weather, day and night system is hand-held, lightweight, and combines uncooled thermal imagery system, 6x day optic, eye-safe laser rangefinder with a 5 km range and integrated magnetic compass with built-in GPS. The embedded military Global Positioning Satellite and azimuth angular referencing provide accurate target location data for both mortar and artillery fire control.
SSARF units have been deployed operationally and are providing British troops in the field with an ultra-lightweight, compact, multi-role, night vision target locator capability. The SSARF is being made capable of producing and passing target records on Bowman data radio channels to feed info in the network. 697 have been acquired, 153 of which are RA allocated.
Elbit Systems Ltd. is an Israel-based international defense electronics company engaged in a wide range of programs throughout the world. The Company, which includes Elbit Systems and its subsidiaries, operates in the areas of aerospace, land and naval systems, command, control, communications, computers, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance ("C4ISR"), unmanned aircraft systems ("UAS"), advanced electro-optics, electro-optic space systems, EW suites, signal intelligence ("SIGINT") systems, data links and communications systems and radios.
The Company also focuses on the upgrading of existing military platforms, developing new technologies for defense, homeland security and commercial aviation applications and providing a range of support services, including training and simulation systems.

In 2013, Elbit Systems had approximately 12,000 employees, the majority of whom are engaged in engineering, research and development, and other technical areas.

Elbit Systems' shares are traded on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange and OTC in the United States (NASDAQ:ESLT). ...
 NEW! above: MedRes! EPLA and HOT Missile on elevating platform on MAN below: NoHigher!
Blogger megjegyz: Hu. text: A Déli határunk (GyODA) védelméhez jól jönnének ilyen fajtájú de Magyar gyártmányú (pl. gamma) Megfigyelő és lövöldözős rendszerek. JTAC/FACP-AFO-nak is jó meg IPTR-nak ahohy a képen.
above: NEW+! MedRes! Eagle-III
 aboveNEWMedRes! Spanish Land Surveillance and Reconnaissance System by Navantia At Eurosatory, the Spanish company NAVANTIA-FABA presents the integrated Land Surveillance and Reconnaissance System (S.E.R.T.).

above & below: NEW+NoHigher! Mounted / periscopes Surveillance & Designator systems ETAS

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Czech made system on BMP-1 IFV chassis
 NEW+! NoHigher! Czech made PPK: above: Bahna    below: Snezka in SFOR

above: NoHigher! Vintage Hollywood starring Lynda Carter as "Wonder Woman" "Missillady"

Lynda Carter (born Linda Jean Córdova Carter; July 24, 1951) is an American actress, singer, songwriter and beauty pageant titleholder who was crowned Miss World America 1972 and also the star of the TV series Wonder Woman from 1975 to 1979.  ...
above: MedRes! JTAC in Afghanistan    below: NEW! NoHigher! The Pointer mily woman
above: NoHigher! Russian military leather map bag. "I need to find one of these for my iPad"
above: NEW++! MedRes! Mapcase in holder mode - Térképtáska hordhelyzetben mellbimbo

aboveMedRes! Logbook writing: by Scarlett Johansson Hollywoood star actress.

Scarlett Johansson (/dʒoʊˈhænsən/; born November 22, 1984) is an American actress, model, and singer. She made her film debut in North (1994). Johansson subsequently starred in Manny & Lo in 1996, and garnered further acclaim and prominence with roles in The Horse Whisperer (1998) and Ghost World (2001). She shifted to adult roles with her performances in Girl with a Pearl Earring(2003) and Sofia Coppola's Lost in Translation (2003), for which she won a BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role.  ...

above: NoHigher! Left: E-6B navigation computer logar disc    Right: Wrist mappa
above: MedRes! JTAC Kit Power Supply Desired Characteristics
above: NoHigher! USAF's JTAC    photo: USAF  Moody

above: MedRes! singer Christina Aquilera is dedicates signature to ATO's Coordination sheet.

Hu. text: Christina Maria Aguilera (New York, 1980. december 18.) hatszoros Grammy-díjas amerikai popénekesnő és dalszövegíró. A televízióban először a Star Search program jelöltjeként mutatkozott be, majd a Disney Channel The New Mickey Mouse Club című műsorában szerepelt 1994-ig. 1998-ban miután elkészítette a Mulan című Disneyrajzfilm betétdalát, a "Reflection" című felvételt, az énekesnő lemezszerződést kötött az RCA Records kiadóval...
above: NEW++! NoHigher! "Sierra" tactical west & Kevlar helmet
above: MedRes! JTAC with "Apache"  source:

above: Katy Perry answering and reporting to Him

Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, művésznevén Katy Perry (Santa Barbara, Kalifornia, 1984. október 25. –) amerikai énekesnő és dalszerző, a jelenkori popzene egyik kiemelkedő alakja.  wiki/Katy

above: NoHigher! Make Up notebook for Human factoring
above: NoHigher! UK Ministry of Defence   below: MedRes! UK

above: NEW++! Hungarian retro, Supermodels: Left: MedRes! Kalmár Zita BRG - Budapesti Rádiótechnikai Gyár - Radiotechnic Fabric in Budapest  1980's  Right: NoHigher! Pataki Ági  Talkie-Walkie radios  Pinterest
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Polish Army's JTAC

above: NEW! MedRes! HuDF JTAC workstration in Mercedes-'G' klasse jeep

above: NEW+! NoHigher! ELEC WIN-T Tactical Architecture

above: NH! HiTech Zoomable contact lens - Zoomolásra képes kontaktlencse - Eye anatomy
above: MedRes! The Stereo view by binocular
above: NoHigher! Opthalmolegic Eye inspection - Szemészeti vizsgálat
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Carl-Zeiss Jena made UMG on OEM-2 arty stereo RF stativ

above: MedRes! RIEGL Long Range 3D Terrestial Laser Scanner System LMS-Z210ii

RIEGL Laser Measurement Systems GmbH. Riedenburgstraße 48, A-3580 Horn, Austria
Phone +43 2982 4211, Fax +43 2982 4210  office{at}{.}at,

above: NoHigherJiří Hanzelka "On the Headhunters' Land" "A Fejvadászok földjén" book
Hu. text: Az 1950-es évek általában teljesen reklámellenes szocialista kommunikációjának abszolút médiasztárja volt két cseh férfi, Jiří Hanzelka (1920−2003) és Miroslav Zikmund (1919−). A Tatra autógyár megbízásából és kocsijával beutazták az egész világot. Éveken keresztül tele volt velük a (kelet-európai) sajtó, útjukról, útjaikról könyvek, mozgó- és diafilmek jelentek meg. A szocialista ipar frontemberei voltak. Az autó Tatraplan névre hallgatott. Ma már csak emlék.
Tatra T-87 "Tatraplan" car:
above: NoHigher! Czechoslovakien "Star FAC's optics" during 1947 - 1950 in the World
above: NoHi! The very important instrument, the aneroid Barométer - a Szelencés Légnyomásmérő. Therefore  must be report the surface QFE anf AMSL QNH airpressure data
above: NoHigher! Swiss IWC - International Watch Company 'Schaffhausen' Big Pilot Top Gun "Miramar" Automatic. Very good solution for JTAC members.
Distinctive originals of horology, that is the undisputed specialty of the watch manufacture IWC Schaffhausen: The famous Da Vinci with perpetual calendar for example, as well as the Grande Complication, which was the first of this type for the wrist. But also the super-antimagnetic Ingenieur or the dive watches, which can even withstand the pressure of a water depth of 2000 meters, and the GST Deep One as the first dive watch with mechanical depth gauge have to be mentioned here. From IWC stem decades of professional pilot's watches. And since the founding year of 1868 there are the unsurpassed high-qualitypocket watches by IWC.  ...
above: NoHigher! Wristheld GARMIN trex 401 GPS receiver
above: NoHigher! Close Air LCD C-EAGR
above: NoHigher! 'Tyana" Runway Fashion Show - Divatbemutató kifutó  source: Pinterest
 above & below Three: MedRes! RussianVVS' FAC's MVK-2  source: Twower

above: NoHigher! USAF JTAC Personal Computer      below: HiRes! Back pack Computer
aboveNoHigher! ELBIT ESA for AUSA 2015. Common Intelligent Display-II.  is a ruggedized smart display for multiple military platforms that fully integrates cutting edge computing with a high resolution display and wide viewing angles      below: NoHigher! CILAS DHY
above: NoHigher! Israeli RAFAEL

above: NEW! HiRes! The HP -Hewlett-Packard & Intel Computer service Expert during comeing the site of battle

above: NoHigher! Soviet/Russian DSz-1 - is it Conventional?

