Wednesday, February 19, 2014

28.) Norden Bomb-Sight - USAF "The SECRET" - "A TITOK": Titkos Bombacélzó készülék _ Sperry - General Electric Mechanical Analogue Computer - Bomber Aircraft - Bombing Officer WW-II in World War two - "Top Secret" Optical Sight GE_ OPB-5 Ilyushin IL-28 - ОПБ-5, Tu-4, Ильюшин Ил-28 - North American B-25 "Mitchell", Boeing B-29 "Superfortress", Enola Gay, B-17 "Flying Fortress", Martin B-26 "Marauder" - Sweden Constructeaur

The TOP SECRET! 'Norden' bombsight - Bombacélzó készülék: B-17, B-24, B-25, B-29. ОПБ-5, Tu-4, Ильюшин Ил-28. Movie:"Catch 22 - A 22-es Csapdája" Joseph Heller's book. Cameron Diaz, Charlize Theron (Wikipedia)

Refreshed! to-114%- 18+ 21.11.2017.-Regulated++++++++++++++

Hu. text: Mértékadó szakírók szerint a II. Világháború talán legszigorúbban kezelt, legtitkosabb fegyverberendezése volt a 'Norden' Bombacélzó berendezés, mely e tekintetben túltett a német "ENIGMA" sifírozó készüléken és az Atombombán is. Mind ez a kiváló gyakorlati 25-50 m-es szóráspontossága miatt volt.

above: NEW pic: 'Norden' secret bobmbsight in the B-25 'Mitchell nose.

above: New! The bombing officers were only Officers; Flt. Lt, Fst.Lt, capt., Maj. They wer themission commander of bomber acf.   below: NEW! MedRes! Cutaway about crew's places.   below: NEW!
Norden: This is the Bomb Sight Stabilizer. The Bomb Sight Head mounts to the stainless steel gear and brass bushing on the upper right end of the stabilizer. The sight head will pivot about the yaw axis on the Stabilizer. The large gyro inside the Stabilizer will keep the sight pointed at the target should the aircraft deviate off course. The Stabilizer, being part of the autopilot, will turn the airplane back on course. The Bombardier controls the aircraft through the autopilot and will direct the aircraft on the bomb run. The connection to the C-1 autopilot is made through the Directional Panel which mounts on the left side of the Stabilizer as shown in the diagram below. The solenoid plate on the back of the Stabilizer is called the Directional Arm Lock and is a part of the C-1 Autopilot installation. It locks the directional arm during turns.This is the Bomb Sight Stabilizer. The Bomb Sight Head mounts to the stainless steel gear and brass bushing on the upper right end of the stabilizer. The sight head will pivot about the yaw axis on the Stabilizer. The large gyro inside the Stabilizer will keep the sight pointed at the target should the aircraft deviate off course. The Stabilizer, being part of the autopilot, will turn the airplane back on course. The Bombardier controls the aircraft through the autopilot and will direct the aircraft on the bomb run. The connection to the C-1 autopilot is made through the Directional Panel which mounts on the left side of the Stabilizer as shown in the diagram below. The solenoid plate on the back of the Stabilizer is called the Directional Arm Lock and is a part of the C-1 Autopilot installation. It locks the directional arm during turns.


NEW+! The "Norden" squad; Warbird Pinups: above: Left: MedRes!   Right: HiRes!   below: NoHigher! Christian Kieffer Pin-Up & Aerial photoartist - Group Leader.  www.warbirdpinups.com


The Norden Mk. XV, known as the Norden M series in Army service, was a bombsight used by theUnited States Army Air Forces (USAAF) and the United States Navy during World War II, and the United States Air Force in the Korean and the Vietnam Wars. It was the canonical tachometric design, a system that allowed it to directly measure the aircraft's ground speed and direction, which older bombsights could only measure inaccurately with lengthy in-flight procedures. The Norden further improved on older designs by using an analog computer that constantly calculated the bomb's impact point based on current flight conditions, and an autopilot that let it react quickly and accurately to changes in the wind or other effects.