above: NEW++! NoHigher! TEAM6  Demolition Group NAVY SEAL's Compass - Watch

above: NoHigher! Left: Curvimeter for mapping mesuring of distance.  Right: Sundial Compass
above: NoHigher! Soviet Poljot "Sekonda" stopwatch with  Tachymeter (speedometer) & TELEMETER - Distance measure inner dial for blast sound range measuring by flash
above: NoHigher! Made in Germany: 'Junghans' "Chronoscope" with Telemeter dial
De. text: Junghans ist ein Uhrenhersteller, der 1861 in Schramberg im Schwarzwald gegründet wurde und mit zeitweise über 3000 Beschäftigten der größte Uhrenhersteller der Welt war.
Heute wird der Markenname Junghans von zwei voneinander unabhängigen Gesellschaften geführt, derUhrenfabrik Junghans GmbH & Co. KG und der Junghans Microtec GmbH, die Wehrtechnik herstellt. Beide Gesellschaften sind aus der früheren Gebrüder Junghans AG hervorgegangen.
En. text: Junghans Uhren GmbH is a German watch and clock manufacturer. Junghans had the largest watch and clock factory with over 3000 employees in the year 1903. The company is located in Schramberg, Baden-Württemberg.
above: MedRes! LW's Junkers Ju-87G 'Stuka' (Sturzkampfflugzeuge) "Kanonenvogel"
above: HiRes! WW-Two Luftwaffe's Junkers Ju-87 FAC accesorie: 'Hanhart' watch - uhr, 'Askania' wrist compass and Iron Cross.
above: NEW+! HiRes! WW-Two Wermacht Blitzkrieg CAS for "Tiger & "Panther" by FW 190s
above: NEW! HiRes! CAS scene paint; Battle of Kursk - Kurszki csata 1943.

above: NoHigher! Snowpanther watching - Hópárduc nézés-figyelés  "Macheck"

above: NoHigher! Germany Bundeswehr - Luftwaffe FAC "Nyxus" LLD   Airbus
above: MedRes! Swiss since 1882. ZODIAC military watch
below: NoHigher! Watching French SAGEM 'UHU' Owl - Figyelő Bagoly
above: MedRes! French Airbus LLD  Airbus    below: French SCARAB Rt-Qtr Tilod L3  Left: MedRes!  Right: NoHigher! Company Warrior
aboveNoHigherSKYlasers green laser pointers   Pinterest

aboveMedRes! 'Titan Ladies - Aviatrixes" - 'Gynoids' from: World famous Japanese erotic artist: Hajime #Sorayama "Gynoids" Valiant - Pinterest

NoHigher! Google's #Smart-glasses - #Okosszemüveg   source:

Google Smart Glass

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Recon Zeal Optics Transcend Goggles, Worlds First with GPS Head-Mounted Display

above: NoHigher! Girle "Smart Helmet - PTK Okossisak" (Putyilov Traktor és Kenyérgyár)

NEW+NoHigherabove: The best target designator a DShK 12,7 mm heavy m.g. in Afghanistan   below: Military Jamboree vest Eagle  Industrie with Cummerbund

above: NEW! MedRes! Enemy's amazing Amazon JTAC Hunters   source:
above: NoHigher! Hungarian very popular singer "Sandy" commanding ? - vezényel?
Pintácsi Alexandra, művésznevén Szandi (Budapest, 1976. július 7.) kétszeres EMeRTon-díjas magyar énekesnő.
above: NoHigher! GRU 'Spetsnaz' Spotter officer using a 1D29 “Atoll” laser rangefinder/target designator during Russian operation in Georgia, 2008.  source: Pinterest
above: MedRes! R143 VHF - URH Radio - Rádióállomás

above: NEW! NoHigher! The Steampunk radio Operator hears the report of Call Center  - A rádió-operátor hallgatja a Callcenter jelentését.  source: facebook - Steampunk group

above: NoHigher! Russian Army's  LTSD-3 1D29 "Atoll" LLDR
Лазерный целеуказатель-дальномер ЛЦД-3/4-1 / 1Д29
above: MedRes!   below: MedRes!  source:
above: NoHigher! Two view 1D26 "Atoll"    below Two: MedRes! Inner assembly

above: MedRes! Support mechanism      below: NoHigher!  Control Display
above: HiRes! The set - A készlet     below: NoHigher!

above: Left: NoHigher! Germany "Art Deco" 'Rolleiflex' "Rolleicord" 6 x 6 DLR   Right: HiRes! Japanese 'Yashica' MAT-124

above: 'ROLLEIFLEX' Left: MedRes! Handbook   Right: MedRes! Cross section drawing
aboveMedRes! 'Rolleiflex': photoartist Bunny Yeager amerikai-fotos-pinup   forrás: Gallery Schuster Berlin   Pinterest
above: HiRes! Japanese vintage 'Yashica' 1960's Retro Pin-Up by Cythux
above: Sextant's scan: NEW! NoHigher! "Overthere flies the... little monkey"

above: NoHigher! #SONY DEV-3 Digital Recording Binoculars - Videofelvevős távcső

NoHigher! 1D29
above: NoHigher! CILAS DHY-307 Laser Target Designator  source: Wikipedia
The DHY 307 family of Ground Laser Target Designators (GLTDs) includes laser modules providing ultra-compact solution for optronics payloads of helicopters, UAVs and land platforms. They have been designed with proprietary, ITAR-free, laser athermal technology to provide high performance Semi Active Laser guidance.
CILAS’ Laser Target Designators have been successfully fielded by major defense forces such NATO armed forces, the French Defense Forces and modern defense forces around the world. 
A solid reputation:
In operation for more than 20 years, CILAS Laser Target Designators have demonstrated their reliability under all critical environments by day and night. They are suited for closed air support missions, forward observer operations and forward air control missions.     below Two: HiRes! DHY-30

The United States Army Special Forces, known as the 'Green Berets' because of their distinctive service headgear, are a special operations force tasked with five primary missions: unconventional warfare (the original and most important mission of Special Forces), foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism. ...  
above: MedRes! USAF SO Sikorsky MH-60H "Pawe Hawk" delivers the SOF JTAC/FACP Long Range detachment in Afhganistan mountains -  Mélységi Klgs. Műv. osztag ERIP kirakása. paint
above & below: MedRes! French CILAS DHY-307 LLDR in Afghanistan mountains
aboveMedRes!   source:
LDR-4 is a light weight high performance laser based system which acquires target coordinates by measuring RANGE, ELEVATION ANGLE and AZIMUTH ANGLE to the target with respect to LDR 4. System designates a target for laser-guided weapon homing on to the laser spot. It is also compatible with NATO and WARSAW laser-guided weapons.
above: MedRes! British UK ARMY FAC 2014. Afhganistan
aboveNoHigher! British GPS Surveillance System Range Finder - SSARF
 SSARF lasrdesdignator from U.K.   source: photo: Crow
Surveillance System and Range Finder - The SSARF units are the size of a large pair of binoculars and are used in a similar way. The all-weather, day and night system is hand-held, lightweight, and combines uncooled thermal imagery system, 6x day optic, eye-safe laser rangefinder with a 5 km range and integrated magnetic compass with built-in GPS. The embedded military Global Positioning Satellite and azimuth angular referencing provide accurate target location data for both mortar and artillery fire control.
SSARF units have been deployed operationally and are providing British troops in the field with an ultra-lightweight, compact, multi-role, night vision target locator capability. The SSARF is being made capable of producing and passing target records on Bowman data radio channels to feed info in the network. 697 have been acquired, 153 of which are RA allocated.
ROVER 4 remote viewing terminals – Rover stands for remote operations video enhanced receiver. According to the producer, L-3, it is essentially a software-defined radio that gives FACs (also known as joint tactical air controllers–JTACs) the same view of potential targets available to aircrew or unmanned aerial vehicle operators. Rover 4 allows JTACs to electronically mark their desired targets on the imagery, before retransmitting it to the airborne platform.
40 have been acquired by the RAF for Forward Air Controllers, but as UOR they have been purchased for B-ISTAR personnel and ISTAR parties as well.

above: NoHigher! French 'Thales' LF-28A

above: Left! MedRes! IAI’s TAMAM Division, DART45 offers a 45mJ (milliJoule), very low divergence Laser Designator as well as an eye-safe Rangefinder which enables high performance in a very lightweight and compact package. Its design is based on diode-pumped advanced Nd:YAG laser, compatible for all US and NATO laser-guided munitions. ...
   Right: Inner structure: MedRes!      below: NoHigher!
above: NoHigher! SCARAB L-3 Yag with Erbium glass
Erbium, atomic no.68, symbol as Er, weight at 167.26
Erbium, atomic no.: 68, symbol as Er, weight at 167.26, has application in glass coloring, as an amplifier in fiber optics, and in lasers for medical and dental use.
It is commonly used as a photographic filter, and because of its resilience it is useful as a metallurgical additive.
The Erbium ion has a very narrow absorption band coloring erbium salts pink. It is therefore used in eyeware and decorative glassware. It can neutralize discoloring impurities such as ferric ions and produce a neutral gray shade. It is used in a variety of glass products for this purpose.
Lasers based on Er:YAG are ideally suited for surgical applications because of its ability to deliver energy without thermal build-up in tissue.      ...
In this paper results of experimental investigations into erbium glass lasers and their likely applications are discussed. Regularities of the inversion energy accumulation, also as channels of energy losses, are covered in detail. Different erbium lasers, both flashtube and neodymium laser-pumped, are compared. Parameters of some erbium laser glasses are presented, including the new LGS-E7, which requires a smaller pumping energy density (less than 100–200 J cm-2). Test data from experimental models are summarized. ...
above: MedRes! Exploded View of Optics Assembly - Az Optikai Összeállítás Robbantott Ábrája
above: NoHigher! "Zafira" in Anti Green-Light Laser absorbtion UV color suit source:

above: NoHigher! "Spyglass" app on handy for watch   Pinterest

NEW+! above:  NoHigher! GARMIN GPS Handys    below: Ike-1000 GPS

aboveMedRes! Nowadays the FACP's 'Leatherman' toolkit - A mai távmérősök/JTAC (Joint Tactical Air Controller - ERIP (Előretolt RepülésIrányító Pont) szerszám és TASzT készlete.

aboveNoHigher! Swiss made  'VIKTORINOX' toolkit

Victorinox (/vɪkˈtɒriˌnɒks/) is a knife manufacturer based in the town of Ibach, in the Canton of Schwyz, Switzerland. It is well known for its Swiss Army knives. The Swiss Army knives made by Victorinox are all made of highest quality Swedish steel from Sandvik.
Since its acquisition of rival Wenger in 2005, it has, once more, become the sole supplier of multi-purpose knives to the Swiss army. It is the biggest manufacturer of pocket knives in the world; in addition, they have a substantial line of watches, apparel, and travel gear.  ..  wiki/Victorinox

aboveNoHigher! The rangefinder prepare Air Force's expert in glassshoes -  Az üvegcipős távmérő javító Légierős szakember.  Sara Jean Underwood in glassshoes -  Az üvegcipős távmérő javító Gyári CZJ szakember   source:    photo:

Sara Jean Underwood (born March 26, 1984) is an American model, television host, and actress who was chosen as the Playmate of the Month for the July 2006 issue of Playboy magazine and later became Playmate of the Year in 2007. She is a former host of Attack of the Show! on G4.  ...     photo:

above: NoHigher! Other Toolkit for Light: Blue Laser Pointer
above: NoHigher! 5mW 460nm blue laser pointer

above: MedRes! Aussie Elle Macpershon under Laser beam

Elle Macpherson (born Eleanor Nancy Gow; 29 March 1964) is an Australian model, businesswoman, television host and actress. She is well known for her record five cover appearances for the Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issuebeginning in the 1980s, leading to her nickname The Body. She is the founder, primary model, and creative director for a series of business ventures, including Elle Macpherson Intimates, a lingerie line, and The Body, a line of skin care products. She has been the host and executive producer of Britain & Ireland's Next Top Model from 2010 to 2013. She is an executive producer of NBC's Fashion Star and was the host for the first season.
As an actress, Macpherson appeared in supporting roles in The Mirror Has Two Faces (1996) and Batman and Robin (1997) as well as lead roles in The Edge (1997) and South Kensington (2001). She also had a recurring role onFriends and hosted an episode of Saturday Night Live. ... en.wikipedia

above: NoHigher! Retro Hungarian made "Hologram (slide/dia)-Projector" MeseFilm from 1960's. I have got it the Purple color version and films  source:

above: NoHigh! British 'Ferranti' ARMY FACP from 1980's   source: PPTs  ZMKA
Ground based LASER Designation can be of great help to pilot carrying out a Close Support mission. This is the 'Ferranti' Battlefield Operations Laser Designator (BOLD) used by (British) troops to designate targets for laser-guided bvombs during the Falklands War of 1982
Laser designators are portable devices carried by UKSF and Forward Air Controllers (FAC) units for the purpose of marking targets for friendly air assets. Consisting of an optical sight, coded laser emitter and range finder, Laser Target Designators (LTD) vary in size but are usually mounted on tripods to ensure a stable aiming platform
How Laser Target Designators Work?:
An intensely focused beam of light is shone at a target. This is known as 'painting the target'. A sensor on an attacking aircraft's bomb or missile detects the laser beam as it bounces off the painted target. Upon release, the laser-guided munitions follows this aim point, effectively homing in on the beam's reflection. The laser beam is 'coded' which means it shines in specific patterns of pulses. This coding enables the air assets to ensure they are being guided by the correct designator. LTDs can effectively be used to paint targets for aircraft operating at medium to low level altitudes.

Special Forces badge: "Az elnyomottak szabadságáért"
above: NEW! NoHigher! Robotics: MEMA Engineering believes its our future   Pinterest
aboveNoHigher! US. Army's SOF "Green Berets" Army's Special Operation Forces & HuArmy's JTAC or JTAAC - Joint Tactical Air Attack Terminal (FACP - Forvard Air Controller Post) - Egyesített Harcászati Légi Támadás Végpont irányító/ harctéri légi irányító (JTAC) ill. ERIP - Előretolt Repülésirányító Pont, SAS Laser Telescope & Aqusition Pointer - Célmegjelölő-alávilágító from Szolnok HDF - MH.1. Special Forces Regiment - Klgs. műveleti ezred before it was from MH.89. with 'CILAS' LLDR   source:
AN/PEQ-1A Ground Laser Target Designator (GLTD) II SOFLAM
An American instructor and a member of 22 SAS (right) next to a Ground Laser Target Designator II (GLTD II) during an exercise in the US Desert. In this exercise, the SAS ground team lazed targets for US F-18 Hornet fighters and HH-60 Pavehawk helicopters. Training with US Forces is vital for UKSF units as they are likely to be working closely with US air power in places such as Afghanistan and Iraq.  DoD photo by: SRA RICK BLOOM, USAF

above: NoHigher! Very popular american star singer Selena Gomez   source: pinterest - tumblr

"To signs on Another" - "Egymásra mutogatás"
Es. text: Selena Marie Gomez (Grand Prairie, Texas, Estados Unidos, 22 de julio de 1992) es una actriz, cantante,compositora, filántropa y diseñadora de moda estadounidense. Inició su carrera como actriz a los siete años de edad, con el papel secundario de Gianna en la serie infantil Barney & Friends.3 Participó en ella hasta 2004, cuando se vio forzada a retirarse del elenco.  ...  wiki/Selena

above: NoHigher! LED Lights Make Augmented Vision a Reality. University of Washington researchers have figured out how to implant semitransparent red and blue LED lights

above: NoHigher! Optical bench, reticle

above: RF's Reticles: Left: NoHigher!   Right: MedRes!     below: MedRes! You Tube
AZT=Azimuth/Direction   RNG=Range    ELE=Elevation

above: NEW! NoHigher! Reticle of SWFA Sig Sauer 7 x 25 KILO-2000 Laser Rangefinder or Spedometer '#Trafipax'?  below: NoHigher! Left: Sig Kilo-1250  R.: -2000  source:

above: NEW! MedRes! SWF by optics talk   bottom: NoHigher! LEUPOLD RX-1000 Digital Laser Rangefinder
above: NoHigher! MOM (Magyar Optikai Művek) Hungarian Optical Works' Ni-A31 1970.
 MedRes! British BAE "Hammer" Precision Targeting System TDLS-800

above: NoHigher! Star singer & actress  Taylor Swift as Flagman on "Red Flag" AF exercise,   