Together, these features allowed for unprecedented accuracy in day bombing from high altitudes; in testing the Norden demonstrated a circular error probable (CEP) of 23 metres (75 ft), an astonishing performance for the era. This accuracy allowed direct attacks on ships, factories, and other point targets. Both the Navy and the AAF saw this as a means to achieve war aims through high-altitude bombing; for instance, destroying an invasion fleet by air long before it could reach US shores. To achieve these aims, the Norden was granted the utmost secrecy well into the war, and was part of a then-unprecedented production effort on the same scale as the Manhattan Project. Carl L. Norden, Inc. ranked 46th among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts.

In practice it was not possible to achieve this level of accuracy in combat conditions, with the average CEP in 1943 being 370 metres (1,200 ft). Both the Navy and Air Forces had to give up on the idea of pinpoint attacks during the war. The Navy turned to dive bombing and skip bombing to attack ships, while the Air Forces developed the lead bomber concept to improve accuracy, while adopting area bombing techniques by ever larger groups of aircraft. Nevertheless, the Norden's reputation as a pin-point device lived on, due in no small part to Norden's own advertising of the device after secrecy was reduced late in the war.

The Norden saw some use in the post-World War II era, especially during the Korean War. Post-war use was greatly reduced due to the introduction of radar-based systems, but the need for accurate daytime attacks kept it in service for some time. The last combat use of the Norden was in the US Navy's VO-67 squadron, which used them to drop sensors onto the Ho Chi Minh Trail as late as 1967. The Norden remains one of the best-known bombsights of all time.

belowNEW pic; The place of bombsight in B-17

above: Bombardier nose-section of B-17 bomber in Long-Beach California. She's one of many capable women-workers Douglas Aircraft Company
above: NEW pic! below: also with chin turret.




http://fineartamerica.com/

above: eight NEW Pics!: some B-17 'Flying Fortress' nose with Norden  -  below: NEW! New!HiRes!

below: NEW! with Chin turret  Left: NoHigher!  Right: MedRes!


above: B-17 ENTRANCE: Left: MedRes! 18+ Nose Art   Right: MedRes! Lower Entrance

above: NEW! NoHigher! The Top Secret! because to cover the equipment before photo: The face of Hungarian Ms. Palvin Barbara word famous 'Victoria's Secrets's runway & photomodel.



above: New Pics two! MedRes! Due 'Top Secret' meed to cover to the "Norden" during the photo making.  - A "Szigorúan Titkos" minősítése miatt a "Nordent" le kellett takarni a fotózások alkalmával.     below: NEW! NoHigher! Memphis Belle  source: Pinterest.com

above: NEW! NoHigher! Hong-Kong's HK models: Scale 1:32 maquette of USAAF's B-17G & #crewmembers in #survival and #bullettproof #west aircrew uniform. In it detail Norden. "Rollout"  source: Pinterest & http://www.hk-models.de/p2_04.htm

 below: NEW! Left: B-17-original  MedRes!  Right: MedRes! covered Norden in B-29 plane vintage 

Hu. Bányiczki Zoli'sas Google Collectionyja, G-Suitos-Ruhákról és & Pin-Up Girlsekről
above: B-17 'Flying Fortress' nose compartment with Navigator and Bombing officer.

above: The new navigator  www.warbirdpinups.com

above: four NEW Pics!: Norden in B-17 'Flying Fortress'    below: NEW! MedRes!

above: NEW! NoHigher! B-17 "Norden" bomberdier in aiming and jettisoning positure

belowNEWLeftMedRes! Hollywood star  Charlize Theron (born in South Africa) looking to window because She is waiting her bombardier housband on "training bomb" seat.  Right: Tired B-17 Bombardier officer  Cameron Diaz Hollywood star in Her similar B-17 rotating seat in bombing positure.


above: NEW! LeftBilly Zane actor as Lt. Val bombing officer of  B-17 in movie "Memphis Belle". RightSteampunk bomber officer - figure with torsion nose after impact to Norden.

above: NEW! and His personal car; Ford "Shoebox" from 1951  source: pinterest.