Taylor Alison Swift (born December 13, 1989) is an American singer-songwriter. One of the most popular contemporary female recording artists, she is known for narrative songs about her personal life, which has received much media attention.  ...
NATO Military Symbols 2: above: MedRes! Units - Egységek    PPS

above: MedRes! KEARING: NATO Symbols Tactics Plotter/Procractor - Taktische Zeichen Standart Graph - NATO Parancsnoki Vonalzó/Sablon.  I had similar one ROTRING since 1986. photo!x?

above: MedRes! Soviet Lineyka Oficerskya - Ruler Officer - SzU Parancsnoki Vonalzó W.P. - I have got it some pieces      below: NoHigher! HuAF Ruler Officer similar to HBK  source:
below: MedRes! current Soviet &/former Warsaw Pact Map/Tactics symbol

above: NoHigher! NATO's current Map/Tactics Symbols

belowMedRes! Ty.Sw. and as symbols Presentator & Loudspeaker  Tester - examinator for headphones - fejhallgató hangerő bevizsgáló

aboveNEW+NoHigher! JTAC Expert's home HiFi speaker-wall - hangfala
above: HiRes! JTAC Cup-Camo "LIBerator-III" ITJCS

above: MedRes! MSP - Military Stock Photography

above: Left: NoHigher! Swiss Maurice de Mauriac    Right: MedRes! USA Michael Kors forums-timezone
 NoHigher! US ARMY's M22 'Brunton' precision mirrored arty compass & inclinometer

Brunton M22 GEO Pocket Transit (0-360°) Model 5010

The newest and most advanced Transit, incorporating suggestions and ideas from professionals that make this the ultimate tool for their use. The solid aluminum, waterproof Geo Transit contains a fast, magnetic north seeking, rare-earth magnet, balanced on a sapphire jewel bearing for quick measurements. The most noticeable feature is the hinge inclinometer, accurate to +/- 2°. This feature allows simultaneous trend and plunge measurements, reducing the number of measurements required in the field. An innovative needle design can be locked or unlocked.
Our commitment to our roots continues with the GEO, the newest and most advanced transit we build. Listening to owners of our pocket transits, and implementing some of their ideas, we have created the ultimate tool for professionals. Our billeted aluminum, waterproof GEO Transit contains a fast, magnetic north seeking, rare-earth magnet, balanced on a sapphire jewel bearing for quick measurements.
The most noticeable feature is the hinge inclinometer, accurate to +/- 1/2 degrees. This feature allows simultaneous trend and plunge measurements reducing the number of measurements you must take in the field. An innovative needle design can be locked or unlocked depending on your requirements. The ultimate tool is yours to cherish.
Special Features:
  • 0-360°
  • Includes Leather Transit Case
  • Single NdFeB magnet resists demagnetization better than other types of magnets
  • Azimuth accuracy +/- 1/2° with 1° graduations
  • Vertical accuracy +/- 1/2° with 1° graduations and 10 minute readability
  • Vertical angle measurements to +/- 90° or 100% grade
  • Percent grade scale with increments of 5%
  • Induction damped needle for quick, accurate readings
  • Sapphire jewel bearing allows for smooth needle movement
  • Magnetic declination adjustment allows for east or west declination setting to 180°
  • Short and long sights for increased accuracy when sighting azimuth or vertical angles
  • Precision aligned mirror with convenient "see through" sighting capability
  • Ball and Socket tripod mount is centered for increased accuracy of rotation
  • Composite body material is permanently impregnated with color
  • O-rings make the Com-Pro waterproof for increased reliability
  • Hinge clinometers with 1° increments for 1/2° readable dip measurements
  • Two long-level bubbles on the outside of the aluminum housing for no guess leveling from the side or the bottom
  • Cover hinge assembly designed for increased durability
  • "Buck Horn" style sights for increased accuracy when sighting azimuth or vertical angles
  • Aluminum billet body assembly makes GEO nearly indestructible
  • 6061 -T6 hard anodized aluminum body for permanent color and scratch resistance
  • O-rings make the Geo waterproof for increased reliability
 above: MedRes! Anemometer - Szélsebességmérő m/sec
above: MedRes! Charlie's collection: Basic measuring W.P. set from 1970's for field arty OP & FACP; from Left: Air pressure gauge hgmm, Binocular, Anemometer
above: NEW++! HiRes! Jucibacsi' DDR made curvimeter & compass (Soviet copy ow WW-Two 'Askania') on Ürmös' GAK 1.50.000 mil. Map. Debrecen   photo: Steve Ürmös István
above: NoHigher! Expert of  Checklist Reading papers   source:
above: MedRes! If you JTAC than You need fill the difficult Sheets!:   photo: ?

Line CAS Briefs  above Two: MedRes!   below Two: NoHigher!
aboveNoHigherWho is She? ? ? Jennifer Aniston?

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Pierce Brosnan as 007 Agent James Bond in czech Aero L-39ZO "Albatros" training aircraft in cast of movie: "Tomorrow Never Dies" (1997) is the eighteenth spy film in the James Bondseries, and the second to star Pierce Brosnan as the fictional MI6 agent James Bond. Directed by Roger Spottiswoode, with the screenplay written by Bruce Feirstein, the film follows Bond as he attempts to stop Elliot Carver, a power-mad media mogul, from engineering world events to initiate World War III.  ...

Pierce Brendan Brosnan OBE (born 16 May 1953) is an Irish actor, film producer, and activist who after leaving comprehensive school at age 16, began training in commercial illustration. He then went on to train at the Drama Centrein London for three years. Following a stage acting career he rose to popularity in the television series Remington Steele (1982–87), which blended the genres of romantic comedy, drama, and detective procedural. After the conclusion of Remington Steele, Brosnan appeared in films such as the Cold War spy film The Fourth Protocol (1987) and the comedy Mrs. Doubtfire (1993).  ...
above: NEW! MedRes! Hungarian Retro Military: Soldier Calendar 1985. by I.M.  Pusztai Pál
above: NoHigher! She is a Check-List Card delivery - checker - Ő a Kártyaosztó Olvasókártya Ellenőrzőlista Ellenőr

above: MedRes! OK! Mr. Bean - Rowan Atkinson after authentication in AT-6.  source: facebook

Rowan Sebastian Atkinson, CBE (born 6 January 1955) is an English actor, comedian, and screenwriter best known for his work on the sitcoms Blackadder and Mr. Bean. Atkinson first came to prominence in the sketch comedy showNot the Nine O'Clock News (1979–82), and via his participation in The Secret Policeman's Ball from 1979. His other work includes the Bond movie Never Say Never Again and the sitcom The Thin Blue Line (1995–1996).
He was listed in The Observer as one of the 50 funniest actors in British comedy, and amongst the top 50 comedians ever, in a 2005 poll of fellow comedians. He has also had cinematic success with his performances in the Mr. Beanmovie adaptations Bean and Mr. Bean's Holiday, and also in Johnny English (2003) and its sequel Johnny English Reborn (2011). ...

above: NEW! NoHigher! Hollywood 1942. NAVY AT-6 "Texan" Judy Luck  source: Pinterest

above: MedRes! CCT SSgt Robert Gutierrez in Afghanistan.   photo: USAF
United States Air Force Combat Control Teams, singular Combat Controller, (CCT) (AFSC 1C2X1) are special operations forces specialized in a pathfinder role while having a heavy emphasis on simultaneous air traffic control, fire support and command, control, and communications in covert or austere environments.
Assigned to Special Tactics Squadrons, Combat Controllers are an integral part of Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), the Air Force component of United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Combat Controllers are often assigned individually or as a team to Army Special Forces, Army Rangers, andNavy SEALs to provide expert air support coordination and communications capabilities.
Combat Controllers are FAA-certified air traffic controllers and maintain proficiency throughout their career. Many Combat Controllers also qualify and maintain proficiency as joint terminal attack controllers (JTACs) where they call in and direct air strikes, close air support and fire support during battle. Out of the seven Air Force Crosses awarded since the Global War on Terror started in 2001 five have been awarded to Combat Controllers for extraordinary heroism in combat.