http://www.speedhunters.com/
above: NEW! NoHigher! USAF Bombardier wing badge

below: NEW! HiRes! Bombshells wimin: Left: Hollywood star, Megan Fox with 'Walther' PPK,  Right: The tailgunner aerial photomaker


above: NEW! HiRes! Boeing B-17F 'Flying Fortress' - "Memphis Belle" egquipped with original 'Norden'.  Source:  Google open galery, Hu. collector Bányiczki-Zoltán
aboveNew cutaway drawing! HiResBig! Boeing B-17G 'Flying Fortress' English
 NEWabove: MedRes! & below: NoHigher! Monogram scale 1:48 conversion
above: NEW! MedRes! B-17 1:48 scale model

above: NEW! MedRes! Right: Alex Ranftle.   below: NEW! NoHigherhttp://www.dietzdolls.com/
 NEW! NoHigher! Norden P-38L Droop Snoot 1945 - bombsight installation 
above: MedRes! Bombshell Blonde Modell: Sabina Kelleyhttp://sabinakelley.com/

above: NEW! MedRes! Consolidated B-24D "Liberator" Heavy Bomber during prepar of mission

above: NEW! NoHigher! B-24 Liberators of the U.S. Army Air Forces' 404th Bombardment Squadron
above: New! Consolidated B-24J/H 'Liberator' nose with Norden   below: NEW! Norden under.

above: NEW! MedRes18+  Aiming position in B-24H Victoria Secret's model Heidi Klum  Sharper Image

below: NEW! NoHigher! 18+ Grammy awarded Christine Aquilera in laying as B-24's bombardier pose.

below: NEW! B-29 sites of cockpit cutaway    below: NEW! MedRes!  Rebuilded
above: NEW! MedRes! B-29 "FiFi"
Boeing B-29 "Fifi" Cockpit Checklist Run-through, Engine Start and Take-off!
This is a clip of the footage that I took during my TWO recent flights on the Commemorative Air Force's Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Fifi." One flight went out of Burbank, CA and the other was out of Bakersfield, CA. Absolutely fantastic and what a sense of history! Turn up the 
above: NEW! MedRes! B-29 fuselage in New York   source: Pinterest.com /Europress Getty
above: NEW! NoHigher! "Enola Gay" Pilot-cmdr. Col. Paul Tibbets ezds.

above: 'Enola Gay' B-29's bombing officer: major Thomas Ferebee with  first Nuclear 'Norden'

above: NEW! MedRes! Norden in B-29 nose - A múzeum nagy hangárjában látható Boeing B-29 Superfortress ("T-Square 54") összesen 37 bombázóküldetésben vett részt a II. világháború alatt.   photo: Nagy Attila Károly  source: index.hu
Hu. text: A világ legnagyobb repülési és űrhajózási magángyűjteménye található Seattle-ben.  ...
This view of the "Enola Gay" shows the original 'Norden' Bombsight that was used on the Hiroshima atomic bomb mission. The Norden Bombsight appears as the dark object with knobs just behind the vertically-elongated window. By Dewey McLean

above: scanned & assembled: szextant: NEW! HiRes! Nuke Uran-235, "Little Boy" 6. aug. 1945.08.06.08:30 70th Anniversary  of Hiroshima first nuclear-atomic delivery. source: Time (BLIKK.hu) . Nagaszaki Plutonium "Fatman" 8. aug.   below: NEW!  Left: MedRes!


article: http://www.honvedelem.hu/cikk/52451_tiz_teny_a_japant_ert_amerikai_atomtamadasokrol
above: NEW! NoHi! Navigator's PPI (Plan Position Indicator) radarscope for navigation & bombing.
above: new! USA National Aviation and Space Museum

above - below: NEW pic: B-29 'Enola Gay' bomber sigh glazed nose with 'Norden' in National Aviation Historical Museum .    Below 2nd-bottom Black & White: NEW!: MedRes!