above: NoHigher! United States Air Force Combat Control Insignia Flash
CCT Motto: "First There," reaffirms the Combat Controller's commitment to undertaking the most dangerous missions behind enemy lines by leading the way for other forces to follow.
above: NoHigher! TACP tent - HICs sátor    below: NoHigher! Field Furniture for admin
above: MedRes! Boss 'Jenny' of UCC during the Map terrain assesment with magnifier   source:
above: MedRes! Combat Controllers directing air traffic from a card table at Toussaint Louverture International Airport in Port-au-Prince.
Air Force Special Operations Command's Combat Controllers are Battlefield Airmen assigned to special tactics squadrons. They are trained special operations forces and certified Federal Aviation Administration air traffic controllers. The mission of a Combat Controller is to deploy undetected into combat and hostile environments to conduct special reconnaissance, establish assault zones or airfields, while simultaneously conducting air traffic control, fire support, command, control, and communications and forward air control. They deploy with air and ground forces in support of direct action, such as counter-terrorism, foreign internal defense,humanitarian assistance, and combat search and rescue. Combat Controllers employ all-terrain vehicles,amphibious vehicles, weapons and demolitions in pursuit of their objectives, which may include obstacle destruction. ...
above: MedRes! Air Force Combat Controllers participating in Operation Enduring Freedom provide air traffic control to a C-130 taking off from a remote airfield.  USAF

above: NEW! MedRes! Amazing AFCCs crew wait the C-130 paradropper   source: Pinterest

above : NEWHiRes! "After action" avn. Maj. "Juci' in C-130 cockpit from CsRP as Head of Recce & Aerial Photo Service 1992. august HuAFB Taszár 1st. AIRSHOW

aboveMedRes! An Air Force Combat Controller wearing desert digital camouflage conducts a patrol exercise during MOUT training.     below: MedRes!  Helmet & Gogles
above: NoHigher! Daniel Forsgren design

above: MedRes! #Alison Doody-as Dr. Elsa Schneider in "Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade"

Alison Doody (born 11 November 1966) is an Irish actress and model. After making her feature film debut with a small part in Bond film A View to a Kill(1985), she went on to play Nazi-sympathising archaeologist Elsa Schneider, in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989). Other roles include Siobhan Donavan in A Prayer for the Dying (1987), Charlotte in Taffin (1988) and Rebecca Flannery in Major League II (1994).  ...

above: NEW! HiRes! actress Jessica Biel  before ARMY's M998 HMMWV "Humvee"

Jessica Claire Timberlake (née Biel; born March 3, 1982), known professionally as Jessica Biel, is an American actress. Biel began her career as a vocalist appearing in musical productions until she was cast as Mary Camden in the family-drama series 7th Heaven, for which she achieved recognition. The series is the longest-running series that ever aired on The WB channel and is the longest-running family drama in television history.  ...
 above: HiRes! TACP - Tactical Air Control Party in movement - HICs - Harci Irányító Csoport menetben source - photo: USAF   below: MedRes! TACP's HUMVEE  source: flickr
above: HiRes! US Air Force's 52.5M Tactical Air Control Party Mobile Communications System -TACP-MCStacp   source - photo: USAF
above: MedRes! Vintage Hungarian ORION factory made "Pacsirta" - Lark" World receiver.

above: NEW! NoHigher! Juci'bacsi"s scan collect: from 1984./3-22.: Hu. "Technika" magazine MKK - Műszaki Könyvkiadó -Budapest-  SONY moderne media system in imagery & sound technic. Hungarian retro photomodel - Magyar retró fotómodell - manöken

above @ below: NEW++! Hu. Retró: Left: MedRes! ??   Right! MedRes! BRG MK-27 "IC automatic" portable military look (khaki green) casette player - hordozható kazettás magó (magnetofon) Kormos Ildikó infó: Szedres Mariann supermodell.   below: NoHigher! Hu. supermodel Pataki Ági on BRG's Calendar   source: Fortepan & more facebook 1980-as évek manökenjei csop.
above: NEW! NoHigher! Gisele Bündchen They seek each other with handy & talkie walkie
Pt. text: Gisele Caroline Bündchen (Horizontina ou Três de Maio, 20 de julho de 1980) é uma supermodelo, filantropa e empresáriabrasileira. Em 2000, Bündchen foi considerada pela revista Rolling Stone, a modelo mais bonita do mundo. Entre 2004 e 2016 , pela revista Forbes, a mais bem paga. Sua fortuna foi avaliada em 150 milhões de dólares, aparecendo em 2007 no Guiness Book como a modelo mais rica do mundo.  .,..
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Swiss Army Knife orienting Handy
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. JTAC prepares the communitaion accessories
above: HiRes! MetaVR JTAC Afghanistan Terrain simulator 3D
above: HiRes! JTAC helmet with Delta-X "Liberator" headphone  source:

above: NEW+! HiRes! Advert of  TECHNICS HiFi headphone with classic blondie  Mellbimbo

above: NoHigher! "Oculus" glasses

The Oculus Rift is a virtual reality headset developed and manufactured by Oculus VR, released on March 28, 2016.
Oculus proposed a Kickstarter campaign in 2012 to fund the Rift's development, after being founded as an independent company two months prior. The project proved successful, raising US$2.5 million from the campaign for the development of the product. In March 2014, Facebook purchased Oculus for $2 billion.
The Rift has gone through various pre-production models since the Kickstarter campaign, around five of which were demonstrated to the public. Two of these models were shipped to backers, labelled as 'development kits'; the DK1 in mid 2013 and DK2 in mid 2014, to give developers a chance to develop content on time for the Rift's release. However, both were also purchased by a large number of enthusiasts who wished to get an early preview of the technology.
The Rift has an OLED display, 1080×1200 resolution per eye, a 90 Hz refresh rate, and 110° field of view. It has integrated headphones which provide a 3D audio effect, rotational and positional tracking. The positional tracking system, called "Constellation", is performed by a USB stationary infrared sensor that is picking up light that is emitted by IR LEDs that are integrated into the hmd. The sensor normally sits on the user's desk. This creates 3D space, allowing for the user to use the Rift while sitting, standing, or walking around the same room.  ...

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Rumanian Ziar for SAM

above: NEW! MedRes! Raytheon BGM-71 TOW with IR seeker Sight  US ARMY

The BGM-71 TOW ("Tube-launched, Optically tracked, Wire-guided") is an American anti-tank missile. TOW replaced much smaller missiles like the SS.10 and ENTAC, offering roughly twice the effective range, a more powerful warhead, and a greatly improved semi-automatic guidance system that could also be equipped with infrared cameras for night time use.
First produced in 1970, the TOW is one of the most widely used anti-tank guided missiles. It can be found in a wide variety of manually carried and vehicle mounted forms, as well as widespread use on helicopters. Originally designed by Hughes Aircraft in the 1960s, the weapon is currently produced by Raytheon. ...
    below: MedRes! TOW in Afghanistan.

above: NoHigher! Elbit System of America. "The Spirit of Innovation"

Elbit Systems Ltd. is an Israel-based international defense electronics company engaged in a wide range of programs throughout the world. The Company, which includes Elbit Systems and its subsidiaries, operates in the areas of aerospace, land and naval systems, command, control, communications, computers, intelligence surveillance and reconnaissance ("C4ISR"), unmanned aircraft systems ("UAS"), advanced electro-optics, electro-optic space systems, EW suites, signal intelligence ("SIGINT") systems, data links and communications systems and radios.
above: NEW+! NoHigher! ELBIT PLDR

above: NoHigher! The camo target, Jennifer Lopez - "JeLo"

Hu. text: Jennifer Lynn Lopez (spanyol helyesírás szerint López, becenevén J.Lo; New York, 1969. július 24. –) amerikai énekes, színésznő, táncos, divattervező és producer. Karrierje során már jelölték Grammy-, illetve Golden Globe-díjra.  ...
above: NoHigher! GLPS
NoHigher! above: Close Support Measures  globalsecurity
above: NoHigher! T-90 KAZ 'Dozsd' -- "Zaslon" missile counter system

above: zones of Illuminates of CAS   source: PPT

above: NEW! MedRes! Hu. text. Divide of Air Operations of against surface forces 
 above & below: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. text: Hierarchy of the AGS
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. text: Reconnaissance Support of the Peacesupport/Keeping Operations
source above Three pics:
below: NEW! NoHigher! 7 pics: Jucibacsi's Hu. text. Brainstorming about Reconnaissance & Designation
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. text: Juci'bácsi "Agyfingása" a Felderítésről és Célmegjelölésről.
Blogger Megjegyzése: Elnézést kérek de a sok Tabulált bekezdés miatt a Blogszerkesztő nem tudja visszaadni ezt a formátumot. also Courtesy FREE!

Hu. text: A JTAC a legbonyolultabb, legsokoldalúbb és legerősebb kíhívásokkal rendelkező beosztás a haderőkben:
 - Kiváló szellemi, fizikai és mentális képességekkel kelle rendelkeznie
 - Minimum!, Háromféle fegyvernemi és repülőnemi képzettséggel, alapos ismeretanyaggal és jártassággal-képességgel kell rendelkeznie;
     - vadászirányító - megfigyelő ERIP (FAC) komplex
     - tábori tüzér: bemérő, - felderítő, - tűzvezető
     - könnyű-lövész/ csapat ill. mélységi felderítő (mfcs.)
Hogy az NKE-n és a ATK-án van e ilyen komplex képzés az kérdés?

En. text: The HTAC is plenty of  most difficulty, multi-side and most power challanges miloitary assigment.
- Excellent brain, pgisic and mental skills
- Min.! He has got three sorties basic arms professional skills:
    - FAC, Fighter ATC contorller
    - field artillery: surveyor, - recon, - fire-controller
    - light infantry/recon or LRRP (Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol)
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Hu. text: Optcs Recon, ARTHUR, Sound Recon, MTLocator, UAV
above: NoHigher! Diagram of World's Producers of LASER Designators
above: NEW! HiRes! TV Monoscope as future optronics view
 NEW! HiRes! Juci'bácsi's not too much precision demo artwork -"~' agyfingása" about full data 'Optronic' display of "MOM"-future military product LLDR of JTAC operator.  above: Normal view with 10x central stereo scope area and 6x wide angle watching area.   below: Viewer scene with in looking area LASER & IR source (Own & Enemy) Warning Receiver Overlay HUD Filter of Sensor.
I would like to create the "MOM" ("MAM") LLDR outer design as soon as possible.

above: NEW! HiRes! Juci'bacsi's brainstorming retro design create half-work: Hungarian "MAM" (desired MOM 41. it's shape similar Ni-A3 nivel) periscopic LLDR from eraly 1990's LBT-2. Only Photoshop tools! Excuse Me!, but I have lost the My designer motivation. - also Courtesy FREE! for developing.

37.) Tank Torony-irányszögkijelző műszer - Turret orientation Indicator _Project:
above: NEW++NoHigher! Watching Point - Kilátópont  in Urban area    source: Pinterest
above: NoHigher! Black-panther optics - Feketepárduc optika  "Cicus"
above: NEW! NoHigher! Hu. Pussy vision monoscope Futzrinka street - A Cicavízió Monoszkópja a Futrinka utcában 1960's
above: MedRes! Coris Grande Stelop ST Electronics Singapore

above: MedRes! "a (Swedish) blonde 'Avrora'-"Atomicbomb Lady" Head of corporate BAE/SAAB & Hasselblad's Quality Inspector Service - MEO examines the import FLIR/LASER LLDR from abroad probe import in battle city scene."   source: Hefti/ - route:   photo: SG

above: NEW+! NoHigher! US Major with LLDR
MedRes! above: ISAF Afhganistan 101st Airborne div. JTAC expert   A soldier with the 101st Airborne Division looks through a Lightweight Laser Designator Rangefinder (LLDR) in the Khowst province of Afghanistan, June 2, 2013. Robert Porter/U.S. Army
Special Forces qulafication shoulder tab
above: MedRes! US ARMY SOF exercise practice   USAF
Military Look Fashion! Strech trousers
above: MedRes! Surveillance - Megfigyelés: The Boss coming now! - Jön a Főnök!
above: NoHigher! Israeli ELBIT PoADU un Elbit Systems of America JTAC
above: Hu. text: különböző optikai szűrőrétegek (felgőzölt) összehasonlítása
above: MedRes! Israeli ELBIT ausa-EJTAC -Enhanced- front view Joint Terminal Attack Controller Laser Target Designator  source: Pinterest

aboveNoHigher! Lens reflection filter layer: Multicoated: scan by Szextant: from Anticvarium (Bartók Béla úti): 'National Geographic' magazine's back cover 1970's: made in Japan 'MINOLTA' XE-1 24 x 36 small film camera. Hu.text:"Ebben az időben Mi pedig, ..." price was 30,-Ft. (HUF)

above: MedRes! 'gobii' action camera
above: HiRes! LASER Genetics ®   "SubZero" ND-3-P Laser Designator with Pistol Mount Patented
DISCONTINUED: Shipping Restriction: Ships to USA only
Quick-Release Picatinny Pistol Mount
15mW 532nm Laser Output
Rotary Optical Beam Collimator
Fully Multicoated Lens System Show more:

above: MedRes! ELBIS 'Rattler'

above: HiRes! Norwegian made Remote Control gun mounted weapon M240 'Kongsberg' CROWS. An other system Target Designator.  The very leathel Target Designator with flash ammos

En text: The Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station (M101 CROWS or M153 CROWS II) is a Norwegian (Used Primarily by the US Military) remote weapon station that provides the operator with the ability to acquire and engage targets while inside a vehicle, protected by its armor. It is designed to mount on a variety of vehicle platforms and supports the MK19 Grenade Machine Gun, .50 Caliber M2 Machine Gun, M240B Machine Gun, and M249 Squad Automatic Weapon.
Norsk text: CROWS står for Common Remotely Operated Weapon Station og er et våpenprogram som brukes av den amerikanske hæren. Hensikten med programmet er å få en felles fjernstyrt våpenstasjon på en rekke forskjellige, pansrede kjøretøyer som tidligere hadde flere forskjellige løsninger fra forskjellige fabrikanter.
CROWS I ble levert av amerikanske Recon Optical.
CROWS II ble tildelt norske Kongsberg Defence Systems i august 2007, en kontrakt på 8 milliarder norske kroner som omfattet levering av våpenstasjoner, utstyr og opplæring over en periode på fem år. KDA leverer fra før våpenstasjonenProtector RWS til den amerikanske hæren for bruk på Stryker pansrede personellkjøretøy.  ...

above: NoHigher! Türkish ASELSAN 'Scout'
above: NEW+! NoHigher! MLRF A2 "Storm"
above: NoHigher! G&P PEQ-15A Laser Designator and Illuminatorfor Airsoft games (Toy Only)
Running on a CR123A battery (one included), this laser designator module is a multi-mode laser device. ...
above: NoHigher! Hollywood star actress #Scarlett Johansson looks by 'Leica' M8 digi camera
Hu .text: Scarlett I. Johansson (1984. november 22. –) Golden Globe-díjra jelölt amerikai színész, énekesnő. Pályafutását A suttogó című 1998-as filmmel alapozta meg.  2008. május 20-án jelent meg első zenei albuma, „Anywhere I Lay My Head” címmel.  ...
above: NoHigher! Hu. JTAC practice american  "Vector 21" LASER Rangefinder Honvedelem
above: NoHigher! HuAF/HuARMY's JTAC/FAC - ERIP - Előretolt Repülésirányító Pont, SAS handheld Vector-21 Laser Telescope & Aqusition Pointer - Célmegjelölő-alávilágító from Szolnok HDF - MH.1. Special Forces Regiment - Klgs. műveleti ezred before it was from Szolnok MH.86. "Ittebei Kiss József" Helikopter Bázis volt KGyRMF területén.
photos: Dévényi Veronika & Rácz Tünde  source:
above: HiRes! Header of FO advert of Vectronix Inc.