 NEWaboveHiRes! Pressurized door from bomb-bay    below: MedRes! bomb-bay
above: NEW! MedRes! B-29 bombbay with 250 kg bombs and upper the crawling tube. 
above: NEW! MedRes! Bomb-bay of B-29 250 kg bombs fuse adjusment    source: Pinterest.com - Europress/Getty images

 NEWNoHigherabove: B-29s Flight during "carpet" bombing - Raj "szőnyegbombázás".    below: Nose art: "Lady Boomerang".

above: NEW! HiRes! CANON EOS-7D photo by Hu. Leslie Angyal László former AVIATOR Magazin chief Editor. 'Udvarhazy Center' Flight Museum at New York februar of 2016. B-29

below: NEW! 18+  B-29 PinUp noseart.

above: NEW! NoHigher! "Bombs Away!" WW2 bomber case mod paint USAAF Pin-up girl as #nose-art
above: NEW pic: coming the Soviet Tupolev's version;
above: new! Tu-4 nose airframe    below: two NEW Pics!HiRes! Tupolev Tu-4 (B-29 Soviet metric licence) with OPB-5 ('Norden') bombsight in Monyino Aviation Museum near Moskva.  sourceIgor113 photo: Livejournal.com.   bottom: Right: NEW! MedRes! The gunnery control sight

above: MedRes!  Tupolev Tu-4 Monino Air Force Museum   source: Livejournal.com  photo: Igor


 above: New Pics! Sorry! No zoomable! Tu-4 cross section
above: NEW! Fragmented aerial bomb: FAB-250csh 250 kg-os Repeszromboló bomba1944.


above: NEW! MedRes! Soviet/Russian FAB-250   bottom Right: MedRes!

above: NEW! 'Norden' style wristwatches: MedRes! #Urwerk UR-21    

belowLeft; 2nd Lieutenant Everett Glen Hanes poses for a picture with his 'Norden' Bombsight in the nose of his Martin B-26 "Marauder" of the 9th Air Force,  Right: with movie snitt Marlon Brando it's title ?? and Museum


 NEW! NoHigherabove: B-26 Nose bombardier's compartment   below: B-261s release of bombs
 above: NEW! MedRes! Pin-Up Girl in B-26 ? bomb area  source: Google  Hu collector: Mr. Bányiczky Zoltán
  below: NEW! NoHigher! Nose cupol of  B-26 in USAF Museum  source: PPS

Following; B-25 "Mitchell"

above: NEW! NoHigher! B-25 Pin-Up artwork  source: Pinterest.com
above: NEW+! HiRes! Brittany Jean Model in the B-25J Mitchell cockpit  source: Google collector: Bányiczki Zoltán









above: four NEW Pics! Avsym B-25 nose after; 'Catch 22' - "A 22-es csapdája" movie with capt. Yossarian bombing officer (Alan Arkin) 1973 with B-25J 'Mitchell' over Ferrara scenery.



above: NEW pic: The book - Hungarian edition 1972. My best favourite book & movie.
For me is this the best "take off" scene than any other war film has. They used 18 original B-25's, 17 flyable. Since WW2 this was the biggest B-25 'meeting'. Enjoy!

Catch-22 (1970) - B-25 Mitchell take-offs - HD


above: NEW! MedRes! Pin Up Girls photographer Alvarado's B-25 PinUps in sunglasses  source: pinterest.com  & thepinupfiles.com/alvarado : 
Robert Alvarado has been photographing people for a long time but only on a professional basis since around 2005. "I am a very visual person, and have always been drawn to art and anything graphic. As you can see I'm currently shooting pin-up. I have developed a style that I am happy with at last I really enjoy the art of pin-up - it's been a passion of mine since I first started photography. I must say that I have had a lot of help though, great make up artists, hair stylists and stunning models."

above: Yossarian's successors utódja Alpha Industries leather Pilot Jacket - pilóta bőrdzsekiben.