The typical forward observer device

VECTOR 21 is a true binocular rangefinder with outstanding day optics, an integrated 3-dimensional 360° digital compass, and a precise Class I eye-safe laser rangefinder. The VECTOR 21 increases the range for distance measurements up to 12 km.  It also has a 1550 nm laser invisible to image intensification devices - providing an added level of security. 
Available accessories and options:
+ Binocular enhancer increases the magnification by 40% to 10x with a 25% gain in distance measurement
+ Communication with widely-used GPS receivers
+ Fall-of-shot software
+ Data Recall software
+ Bluetooth
+ Night vision

above: MedRes! Vector-21W LLDR
above: NEW! NoHigher! LUMIX  handheld mount accessorie for camera
Lumix is Panasonic's brand of digital cameras, ranging from pocket point-and-shoot models to digital SLRs.
Compact digital cameras DMC-LC5 and DMC-F7 were the first products of the Lumix series, released in 2001. They are equipped with Leica lenses.
Indeed, many Lumix models are fitted with Leica lenses (e.g. Nocticron or Elmarit lenses), designed by Leica's German optical engineers, and are assembled in Japan. Others are rebranded as Leica cameras with different cosmetic stylings. Leica had a similar relationship with Minolta in the past, where late model Leica SLRs (and some 35 mm point-and-shoot models) were strongly based on Minolta bodies.  ...  en.wikipedia./Lumix

above: NEW+! NoHigher! Dangerous user Candice 
above Three & below: NoHigh! Hu.ARMY JTAC from MH.89. Helicopter Base Szolnok LHSA
above: HuAF's FAC's LLDR: AN/PEQ-17 SOFLAM - Special Operations Forces Laser Marker - Klgs.Müv. Lézer Megjelölő - KMLMJ

above & belowNEWHiRes! Juci'bacsi's 'Olympus' photo: Deep view - Nagy mélységérzetű látvány.   "Direction of Mission-2010" exercise opposit the Mórocz-hill 'Top' from Kőröshegy Viewing point - "Bevetési Irány-2010" Gyakorlat Kőröshegyi Figyelő szemben a Mórocz-'tető' with Mil Mi-24V "Hind" from Szolnok-LHSN HuHB I.K.J.H. MH.89. Hel. Regiment.   belowbottom: the 82 mm mortar fire platoon from MH 1st. "Bocskai I." Mech. Infy. Regt. Debrecen
above: NoHigher! HuAF Mi-24 launches IR Flarees - ASO-2V Inracsapda szórás on Ex. "Clever Ferret" at Várpalota Fire Range May of 2010.

above: NoHigher! Juci'bacsi's OLYMPUS photo: Mi-24 "Clever ferret" ex. 2010.
OEM-2 Artillery Stereo Rangefinder:
above: MedRes! FAC.../ERIP waits the Hind.  photo: Keshishev
aboveNoHigher! Supreme FACk/JTAC weith AH-64 'Apache'
above: NEW! MedRes! AH-64s launches the AGM-114 "Hellfire"-"Pokoltűz" Antitank missile
above: NEW! NoHigher! Supermodel dutch Doutzen Kroes vectorals directioning by handsignals
Doutzen Kroes (West Frisian pronunciation: [ˈdʌu̯tsə(ŋ) ˈkrus]; born 23 January 1985) is a Dutch Frisian model and actress. She began her modelling career in 2003 in the Netherlands and quickly was sent by her agency to New York where she was cast by lingerie giant Victoria’s Secret. She became a Victoria's Secret Angel for the brand in 2008. She has been a brand ambassador and spokesperson for L'Oréal Paris for over 5 years. Kroes has been in the top five of best-paid models, with an estimated income of more than five million per year since 2008. In 2014, she came in second on the Forbes top-earning models list, estimated to have earned $8 million in one year. She is considered one of the "New Supers" and described as "Helen of Troy of advertising" by
Modernized Target Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision Sensor (M-TADS/PNVS) is a long-range, precision engagement and pilotage solution for day, night and adverse weather missions. Lockheed Martin’s electro-optical sensor provides Apache aircrews enhanced situational awareness with greater performance and survivability.
above: NoHigher! AH-64 TADS/PNVS mount - Target Acquisition & Designation Sight / Pilot Night Vision Sensor - Célazonosító/megfogó és Megjelölő Célzókészülék / Pilóta Éjszakai Nézőérzékelő/készülék - CAMC-PÉNÉ    below: Left: HiRes!   Right: MedRes! Modernised

above: HiRes! Fragmented Fly eyes - Többrészes Légyszem as Nature FLIR - TADS/PNVS

above: Left: MedRes!  Right: MedRes! Preparation working

above: NoHigher! Cz. text: Martin Marietta AAQ-11 Mk.III system PNVS

above: HiRes! TADS/PNVS Optical System - Schema    below: MedRes! It's H & E sectors
above: NoHigher! Targeting with system TADS/PNVS   source:
above: NoHigher! Chain gun 30 mm M230 of Apache
 above: NoHigher! Seat of WSO - Weapon System Officer - Operátor - Fegyverrendszerkezelő
above: NoHigher! IHADSS helmet
M76 Integrated Helmet And Display Sight System (IHADSS)
The Marine IHADSS is a lightweight headset which is worn either as part of the M16 helmet, or as a separate headset depending upon the individual marines preference.

The IHADSS fits over the Marines right ear, with a microphone and earpiece so that the marine can keep in constant contact with his unit/commanding officer. The major way a IHADSS improves the marines combat effectiveness is the eyepiece that flips down over their right eye superimposing the data from the wrist tricorder as a Heads up display (HUD).

Data for the IHADSS is gathered from a wide range of sources; weapon systems, hand held scanning devices, or from the local sensor net/orbiting starships. To the Marine wearing the device they will be able to call up; detailed maps of the surrounding area, intelligence reports and such like… but the most important tactical advantage given is the inclusion of a targeting system which is tied into all marine weapon systems vastly improving firing accuracy while on the move.
A helmet-mounted display (HMD) is a device used in some modern aircraft, especially combat aircraft. HMDs project information similar to that of head-up displays (HUD) on an aircrew's visor or reticle, thereby allowing them to obtain situation awareness and/or cue weapons systems to the direction his head is pointing. Applications which allow cuing of weapon systems are referred to as helmet-mounted sight and display (HMSD) or helmet-mounted sights (HMS). These devices were created first by South Africa, then the Soviet Union and followed by the United States.

aboveNoHigher! British duke Harry Wales in RAF MD/Boeing AH-64 as Weapon Officer pilot-operator during Afghanistan ISAF mission. - Charles & Harry-  below: In British ARMY's BDU  source: pinterest

- Paravisual Initial Contact Action by 'Bodfy-speak' among themselves -
above: NoHigher! and His cmdr. Pilot - "Red Flag" aviatrix   source: facebook
above: NoHigher! Heli helmet with Eyes HUD "on with reflected Aurora"
above: MedRes! An aurora, sometimes referred to as a polar light, is a natural light display in the sky, predominantly seen in the high latitude - a Sarki fény Északon - artif horizon for HUD
Hu. text: A sarki fény (az északi féltekén gyakran: északi fény (aurora borealis), délen: aurora australis) a Föld északi és déli sarkánál a légkörbe behatoló töltött részecskék (elsősorban protonok és elektronok) által keltett időleges fényjelenség. Leginkább késő ősztől kora tavaszig figyelhető meg gyakrabban (de nem állandóan) az északi sarkkörtől északra, illetve a déli sarkkörtől délre. Magyarországról általában nem látható.  ...
above: NEW! Scan by Sextant: NoHigher! Look int Northern Light.
above: NEW+! HiRes! AMETEK 'Rotron'-2003 LASER block transmitter by viper
above: NoHigher! Bell AH-1S "Huey Cobra" Attack Helicopter   below: NEW+! NoHigher

aboveNoHigher! Bell AH-1J "Huey Cobra" TAT-102A armament subsystem

above: NEW++! MedRes! AH-64D  ILA Berlin 2015. photo: Veszprém, Kizmus Szabolcs had.
above: NEW+! HiRes! Dragon - Italeri scale 1:144 AH-64B "Longbow Apache" box cover
above: NoHigher! UK Harry Prince controls Killing Machine WAH-64D
above: NoHigher! Russian Kamov Ka-52 "Alligator" Attack/Delivery Helicopter
above: MedRes! Gimballed Security Surveillance Video Camera
above: MedRes! another Target Acqusition Method - egy másik Célmegjelölő metódus: Archer - Nyilas - with classic Bow with arrowhead - klasszikus Íj nyílvesszővel   source:
above: HiRes! The conventional target designator as sniper rifle with IR & LASER telescope accesorie    below: MedRes! JTAC JTAC Staff-sgt. Marquez A Moreno 2013.

above: NoHigher! "Lightening": Patrick Swayze & Alison Doody in "King Solomon's Mines

King Solomon's Mines is a 2004 two-part TV miniseries, the fifth film adaptation of the 1885 novel of the same nameby Henry Rider Haggard. Starring Patrick Swayze as Allan Quartermain (it is spelled Allan Quartermain in the credits, unlike the book, which has Allan Quatermain) and Alison Doody as Elizabeth Maitland, the film was produced byHallmark Entertainment, and originally aired June 6, 2004 on Hallmark Channel. ...
above: NoHigher! Raytheon UAV FLIR mount
above: MedRes! Russian GOESz-342 FLIR gimbal
NoHigher! Russian Rosvertol Mil Mi-28N "Havoc"

above: NoHigher! Bar Rafaeli adverts the new lingerie collection, with glassball as foretell

Bar Refaeli (Hebrew: בר רפאלי‎‎; born 4 June 1985) is an Israeli model, television host, actress and businesswoman. Considered among the most internationally successful models to come from Israel, alongside models such as Nina Brosh and Michaela Bercu. According to Forbes Israel, she was the highest paid model in Israel in 2013, ahead of the combined modeling income of other Israeli models such as Esti Ginzburg, Gal Gadot, and Shlomit Malka.