North American B-25J "Mitchell" cockpit with Norden bombsight
below: NEW Pics! B-25J nose: the left photo: can't look the Norden because cover due mom. New! Already She  did step out from cover.
above: Warbird Pin-Ups Girl behind B-25J  www.warbirdpinups.com

above: MedRes! Mitchell Fan behind the Norden.   Right: NEW! MedRes! good visible "Norden"
below: New! Left: Norden Autopilot panel HiRes! - Right: B-25 bomb release panel

above: NEW pic: NoHigher! Artist painting, bomb aimer in B-26 "Marauder".

above: NEW! NoHigher! Sergey Prokofievich Duplij sitting in the cockpit of a bomber Ilyushin IL-4T - pilot, Hero of the Soviet Union 1944 guards Colonel with OPB-1 optic bombsight

 below: NEW! MedRes! RAF Avro "Lancaster" Heavy Night Bomber bombardier with Mk. sight.



above: three NEW Pics!: HiRes! Mark-I British classical premodern bombsight and Sperry bombsight.



above: five NEW Pics! Normal - Med res! part of Norden
'Norden' Mark XV bombsight (above' had all its controls on the right-hand side, slowing the bombardier's adjustments, while the Sperry S-1 bombsight (below) had controls on both sides, allowing range and course to be adjusted simultaneously. The Norden's top section, dubbed the "football, " was removable; it contained the vertical gyro while the azimuth gyro was housed in the stabilizer. In the Sperry the azimuth gyro {not shown) was in a box bolted to the far side. The Sperry bombsight was mounted on shock absorbers to prevent vibration from the plane's engines from shaking the telescope optics; the Norden was not.







above: NEW! Hiroshima atomic mushrom

above: NEW! MedRes! Nuclear bomb-effect slide-ruler disc - analogue computer - Logartárcsa.


above: MedRes! Right: NEW! B-17s of the 99th Bombardment Group,15th Air Force LIFE Magazin.
above: NEW! RAF bombing actions

above: Juci'bácsi scanned & fitted coll.: NEWHiRes! Beautiful artwork painting; Air battle: Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Me-262 "Schwalbe" geschwader and Bf.109E attacking to USAAF escorted by North American P-51D "Mustang" fighters B-17 bombing raid formation over Schweinfurt Ball-bearing factory 1944.   source: BRD Flug Revue - flugwelt international 5./1970 - Gyönyörű festmény;  Légicsata: Me-262 és Bf.109 század támadja a P-51-esek által kísért B-17 bombázó köteléket a schweinfurti Golyóscsapágy Művek támadásakor.

above: New! MedRes! Professional artist painting about B-17s bombing-raid of Schweinfurt FW190s

above: NEW! MedRes! Word-famous aviation artist, Robert Taylor's oil painting: FW.190 attacking the B-17's formation.

above: NEW! Adam Makkos & Larry Alexander: A The New York Times Bestseller Book "A Higher call." - "Felettünk a csillagos ég." cover: Valor Studios; John D. Shaw, Franz Stigler Collection, Charlie Brown Collection.. Berkley Publishing. Maxim Könyvkiadó Kft.



above: NEW! MedRes! Schweinfurt plan-sheet of penatration
 above: New! the mission & target plan of Schweinfurt kullager (ball bearing factory) fabrik bombing.
above: NEW! USAAF Blanchard before the blackboard at Tinian
above: NEW! Large bombing formation of  B-17 group. http://www.explanatorium.info/   
below: Juci'bá's scanned coll.: NEW! NoHigh! source: Top Gun 1990's article.

above & below: three + four NEW Pics! Top: Schweinfurt - ball-bearing factory bombing by B-17

above: New! Height 8-9.000 meters bombing to Budapest capital of Hungary 1944 - 1945
above: NEW! NoHigher! B-24s bombing to Budapest 1944.

above: New pic! Consolidated B-24 'Liberator' bombing to Budapest Northern part of Csepel-island, destroy to metal industrial area 1944. from East.  below: Csepel-sziget és "Lágymányosi"-bridge (Southern Ralway connecting-bridge) from North.

above: NEW! HiRes! Bombing to 'Ferihegy' Airfield at Budapest

above: New Pics! MedRes! Budapest - LHBP Approach Chart. You can see 'Csepel'-island
below: NEW! HiRes! Bombing of Free-Port of 'Csepel'-island  source: FORTEPAN - www.facebook.com

above: NEW! MedResBig! USAAF Consolidated B-24J "Liberator"'s crew after Budapest bombing