She was the cover model of the 2009 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue and was voted #1 on Maxim magazine's Hot 100 list of 2012. Since 2013, she has been the host of The X Factor Israel.
above: MedRes! Mil Mi-28N "Havoc" AH helicopter - Támadó-/Harcihelikopter
above: NEW! MedRes! Israeli IAF F-15E "Strike eagle" with LANTIRN targeting pod. Angel
above: NoHigher! AN/AAQ-14 'LANTIRN' Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night  -Targeting Pod- - Célmegjelölő függesztmény
LANTIRN is a system consisting of two pods which allow aircrew to fly their aircraft by day or night and in adverse meteorological conditions. It provides Terrain-Following Radar (TFR), Forward-Looking Infra-Red (FLIR), targeting information for the aircraft's on-board fire control system and target laser illumination. LANTIRN is currently deployed on F-16C/D, F-15E/I/S and F-14 platforms. Over 1,400 pods are currently in service with 10 countries.
aboveNEW+HiRes! LANTIRN IR- image on HUD
 above: MedRes!  below: NoHigher! General Dinamics FB-111 "Pave-Tack" AVQ-26-Cutaway
above: MedRes! French 'Thales' "Damocles" NAV/FLIR
above: MedRes! "Damocles" Multifunction Targeting Pod, PIRATE & FSOhublots ouvert

above: NoHigher! Cateye iris - Macskaszem irisz

above: NoHigher! Green safety glasses filter blue-red

B-737 laser avareness
above: NEW! MedRes! Laser's injured stewardess from cockpi - Lézersérült source:

above: NoHigher! Safety distances for a legal green laser pointer - Distraction Hazard

above: MedRes! Green Laser-Light reflector accessorie as necklace on cateye #Amy Adams.

Amy Lou Adams (born August 20, 1974) is an American actress and singer. She began her career on stage performing in dinner theatre and went on to make her feature film debut in Drop Dead Gorgeous (1999). After moving to Los Angeles, she made several appearances on television and in B movies, before starring in Steven Spielberg's 2002 film Catch Me If You Can with Leonardo DiCaprio. Her breakthrough role came in the 2005 independent film Junebug in which the role of a young pregnant woman earned Adams her first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress.  ...
above: NoHigher! Gamespot    below: NEW! NoHigher! Without LASER Protection Glasses
above: NoHigher! Decorated Apache chieftain with sniper gadget
above: MedRes! Boeing AH-64D "Longbow Apache"  blasted graphics artwork

 above: MedRes! Hughes/MDD/Boeing AH-64D Longbow Apache    below: HiRes! Cyrillic text: McDonnell Douglas AH-64A Apache

aboveHiRes! Color Cutaway Boeing AH-64D  graphics: Flight International source: pinterest
above: NoHigher! Julie Newmar 1933. julie 01. as Apache women
Julie Newmar (born August 16, 1933) is an American actress, dancer and singer, known for a variety of stage, screen, and television roles. She won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for her role as Katrin Sveg in the 1958 Broadway production of The Marriage-Go-Round, and reprised the role in the 1961 film version. In the 1960s, she starred for two seasons as Catwoman in the television series Batman (1966–67). Her other stage credits include the Ziegfeld Follies in 1956, and playing Lola in Damn Yankees! (1961) and Irma in Irma la Douce (1965) in regional productions. She appeared in the music video for George Michael's 1992 single "Too Funky", and had a cameo as herself in the 1995 film To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar. ...
above: MedRes! Other Indian: Laser Designator-SOF in Afghanistan - Kukkoló KM Baszmacs
above: NoHigher! artwork: TADS/PNVS-head Fightpunch future JTAC member with AK-47
above: HiRes! CAS-1 Dual Configuration Close Air Support Aircraft - DCCASA technical concept design by Tom Alfaro 2015.

above: NoHigher! Beyond to: The "Rocketeer" Steampunk female future Pilot Cosplayer

above: NEW! MedRes! Fantasy "Sparrowhawk"
above: NoHigher! Swiss OMEGA "Speedmaster" Professional
 above: HiRes! Mil Mi-24D/V "Hind" JakB-12,7 mm 9A624 "Gatling" system heavy M.G. 1700 pcs. as fire rate Shoot/Minute "Speedmaster" löv./perc tűzgyorsaság 4000 - 4500 l/p
 above: NoHigher!  below: MedRes! Mi-24P 2A42 30 mm automatic double/twin/gemini cannon - pushka - iker gépágyú 250 pcs. granata
above: NoHigher! Mi-24 9Sz474 "Raduga": Kasimovo 1998.  Photo: A.V. Karpenko  source:    below: NoHigher! Raduga - Rainbow
above: NoHigher! Russian 1G46 T-90 MBT gunner sight: Daylight, IR, Laser RF
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Russian Military LASER Traffipax?

above: NEWNoHigher! No current Logo - badge (colours and outer shapes: Pentacon & ring) 1991. by AAG  for 14th LEP-CsRP Találkozó - Meet in Veszprém  

aboveNEWNoHigherBörgönd HB (Helicopter Base rgt. + Avn. HQ + Missile workpool  11. "Duna" AD Bde.
above: NEW! MedRes! Mi-24 Close Air Support in during counter attack workmap
above: HiRes! Hu. Painter Mr. ret.Flt.mech.Sgt. Vincze Ferenc nyá.rep.ftőrm rep.mech. 59.TFW
above: HiRes! Cz.AF Mi-24V "Tigermeet"  Artist: Relnis
above: NEW! NoHigher! Home Defender Review: Afghanistan Hu. AMT - Air Mentor Team

above: MedRes! and The Big Cannon - A Nagyágyú: #Dwayne Johnson with Bell-206 Long Ranger

Dwayne Douglas Johnson (born May 2, 1972), also known by his ring name The Rock, is a Canadian-American actor, producer, and semi-retired professional wrestler currently signed to WWE.
Johnson was a college football player for the University of Miami, winning a national championship on the 1991 Miami Hurricanes football team. He later played for the Calgary Stampeders in the Canadian Football League, and was cut two months into the 1995 season. This led him to become a professional wrestler like his grandfather, Peter Maivia, and his father, Rocky Johnson (from whom he also inherited his Canadian citizenship). ...

above: NoHigher! #SONY HD DEV-3 Digital Recording Binoculars black

 MedRes! The JTAC member's homing toys

above: MedRes! SONY

above: NoHigher! Bushnell  -  NIKON "Prostaff"    below: "Prostaff" Reticle    

aboveMedRes! "Kinglux"    below: NEW! Juci'bacsi's retro collect, Sextant scan: NoHi!  behind the window's curtain

Laser Pointer Presenter

above: NoHigher! Hologram - Holovision full

above: NoHigher! That is All!? Ennyi? Jumpsuit by Micah Gianneli: Real Visiongram

above: MedRes! and Her, General #Revlon - New York Mouthspace Vision Gmbh: RRHLDLSC - Rouge Rubinstein Human Lazy Designator LipStick Charge

above: MedRes! X-Presenter and iPhone for Presenter Girl 
above: NEW! MedRes! Aero L-39ZO "Albatros" napalm infire PPS Velmi  below: MedRes! A-10

No comments:

Post a Comment