NEW! Avro 'Lancaster' B I R5868 "S-Sugar" is the oldest surviving Lancaster. It was delivered to the RAF in June 1942 and flew for the remainder of the war. It originally as "Q-Queenie" with No. 83 Squadron RAF from RAF Scampton and then as "S-Sugar" with No. 463 and No. 467 RAAF Squadrons from RAF Waddington. This aircraft was the first RAF heavy bomber to complete 100 operations (going on to fly 137 sorties). It is now on display at the RAF Museum,

  below: RAF Bomber crew P.O.W. Veszprém downtown. source: FORTEPAN www.facebook.com

aboveNEWNoHigher! WW-Two 1944 over Hungary bombing bombers' tech data comparison - 1944-ben magyarország bombázásában részt vett  bombázó repülőgéptípusok főbb műszaki adatai.

New! London Bombing Map: http://bombsight.org/#14/51.4755/-0.1018
above: one, below: six NEW Pics! Norm res! Schematic of  classical gravity Bombing method





above: NEW pic: HiRes! Kyoto - Japan nuclear bombing plan.
Basic Mechanical Computer for different Matthematics processing
analogue bombsight mechanism; below coloured one draw: New!
above: NEW! HiResBig! WW-Two similar analoque mathematics mechanism about Marine/NAVY - Battleship's Mark-IV Fire Control equipment.


above: NEW! NoHigher! Wiring diagram



above: HiRes! IL-28 Norden in Navigator cupola
above: new! HiRes! original linedrawing OPB-5 ('Norden') bombsight installation in IL-28
above: new! HiRes! ?? auxiliary training bombsight or ? aerial-photo sight? in IL-28
above: New pic! HiRes! IL-28 in VVS.  source: facebook.hu  Parragh arhive
above: NEW! MedRes! Tupolev Tu-124 Airliner jet cupol  OPB  photo: Igor - Livejournal.com

above; LeftNEW!: the mass of Norden in Tupolev Tu-95KU  Right: NEW! MedRes! English RAF Handley Page "Victor" jet-bomber's rearwards place of bombardier with bombsight 1960s.

above: NEW! MedRes! "Open Sky" aerial control photo mission with OPB-2 bombsight by Ukrainan airmen in An-26 cargo area.
above: NEW+! NoHigher! Baselworld 2015- Cyrus "Klepcys"
http://www.ablogtowatch.com/cyrus-klepcys-watch-hands-on/
below: Right: NEW! "Hoekens" linkage animated (only interesting!)


Hu. text: Az optikai bombacélzó készülék nem más mint egy elektro-mechanikus számítógép. Elsődleges feladata a trigonometriai egyenletek megoldása a beépített bombavetési ballisztikai alaptényezők és a bevitt aktuális adatok alapján kiszámítani a bombaröppályát ez által meghatározva a kioltás térbeli koordinátáit és az időpontokat. Másik funkciója a bombázó tisztnek átadott robotpilóta-berendezést vezérelni.
above: NewJaquet Droz The Time Writer Machine In Action                     

above: NEW! MedRes! B-17's Norden in #Oskosh Aviation Show

Veterany's Bombing School




above: three NEW Pics!: top two, the true bomber jacket fashion!
Classic: Alberto Vargas; Bomb Girls (Pin-Up)
above: NEW pic! The best secret bombing aimer.    below: NEW+! MedRes! B-17 OK!
Szolnok Aviation Museum: http://repulomuzeum.hu/
NEW+above: HiRes! Bomber Officer Stsgt. Boti-Scarlette Saintclair with Jettison mechanism -  ~ ftőrmKioldó mechanizmussal.  (Littlebit Cropped) source: Hungarian Google G+ Collector: Mr. Bányiczki Zoltán Pin-Up Expert     below: MedRes! Juci'bacsi fitted img. In nose of B-17
FIN!

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